Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nadezhda



nadezhda.jpg
Nadezhda
Credit: Sven Grahn
nadezhnp.jpg
Nadezhda
Credit: NPO PM
Ukrainian navigation satellite. 10 launches, 1982.06.29 (Cosmos 1383) to 2002.09.26 (Nadezhda-M).

On 6 May 1977 the USSR and US signed the COSPAS-SPASAT Treaty covering deployment of an international system of emergency beacon receivers aboard satellites. On 23 November 1979 a Memorandum of Agreement was signed by the USA, USSR, Canada, and France on implementation of the system. The receivers would be placed on satellites operating below 1,000 km altitude, and provide a positional accuracy of 3 km for 406 MHz beacons, 20 km for 121.5 MHz. Twenty were flown aboard Tsikada maritime navigation satellites, the first being Kosmos 1383 on 30 June 1982. The system, designated 'Nadezhda', was credited with saving hundreds of lives.

From 1995 these satellites were equipped with the Kurs system for better location of air, sea, and ground craft in distress and for transmittal of digital data to the Kurs Centre. These were designated Nadezhda-M. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. The spacecraft provided dual use - location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; and work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).

AKA: 17F118.
Gross mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb).
First Launch: 1982.06.29.
Last Launch: 2002.09.26.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Voevodin, Sergey A, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", VSA072 - Space Apparatus, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Golotyuk, S, "Sputnikostroiteli s beregov Yeniseya", Novosti kosmonavtiki, No. 10, 1999, p. 64.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

Nadezhda Chronology


1982 June 29 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47183-457.
  • Cosmos 1383 - . Payload: Nadezhda 11F643N s/n 514. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13301 . COSPAR: 1982-066A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Summary: Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1983 March 24 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53739-548.
  • Cosmos 1447 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 13916 . COSPAR: 1983-021A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Carried COSPAS transponder; replaced Cosmos 1226. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; testing of systems for locating the position of ships and aircraft in difficulties (COSPAS-SARSAT system). .

1984 June 21 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-521.
  • Cosmos 1574 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 15055 . COSPAR: 1984-062A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1339. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1989 July 4 - . 15:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65061-250.
  • Nadezhda 1 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20103 . COSPAR: 1989-050A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian maritime navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).

1990 February 27 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53711-228.
  • Nadezhda 2 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 20508 . COSPAR: 1990-017A. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi). Perigee: 953 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAR/SARSAT search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).

1991 March 12 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65048-406.
  • Nadezhda 3 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 21152 . COSPAR: 1991-019A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 12 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz. Carried COSPAS search and rescue package. Location of vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet; work within the international space search and rescue system for locating vessels and aircraft in distress (COSPAS-SARSAT).

1994 July 14 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 4 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 23179 . COSPAR: 1994-041A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9400 deg. Period: 104.68 min. Summary: Carried COSPAS/SARSAT search and rescue package. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 14 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150,00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..

1998 December 10 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 5 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 25567 . COSPAR: 1998-072A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

2000 June 28 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 26384 . COSPAR: 2000-033A. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 686 km (426 mi). Inclination: 98.1366 deg. Period: 98.66 min. Summary: Nadezhda navigation/search and rescue satellite. This represented the first sun-synchronous launch from Plesetsk..

2002 September 26 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65021-706.
  • Nadezhda-M - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 27534 . COSPAR: 2002-046A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 82.9341 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Summary: Nadezhda 7, also called Nadezhda -M, was a Russian navigational satellite. It was to participate in the international search and rescue (SAR) network known as COSPAS-SARSAT, for ships at sea..

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