Italian communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.04.28 (Megsat-0) and 2000.09.26 (MegSat-1). The first private Italian satellites, Megsats were microsatellites designed to transmit scientific and commercial data.
MegSat-0 was the first private Italian satellite. Built by MegSat, the Space Division within the Meggiorin group of Brescia, it was a cube-shaped microsatellite technological demonstrator, with a 45 cm side and a 34 Kg weight. From its 580-Km / 51° inclination orbit it transmitted scientific and commercial data. The project engineers introduced a number of innovative systems providing improved speed, quality of acquisition, and management of data. MegSat-0 demonstrated full autonomous management of its microsatellites design from its own ground station in Brescia.
In 2000 the second craft, MegSat-1 weighing more than 50 Kg, was to be launched to a height of 1,000km in a near polar orbit with a 81° inclination.
Italian entrepreneur Meggiorin initially invested 5 million Euro to develop the MegSat microsatellites within the laboratories of Meggiorin group in Brescia. MegSat concentrated on lightening and simplifying systems on board and on the ground, so to remarkably reduce program time and managing costs, and to offer final users a profitable and cost effective service. MegSats were designed to provide for environmental monitoring, by means of surface terminals with an autonomous telecommunication systems working on solar power, and for remote reading and managing of utility meters (gas, water, electrical power, heat etc.).
Gross mass: 35 kg (77 lb).
More... - Chronology...
Height: 0.40 m (1.31 ft).
First Launch: 1999.04.28.
Last Launch: 2000.09.26.
Number: 2 .
Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
R-36M The super-heavy Ukrainian R-36M ICBM replaced the R-36 in 288 existing silos and was additionally installed in 20 new super-hardened silos. The fall of the Soviet Union ended production and the need for replacement. Nevertheless they remained in Russian service into the 21st Century, some being modified for use as space launchers. More...
Associated Launch Vehicles
Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...
R-36M Ukrainian intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-36M replaced the R-36 in 288 existing silos and was additionally installed in 20 new super-hardened silos. More...
R-36M2 15A18M Ukrainian intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-36M2 was the Soviet Union's answer to the American 'Star Wars' anti-ballistic missile system. It was unusually named 'Voevoda' (an old Russian word for the leader of an army) in recognition of its planned role. In the end, it was only deployed in very limited numbers before the end of the Cold War. More...
Dnepr Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle based on decommissioned R-36M2 intercontinental ballistic missiles. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
MegSat Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. MegSat, Gruppo Meggiorin, Brescia, Italy. More...
McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Report (Internet Newsletter), Harvard University, Weekly, 1989 to Present. Web Address when accessed: here.
NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.
Associated Launch Sites
Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
1999 April 28 -
20:30 GMT - .
: Kapustin Yar
. Launch Complex
: Kapustin Yar LC107/1
. Launch Pad
: LC107/pad?. LV Family
: Kosmos 3
. Launch Vehicle
: Kosmos 11K65M
. LV Configuration
: Kosmos 11K65M 65036-413.
- Megsat-0 - .
Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Megsat. Decay Date: 2003-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 25722 . COSPAR: 1999-022B. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 544 km (338 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Summary: A small technology satellite which carried an experimental high rate data transmission payload..
2000 September 26 -
10:05 GMT - .
. Launch Complex
: Baikonur LC109
. Launch Pad
: LC109/95. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
. LV Configuration
: Dnepr 1.
- MegSat-1 - .
Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MegSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26546 . COSPAR: 2000-057B. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 64.5574 deg. Period: 97.56 min. Summary: Research satellite owned and built by MegSat Space Division, part of the Gruppo Meggiorin companies in Brescia, Italy..
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