Encyclopedia Astronautica
Space Station Designs - 1982



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Space Station - 1982
Early 1980s Space Station Study (Rockwell). Large space station proposal by Rockwell. Note satellite servicing facility with extended robotic arms (centre). Unmanned space platform (right) is visible in background.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Space Station - 1982
Space Station Designs - 1982
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Grumman Station 1982
Early 1980S Space Station Studies (Grumman). Grumman's expanded 9-man space station for the late 1990s would also have been capable of servicing spacecraft.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Grumman Station 1982
Early 1980S Space Station Studies (Grumman). Like the other contractors, Grumman focused on space stations driven by user requirements. The initial space station could be assembled quickly and inexpensively from modules launched on the Space Shuttle. It would have a crew of three astronauts.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Space Station - 1982
Early 1980S Space Station Studies (Martin Marietta). This Martin Marietta space station design was developed during the company's $1-million contract in 1982-83.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Lockheed Station-'80
Early 1980s Space Station Study (Lockheed). Lockheed's space station definition proposal from 1982-83 featured a spacecraft servicing facility (right) and several pressurized crew modules.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
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Station Design 1986
1982 : NASA Issues Space Station Study Contracts.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos
American manned space station. Study 1982. NASA regarded a permanently manned space station as the next 'logical step' in manned spaceflight after the Space Shuttle entered service in April 1981.

The agency formed a Space Station Task Force in May 1982 to study possible user requirements. In August 1992, NASA awarded eight $1-million study contracts to Boeing, McDonnell-Douglas, TRW, Rockwell, Grumman, General Dynamics/Convair and Martin Marietta. The contractors reported back in March 1983.....

The designs submitted were as follows:

  • Convair - The General Dynamics/Convair space station concept was intended as a 'spacedock' for assembling and servicing large spacecraft in low Earth orbit.
  • Grumman - Like the other contractors, Grumman focused on space stations driven by user requirements. The initial space station could be assembled quickly and inexpensively from modules launched on the Space Shuttle. It would have a crew of three astronauts. Grumman's expanded 9-man space station for the late 1990s would also have been capable of servicing spacecraft.
  • Martin Marietta - The Martin Marietta space station design was developed during the company's $1-million contract in 1982-83.
  • McDonnell-Douglas - McDonnell-Douglas had already studied the NASA/Marshall Science and Applications Manned Space Platform in considerable detail when they received another space station definition contract in August 1982. The enlarged design was loosely based on SAMSP.
  • Lockheed - Lockheed's space station definition proposal from 1982-83 featured a spacecraft servicing facility and several pressurized crew modules.
  • Rockwell - Two space station proposals were made by Rockwell International. The initial design would consist of only a few modules. The larger space station proposal would include a satellite servicing facility with robotic arms and an unmanned space platform.
  • TRW - TRW further developed its earlier Science and Applications Manned Space Platform concept under the August 1982 NASA contract. The initial space station would have supported a crew of 4 astronauts. TRW's large 10-12 man space station for the year 2000 could serve as a 'space harbor' for the assembly of large spacecraft. Like the other contractors, TRW assumed the space station would grow and evolve gradually as more funding becomes available.

Article by Marcus Lindroos

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Associated Countries
See also
  • US Space Stations Wernher von Braun brought Noordung's rotating station design with him from Europe. This he popularized in the early 1950's in selling manned space flight to the American public. By the late 1950's von Braun's team favoured the spent-stage concept - which eventually flew as Skylab. By the mid-1960's, NASA was concentrating on modular, purpose-built, zero-G stations. These eventually flew as the International Space Station. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Proton-K Russian orbital launch vehicle. Development of a three-stage version of the UR-500 was authorised in the decree of 3 August 1964. Decrees of 12 October and 11 November 1964 authorised development of the Almaz manned military space station and the manned circumlunar spacecraft LK-1 as payloads for the UR-500K. Remarkably, due to continuing failures, the 8K82K did not satisfactorily complete its state trials until its 61st launch (Salyut 6 / serial number 29501 / 29 September 1977). Thereafter it reached a level of launch reliability comparable to that of other world launch vehicles. More...
  • Shuttle American winged orbital launch vehicle. The manned reusable space system which was designed to slash the cost of space transport and replace all expendable launch vehicles. It did neither, but did keep NASA in the manned space flight business for 30 years. Redesign of the shuttle with reliability in mind after the Challenger disaster reduced maximum payload to low earth orbit from 27,850 kg to 24,400 kg. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • North American American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA More...
  • TRW American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. TRW Corporation, Redondo Beach, CA, USA. More...
  • Douglas American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Huntington Beach, Huntington Beach, CA, USA. More...
  • Boeing American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Aerospace, Seattle, USA. More...
  • Convair American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Convair, USA. More...
  • Grumman American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Grumman, Great River, NY, USA. More...

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