Encyclopedia Astronautica
Malyutka



malyutka.jpg
Malyutka
Russian manned rocketplane. Cancelled 1944. The Malyutka rocket point interceptor was designed by Polikarpov beginning in 1943.

The small aircraft, powered by a Glushko NII-1 engine, was designed to reach a speed of 845 km/hr on flights of 8 to 14 minutes duration. Prototype construction was underway when Polikarpov died on 30 July 1944. He had Stalin's support but many other enemies. The result was that his design bureau and projects were immediately cancelled after his death.

Crew Size: 1.

Gross mass: 2,795 kg (6,161 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 1,295 kg (2,854 lb).
Height: 7.30 m (23.90 ft).
Span: 7.50 m (24.60 ft).
Thrust: 11.70 kN (2,630 lbf).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian Rocketplanes The story of rocketplanes and spaceplanes in the Soviet Union was one of constant setbacks due to internal politics, constant struggle with little result. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Polikarpov Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Polikarpov Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Nitric acid/Kerosene Drawing on the German World War II Wasserfall rocket, nitric acid (HNO3) became the early storable oxidiser of choice for missiles and upper stages of the 1950's. To overcome various problems with its use, it was necessary to combine the nitric acid with N2O4 and passivation compounds. These formulae were considered extremely secret at the time. By the late 1950's it was apparent that N2O4 by itself was a better oxidiser. Therefore nitric acid was almost entirely replaced by pure N2O4 in storable liquid fuel rocket engines developed after 1960. Rocket propellant RP-1, or its foreign equivalents, is a straight-run kerosene fraction, which is subjected to further treatment, i.e., acid washing, sulphur dioxide extraction. Thus, unsaturated substances which polymerise in storage are removed, as are sulphur-containing hydrocarbons. More...

Bibliography
  • Butowski, Piotr, "Black Reds", Air Forces Monthly Special, X-Planes, February 1998, p. 35.

Malyutka Chronology


1943 During the Year - .
  • Malyutka rocket point interceptor design begins. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Malyutka. Summary: The Malyutka rocket point interceptor was designed by Polikarpov beginning in 1943. Prototype construction was underway when Polikarpov died on 30 July 1944. His projects were immediately cancelled after his death..

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