Encyclopedia Astronautica
Meteor-M



meteor.jpg
Meteor
Meteor satellite. Meteor-M and Meteor-Priroda were similar.
New-generation Russian weather satellite, successor to the Meteor-3M, with new electronics and designed for launch by the Soyuz ST launch vehicle rather than the discontinued Tsiklon-3 and non-Russian Zenit-2. First launched in 2009.

A series of three satellites was planned to revitalize Russian independent weather-forecasting capabilities, but the first one encountered severe technical problems.

Gross mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb).
First Launch: 2009.09.17.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Meteor Family of Polish sounding rockets developed by the Polish Aviation Institute for the Polish Hydro-Meteorological institute beginning in 1962. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Soyuz ST / Fregat ST Uprated Soyuz booster designed for commercial customers. Upgraded engines, modern avionics, reduced non-Russian content. Uses Fregat upper stage. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Meteor-M Chronology


2009 September 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST. LV Configuration: Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat.
  • Meteor-M - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-M. USAF Sat Cat: 35865 . COSPAR: 2009-049A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. First Meteor-M satellite. This replaced the Meteor-3M satellite, with new generation weather instruments. Plagued with problems: the infrared sensor cooling broke down, an antenna did not deploy properly, camera mirrors were degraded by vibration, imagery was not delivered in a usable rectified format.

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