Encyclopedia Astronautica
Safe Haven


European manned space station. Study 2020. The ATV could evolve towards an unmanned free-flying laboratory providing a better microgravity level than the ISS.

It could periodically dock to the ISS for major servicing support. Such a free flying pressurized spacecraft could also be used as a safe haven for an entire ISS crew in case of a major emergency on-board the Station. That would give time for a crew to survive until they are rescued by a Soyuz or other vehicle.

Crew Size: 6. Habitable Volume: 48.00 m3.

Gross mass: 19,000 kg (41,000 lb).
Height: 11.00 m (36.00 ft).
Diameter: 4.45 m (14.59 ft).
Span: 22.30 m (73.10 ft).

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Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Ariane 5 French orbital launch vehicle. The Ariane 5 was a completely new design, unrelated to the earlier Ariane 1 to 4. It consisted of a single-engine Lox/LH2 core stage flanked by two solid rocket boosters. Preparatory work began in 1984. Full scale development began in 1988 and cost $ 8 billion. The design was sized for the Hermes manned spaceplane, later cancelled. This resulted in the booster being a bit too large for the main commercial payload, geosynchronous communications satellites. As a result, development of an uprated version capable of launching two such satellites at a time was funded in 2000. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ESA European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Space Agency, Europe. More...
  • Cannes French manufacturer of spacecraft. Cannes, France. More...

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