Encyclopedia Astronautica
Marsokhod



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Marsokhod
Nuclear powered crewed Mars Train rover (with ascent stage to orbit in centre).
Credit: Andy Salmon
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Marsokhod
Painting of an early Marsokhod design from ca. 1959.
Credit: Gleb V. Aleksushin
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Mars Train
Elements of Mars Train and Zvezda Lunar Base Support Craft. From left: two LK landers; Marsokhod with manipulator arms; Mars Train with reactor, ascent stage, and forward living module; another Marsokhod with manipulator arms.
Credit: © Mark Wade
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EA Lander
EA Lander on Mars. Note the cylindrical air lock that has deployed from the belly, the landing legs, the aerodynamic surfaces on the tail, and the small Marsokhod rover on the surface.
Credit: RKK Energia
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Mars Train
Elements of Mars Train and Zvezda Lunar Base Support Craft. From left: two LK landers; Marsokhod with manipulator arms; Mars Train with reactor, ascent stage, and forward living module; another Marsokhod with manipulator arms.
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian manned Mars rover. Study 1961. Surface transports were part of all Soviet Mars expeditions.

The earliest concepts had multiple articulated tracks. The elaborate Mars Train used wheeled vehicles equipped with manipulator arms so that extended surface operations could be undertaken in shirtsleeve comfort. Later Marsokhods were more austere, providing limited mobility around the landing site on short 30-day or 7-day sojourns on the surface.

Crew Size: 3.

Gross mass: 8,000 kg (17,600 lb).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian Mars Expeditions Aelita was the Queen of Mars in the famous socialist parable filmed by Jakov Protazanov in 1924. It was altogether fitting that her name would be given to the leading Soviet plan for the conquest of the Red Planet. The Soviet Union's Korolev had the same original dream as Wernher von Braun - a manned expedition to Mars. In both cases this goal was interrupted by the 'side show' of the moon race of the 1960's. In both cases that race proved so costly and of so little public interest that political support for any Mars expeditions evaporated. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Barmin Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Barmin Design Bureau, Russia. More...

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