Encyclopedia Astronautica
NATO 3


British military communications satellite. 4 launches, 1976.04.22 (NATO 3A) to 1984.11.14 (NATO 3D). Military communications.

Gross mass: 720 kg (1,580 lb).
First Launch: 1976.04.22.
Last Launch: 1984.11.14.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Delta The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Development began in 1955 and it continued in service in the 21st Century despite numerous candidate replacements. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Delta American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Delta began as Thor, a crash December 1955 program to produce an intermediate range ballistic missile using existing components, which flew thirteen months after go-ahead. Fifteen months after that, a space launch version flew, using an existing upper stage. The addition of solid rocket boosters allowed the Thor core and Able/Delta upper stages to be stretched. Costs were kept down by using first and second-stage rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program in the 1970's. Continuous introduction of new 'existing' technology over the years resulted in an incredible evolution - the payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit increasing from 68 kg in 1962 to 3810 kg by 2002. Delta survived innumerable attempts to kill the program and replace it with 'more rationale' alternatives. By 2008 nearly 1,000 boosters had flown over a fifty-year career, and cancellation was again announced. More...
  • Delta 2914 American orbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 9 x Castor 2 + 1 x ELT Thor/RS-27 + 1 x Delta P /TR-201 + 1 x Star 37E More...
  • Delta 3914 American orbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 9 x Castor 4 + 1 x ELT Thor/RS-27 + 1 x Delta P /TR-201 + 1 x Star 37E More...
  • Delta 2000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 2000 series used Castor 2 strap-ons together with an Extended Long Tank core equipped with the more powerful RS-27 engine. This engine was derived from surplus H-1 engines intended for the Saturn IB booster of the Apollo programme. The Delta P upper stage was built by Douglas and used surplus Apollo lunar module engines from TRW. More...
  • Delta 3000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 3000 series upgraded the boosters to Castor 4 solid propellant strap-ons, while retaining the Extended Long Tank core with RS-27 engine. The 3910 series used the TRW Lunar Module engine in the second stage, while the 3920 series reintroduced the Aerojet AJ110 Delta engine. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NATO European agency overseeing development of spacecraft. North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Europe. More...

Associated Programs
  • NATO Military communications satellite network. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17B Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Upgraded over the decades for use with Thor, Delta, Delta II, and Delta III launch vehicles, it remained in use for over half a century. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17A Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Pad 17A supported Thor, Delta, and Delta II launches into the 21st Century. More...

NATO 3 Chronology


1976 April 22 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 608/D122.
  • NATO 3A - . Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1992-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 8808 . COSPAR: 1976-035A. Apogee: 36,017 km (22,379 mi). Perigee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Inclination: 13.3000 deg. Period: 1,442.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 18 deg W in 1976-1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 30 deg W in 1982-1984; over the Atlantic Ocean 50 deg W in 1984-1985; over the Atlantic Ocean at 30 deg W in 1985-1989; over the Americas at 125 deg W in 1989-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 4.12 deg E drifting at 1.524 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 142.00E drifting at 1.522W degrees per day.

1977 January 28 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 613/D128.
  • NATO 3B - . Mass: 701 kg (1,545 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1993-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 9785 . COSPAR: 1977-005A. Apogee: 37,421 km (23,252 mi). Perigee: 37,079 km (23,039 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,511.50 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1977-1979 over the Atlantic Ocean 20 deg W in 1979-1982 over the Atlantic Ocean 18 deg W in 1983-1986 over the Atlantic Ocean60 deg W in 1987-1993 As of 5 September 2001 located at 74.61 deg W drifting at 18.018 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.43E drifting at 18.015W degrees per day.

1978 November 19 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 634/D146.
  • NATO 3C - . Mass: 720 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1992-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 11115 . COSPAR: 1978-106A. Apogee: 36,299 km (22,555 mi). Perigee: 36,289 km (22,548 mi). Inclination: 11.8000 deg. Period: 1,462.10 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 50 deg W in 1979-1982 over the Atlantic Ocean 21 deg W in 1983-1986 over the Atlantic Ocean 18 deg W in 1987-1991 over the Atlantic Ocean21 deg W in 1991-1992 As of 31 August 2001 located at 122.29 deg E drifting at 6.431 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 114.22E drifting at 6.438W degrees per day.

1984 November 14 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 D177.
  • NATO 3D - . Mass: 320 kg (700 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. USAF Sat Cat: 15391 . COSPAR: 1984-115A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 2.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Stationed at 138 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 30 deg W in 1985; 50 deg W in 1985-1986; 21 deg W in 1986-1991; 30 deg W in 1991-1993; 21 deg W in1993-1997; 18 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 31 August 2001 located at 19.33 deg W drifting at 0.021 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 120.20W drifting at 19.149W degrees per day.

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