Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: © Oliver Haa
Russian materials science satellite. Study 1998. By the late 1990's the Foton Design Bureau anticipated testing a much more capable microgravity spacecraft as a follow-on to the successful Foton program.

Designated Nika-T (Scientific Research Spacecraft Technological), the vehicle would retain the spherical re-entry capsule of Foton but would possess significantly improved support systems. The 9 metric ton Nika-T would be capable of returning payloads of up to 1,200 kg after missions of 3-4 months. Early Nika-T concepts envisioned a maximum spacecraft diameter of 2.7 m and a length of 9.3 m, but later diagrams suggested that the length was reduced slightly. Two solar arrays would generate 6 kW, of which 4.5 kW would be available for the microgravity payload. A third array was part of the thermal control system's heat rejection loop.

Nika-T was to be launched by the Zenit launch vehicle into sun-synchronous orbits of 300-500 km at inclinations of 96-98 degrees. To protect the fragile materials sciences samples, the landing velocity of the capsule would be reduced to only 5 m/s. At least two new materials science instruments were being developed for Nika-T: the Zona 8 and the Konstanta 4 furnaces. The former would be capable of accepting sample cartridges of 40 mm diameter and 200 mm length, whereas the latter would possess a 85 mm diameter and 400 mm length capacity.


Electric System: 6.00 average kW.

Gross mass: 9,000 kg (19,800 lb).
Height: 9.30 m (30.50 ft).

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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Kozlov Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kozlov Central Specialized Design Bureau, Samara, Russia. More...

  • Johnson, Nicholas L; and Rodvold, David M, Europe and Asia in Space 1993-1994, USAF Phillips Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM 80907, 1995..

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