Encyclopedia Astronautica
Soyuz 7K-L1 SA


Russian manned spacecraft module. 12 launches, 1967.03.10 (Cosmos 146) to 1970.10.20 (Zond 8). Increased heat shield protection and presumably reaction control system propellant for re-entry from lunar distances. Reentry capsule.

Reserve parachute deleted and hatch for entry of crew through side of spacecraft added. Crew of two provided with Orlan space suits and parachutes for bail-out through side hatch in event of failure of main parachute.

Crew Size: 2. Habitable Volume: 4.00 m3. RCS Coarse No x Thrust: 6 X 98 N.

AKA: Spuskaemiy apparat.
Gross mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb).
Height: 2.24 m (7.34 ft).
Diameter: 2.17 m (7.11 ft).

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Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Soyuz 7K-L1 Russian manned lunar flyby spacecraft. 12 launches, 1967.03.10 (Cosmos 146) to 1970.10.20 (Zond 8). The Soyuz 7K-L1, a modification of the Soyuz 7K-OK, was designed for manned circumlunar missions. More...

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