Encyclopedia Astronautica
Taifun-1Yu



taifu1b1.jpg
Taifun-1B
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian military target satellite. 13 launches, 1979.12.05 (Cosmos 1146) to 1996.04.24 (Cosmos 2332). The Taifun-1Yu, a modification of the basic design with smooth calibration surfaces, was to be in service by 1980.

Instead trials were conducted from 1979-1981 and the design was not accepted for military service until 7 February 1983. The basic satellite was spherical in shape and 2.0 m in diameter.

Height: 2.00 m (6.50 ft).
Span: 2.00 m (6.50 ft).
First Launch: 1979.12.05.
Last Launch: 1996.04.24.
Number: 13 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

Taifun-1Yu Chronology


1979 December 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47168-309.
  • Cosmos 1146 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1981-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11632 . COSPAR: 1979-100A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 438 km (272 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration..

1980 May 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53783-456.
  • Cosmos 1179 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11796 . COSPAR: 1980-037A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Failure. Radar calibration mission..

1982 October 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47193-471.
  • Cosmos 1418 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1983-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13627 . COSPAR: 1982-104A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1982 December 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 57783-454.
  • Cosmos 1427 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 13750 . COSPAR: 1982-121A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 319 km (198 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1983 May 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47119-511.
  • Cosmos 1463 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1993-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 14075 . COSPAR: 1983-046A. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 254 km (157 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1983 October 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65039-540.
  • Cosmos 1502 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1985-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 14395 . COSPAR: 1983-102A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 366 km (227 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Possibly ASAT related. Radar calibration mission..

1984 June 28 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47134-133.
  • Cosmos 1578 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1993-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 15080 . COSPAR: 1984-068A. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1984 December 20 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47134-127.
  • Cosmos 1615 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1990-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 15446 . COSPAR: 1984-127A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1987 July 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47196-161.
  • Cosmos 1868 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 18192 . COSPAR: 1987-061A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1991 March 19 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53448-417.
  • Cosmos 2137 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1995-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 21190 . COSPAR: 1991-021A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 356 km (221 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1991 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53778-420.
  • Cosmos 2164 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1992-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 21743 . COSPAR: 1991-072A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1993 October 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65065-624.
  • Cosmos 2265 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 2003-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 22875 . COSPAR: 1993-067A. Apogee: 1,557 km (967 mi). Perigee: 290 km (180 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1996 April 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2332 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 2005-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 23853 . COSPAR: 1996-025A. Apogee: 1,548 km (961 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

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