Encyclopedia Astronautica
Space Biotechnological Complex


Russian materials science satellite. Study 1992. In 1991 the Salyut Design Bureau proposed a Space Biotechnological Complex, for production of pharmaceutical products in zero gravity.

A recoverable capsule would return up to 100 kg of products to earth after five hours of weightlessness.

The concept was 'intended for experimental production of exclusively pure biologically active substances possessing unique properties (unthought-of gaining in the terrestrial conditions) and its manufacturing process improvement'. The 1,200-kg spacecraft measured only 1.50 m in height and 1.45 m in diameter at the base. The core of the spacecraft was a recoverable module, similar to that introduced with Progress M spacecraft in 1990, surrounded by electrical and thermal control systems. Total recoverable payload mass was 100 kg with a diameter of 53 cm and a length of 100 cm. Designed for launch by a 'light-weight launch vehicles' (possibly the RS-18-derived Rokot also created by the Salyut Design Bureau), the Space Biotechnological Complex could remain in its reference 400-km, 65 degrees-inclination orbit for only five hours. A 1991 description of the project indicated that operations could start 1993, although no serious effort was apparent underway by the end of 1994.

Gross mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb).
Height: 1.50 m (4.90 ft).

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Associated Countries
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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Chelomei Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Chelomei Design Bureau, Reutov, Russia. More...

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