Encyclopedia Astronautica
Progress M2

Progress Zenit
Drawing of Zenit-launched Progress M2 logistics craft for support of the international space station (cancelled).
Credit: © Mark Wade
Progress Zenit Cutaway
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian logistics spacecraft. Cancelled 1993. As Phase 2 of the third generation Soviet space systems it was planned to use a more capable resupply craft for the Mir-2 space station.

By using the Zenit launch vehicle the Progress M service module could accommodate much larger cargo or space station modules.

The planned Progress-M2 11F615A75 was originally designed for use with the 90 metric ton module Mir-2. Redesigned in 1992-1993 for use with the more modest Mir-2 it had a revised index number of 11F615A77. The 13.3 metric ton, 12.6 m long vehicle consisted of the 5.3 metric ton service module, a 2.3 metric ton pressurized forward module equipped with a docking port, and could hold 5.7 metric tons of cargo. It could also be outfitted as a laboratory and left docked with the Mir-2.

After the cancellation of Mir-2 and its incorporation into the International Space Station, Progress M2 was at first considered as the resupply craft. But as Russia's financial crisis deepened, and in recognition that the booster for the spacecraft was built in a foreign country (the Ukraine), the design was dropped.

AKA: 11F615A75; 7K-TGM2; 11F615A77.
Gross mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb).
Payload: 5,700 kg (12,500 lb).
Height: 12.60 m (41.30 ft).
Span: 3.00 m (9.80 ft).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Soyuz The Russian Soyuz spacecraft has been the longest-lived, most adaptable, and most successful manned spacecraft design. In production for fifty years, more than 240 have been built and flown on a wide range of missions. The design will remain in use with the international space station well into the 21st century, providing the only manned access to the station after the retirement of the shuttle in 2011. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Zenit Zenit was to be a modular new generation medium Soviet launch vehicle, replacing the various ICBM-derived launch vehicles in use since the 1960's (Tsiklon and Soyuz). A version of the first stage was used as strap-ons for the cancelled Energia heavy booster. But it was built by Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine; when the Soviet Union broke up planned large-scale production for the Soviet military was abandoned (Angara development was begun as an indigenous alternative). Launch pads were completed only at Baikonur; those at Plesetsk were never finished and are planned to be completed as Angara pads. However the vehicle found new life as a commercial launch vehicle, launched from a sea platform by an American/Ukrainian consortium. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

  • NASA Shuttle-Mir Web, NASA, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Voevodin, Sergey A, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", VSA072 - Space Apparatus, Web Address when accessed: here.

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