Encyclopedia Astronautica

American manned spaceplane. Study 1969. The McDonnell Douglas Space Shuttle Phase A studies were conducted under contract NAS9-9204. Their Class I vehicle was dubbed MURP - Manned Upper Reusable Payload.

This was a lifting body spaceplane, accommodating two crew and a mix of payload or up to ten passengers in a 85 cu m pressurized payload bay. The spacecraft was equipped with a 7,570 kgf turbojet engine for subsonic cruise in the atmosphere after re-entry, X-15 type nose wheel + dual aft skid landing gear, a spray-on ablative coating to be reapplied after each mission, and deployable variable geometry wings.

Crew Size: 2.

AKA: Manned Upper Reusable Payload.

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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • McDonnell American manufacturer of spacecraft. McDonnell, St Louis, USA. More...

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