Encyclopedia Astronautica
Resurs F1-14F43



resurf1j.jpg
Resurs F-1
Credit: © Oliver Haa
Russian earth land resources satellite. 18 launches, 1988.05.31 (Cosmos 1951) to 1993.08.24 (Resurs F-19). A decree of 5 May 1977 authorized development of three earth resource satellites.

The Ministry of Defense was tasked with developing these systems, even though they did not contribute directly to any military mission. Despite this political decision, the orders were followed. One of these was Resurs-F, which became Fram, based on the Vostok bus. Remote sensing. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. Western description: Earth resources, close look. Missions: Cosmos 1951, Cosmos 1957, Cosmos 1968, Resurs-F1. Transmission frequencies observed in West: 231.5 PCM-FM. See Resurs F1-17F40 for a full technical description.

When Soviet officials decided to make the Foton spacecraft available to foreign commercial users, the similar Resurs-F1 Earth observation spacecraft was also offered for payloads of 15-30 kg. Working through the Kayser-Threde firm, several European sponsors had taken advantage of these more frequent flight opportunities: COSIMA 2 (Crystallization of Organic Substances in Microgravity for Application) on Resurs-F 5 (September, 1989), COSIMA 3 on Resurs-F 6 (May, 1990), and CASIMIR (Catalyst Studies for Industry through Microgravity Research) on Resurs-F 9 (September, 1990). Although mission durations could be increased to 25 days as compared to the 16- day flights of Foton, Resurs-F1 spacecraft were subject to attitude control adjustments and orbital maneuvers which had a deleterious effect on microgravity experiments. Despite contracts for future microgravity experiments, none of the three Resurs-F missions of 1993- 1994 carried such secondary payloads.

AKA: 14F43.
Gross mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb).
First Launch: 1988.05.31.
Last Launch: 1993.08.24.
Number: 18 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Soyuz The Russian Soyuz spacecraft has been the longest-lived, most adaptable, and most successful manned spacecraft design. In production for fifty years, more than 240 have been built and flown on a wide range of missions. The design will remain in use with the international space station well into the 21st century, providing the only manned access to the station after the retirement of the shuttle in 2011. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Soyuz Russian orbital launch vehicle. The world's first ICBM became the most often used and most reliable launch vehicle in history. The original core+four strap-on booster missile had a small third stage added to produce the Vostok launch vehicle, with a payload of 5 metric tons. Addition of a larger third stage produced the Voskhod/Soyuz vehicle, with a payload over 6 metric tons. Using this with a fourth stage, the resulting Molniya booster placed communications satellites and early lunar and planetary probes in higher energy trajectories. By the year 2000 over 1,628 had been launched with an unmatched success rate of 97.5% for production models. Improved models providing commercial launch services for international customers entered service in the new millenium, and a new launch pad at Kourou was to be inaugurated in 2009. It appeared that the R-7 could easily still be in service 70 years after its first launch. More...
  • Soyuz 11A511U Russian standardised man-rated orbital launch vehicle derived from the original R-7 ICBM of 1957. It has been launched in greater numbers than any orbital launch vehicle in history. Not coincidentally, it has been the most reliable as well. After over 40 years service in Russia, ESA built a new launch pad at Kourou which will keep it in service from three launch sites in three countries well into the mid-21st Century. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • MOM Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ministry of General Machine Building (Moskva, Russia), Moscow, Russia. More...
  • Kozlov Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kozlov Central Specialized Design Bureau, Samara, Russia. More...

Associated Programs
  • Resurs Zenit-derived satellites used for earth resources studies as part of the 'Resurs' and 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Voevodin, Sergey A, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", VSA072 - Space Apparatus, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Plesetsk LC41/1 R-7 launch complex. Code named 'Lesobaza', this was the first complex completed at Plesetsk, being declared ready for military service with the R-7A ICBM in November 1959. The complex followed the design of the protoype facility built at Area 31 of Baikonur and included its own residential area for military personnel and assembly buildings for launchers and payloads. More...
  • Plesetsk LC16/2 R-7 launch complex. Complex 16 was the second R-7A ICBM launch complex to become operationall at Plesetsk, in 1960. In 1969, Pad 2 was cannibalized to upgrade the Area 1 facility in Baikonur. Pad 2 was not again brought into operation until 1979. It was then completely renovated as a space launch pad for Molniya 8K78M/Soyuz 11A511U class vehicles. The first launch was on 19 February 1981, and it continued in use in this role into the 21st Century. More...

Resurs F1-14F43 Chronology


1988 May 31 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1951 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19197 . COSPAR: 1988-047A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1988 July 7 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1957 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 29. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Decay Date: 1988-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 19276 . COSPAR: 1988-057A. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1988 July 27 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 78039130. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Resurs-F1 14F43 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 No. 30. Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: Resurs. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. COSPAR: F880727A.

1988 September 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1968 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 19488 . COSPAR: 1988-082A. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1989 May 25 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-01 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 45. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 23.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 20006 . COSPAR: 1989-038A. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Deployed Pion 1 & 2. Resurs-F: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. Satellite carries two passive separable 'Pion' probes to investigate upper atmospheric density.

1989 June 27 - . 08:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-02 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 46. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 20095 . COSPAR: 1989-049A. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1989 July 18 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-03 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 47. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 21.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 20134 . COSPAR: 1989-055A. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Deployed Pion 3 & 4. Resurs-F: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. Satellite carries two passive separable 'Pion' probes to investigate upper atmospheric density.

1989 September 6 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-05 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 48. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 20222 . COSPAR: 1989-073A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Carried W. German microgravity experiment. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation; and the conduct of biotechnological experiments under a commercial agreement with the firm Interspace (Federal Republic of Germany).

1990 May 29 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-06 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 50. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20632 . COSPAR: 1990-047A. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Also carried German microgravity experiment. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. In accordance with a commercial agreement, apparatus belo nging to the Federal Republic of Germany is also being carried for the purpose of conducting biotechnological experiments.

1990 August 16 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-08 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 49. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 20754 . COSPAR: 1990-073A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1990 September 7 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-09 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 51. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 20794 . COSPAR: 1990-082A. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: Carried German microgravity experiment. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1991 June 28 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-11 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 52. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 23.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 21524 . COSPAR: 1991-044A. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1991 July 23 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-12 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 53. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 21611 . COSPAR: 1991-052A. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of the various branches of the national economy of the USSR, and solution of problems relating to the environment and to international cooperation. .

1992 June 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-15 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 55. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-07-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 21998 . COSPAR: 1992-033A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Capsule reentered 7/9/92. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of the various branches of the national economy. .

1992 August 19 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-16 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 54. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 22093 . COSPAR: 1992-056A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Carried US Dept. of Defense experiment. Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of the various branches of the national economy and solution of problems relating to the environment and to international cooperation (the satellite's equipment included two Pion passive satellites for the investigation of the upper atmosphere).

1992 November 15 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs-500 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-11-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 22217 . COSPAR: 1992-075A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Carried descent module with greetings to American people. Delivery of a humanitarian cargo (messages to the American people, promotional materials of Russian and foreign firms, etc.) to the United States of America in connection with the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus.

1993 June 25 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-18 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 57. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 17.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 22696 . COSPAR: 1993-040A. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1993 August 24 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-19 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 56. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 17.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 22777 . COSPAR: 1993-053A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

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