Encyclopedia Astronautica
Taifun-1



taifun1a.jpg
Taifun-1A
Credit: Yuzhnoye
taifun1b.jpg
Taifun-1B
Credit: KB Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian military target satellite. 25 launches, 1974.06.18 (Cosmos 660) to 1994.09.27 (Cosmos 2292). From 1969 KB Yuzhnoye built the Lira targets for exercise and test of PVO air defense and space tracking systems.

The second generation consisted of Taifun-1 and Taifun-2 satellites, which differed in the type of equipment installed. Taifun-2 would release up to 25 Romb sub-satellites, while Taifun-1 did not. In 1972 KB-3 under B E Khimrov, with the co-operation of assisting organizations and the Ministry of Defense, completed the draft project. The first Taifun-1 was completed in 1974, and flight trials were conducted in the second half of the 1970's using Kosmos-3M launch vehicles from Plesetsk and Kapustin Yar. The heads of the State Trials Commission were B N Karpov, N N Zhukov, and B G Zudin. Vektor satellites were spherical in shape, about 2 m in diameter, the surface covered with solar cells and equipped with four antennae.

AKA: 5MV; 11F633; Vektor.
Height: 2.00 m (6.50 ft).
Span: 2.00 m (6.50 ft).
First Launch: 1974.06.18.
Last Launch: 1994.09.27.
Number: 25 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Voevodin, Sergey A, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", VSA072 - Space Apparatus, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..
  • Siddiqi, Asif A, The Soviet Space Race With Apollo, University Press of Florida, 2003.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

Taifun-1 Chronology


1971 February 1 - .
  • Taifun-1 accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Taifun-1 into armaments' was issued..

1974 June 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53714-165.
  • Cosmos 660 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 7337 . COSPAR: 1974-044A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 383 km (237 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1974 October 11 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-225.
  • Cosmos 687 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7469 . COSPAR: 1974-076A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1975 July 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-254.
  • Cosmos 752 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 8043 . COSPAR: 1975-069A. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1976 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-310.
  • Cosmos 807 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 8744 . COSPAR: 1976-022A. Apogee: 1,568 km (974 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1976 May 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-328.
  • Cosmos 822 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8865 . COSPAR: 1976-049A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1977 February 2 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-306.
  • Cosmos 891 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 9801 . COSPAR: 1977-006A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 472 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1977 July 19 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-264.
  • Cosmos 930 - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1980-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 10149 . COSPAR: 1977-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1977 July 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-267.
  • Cosmos 933 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 10157 . COSPAR: 1977-070A. Apogee: 431 km (267 mi). Perigee: 369 km (229 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1978 May 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-318.
  • Cosmos 1006 - . Mass: 1,120 kg (2,460 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1979-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 10862 . COSPAR: 1978-046A. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1979 February 8 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53782-417.
  • Cosmos 1075 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11262 . COSPAR: 1979-010A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1980 March 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65098-311.
  • Cosmos 1169 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1983-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11741 . COSPAR: 1980-023A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1981 January 16 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53798-319.
  • Cosmos 1238 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12138 . COSPAR: 1981-003A. Apogee: 1,706 km (1,060 mi). Perigee: 395 km (245 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.20 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1981 April 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53798-322.
  • Cosmos 1263 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12388 . COSPAR: 1981-033A. Apogee: 1,684 km (1,046 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1981 September 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-527.
  • Cosmos 1310 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 12852 . COSPAR: 1981-095A. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1983 April 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132?/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-512.
  • Cosmos 1450 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13972 . COSPAR: 1983-027A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1983 November 11 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65093-470.
  • Cosmos 1508 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 14483 . COSPAR: 1983-111A. Apogee: 1,640 km (1,010 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1984 January 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53793-469.
  • Cosmos 1534 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14668 . COSPAR: 1984-007A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1985 February 27 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47134-139.
  • Cosmos 1631 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15584 . COSPAR: 1985-018A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1986 October 27 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53748-411.
  • Cosmos 1788 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1991-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 17050 . COSPAR: 1986-083A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1987 December 15 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53726-183.
  • Cosmos 1902 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1988-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18668 . COSPAR: 1987-103A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 364 km (226 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1988 July 14 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47111-224.
  • Cosmos 1958 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1989-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 19320 . COSPAR: 1988-060A. Apogee: 411 km (255 mi). Perigee: 360 km (220 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1989 June 14 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53761-249.
  • Cosmos 2027 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1992-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20064 . COSPAR: 1989-045A. Apogee: 427 km (265 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1990 August 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53711-240.
  • Cosmos 2098 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 20774 . COSPAR: 1990-078A. Apogee: 1,747 km (1,085 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1994 August 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2285 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23189 . COSPAR: 1994-045A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 74.0300 deg. Period: 104.98 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1994 September 27 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2292 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 23278 . COSPAR: 1994-061A. Apogee: 1,951 km (1,212 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 82.9900 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

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