Encyclopedia Astronautica
The Spirit of Liberty

Spirit of Liberty
The Spirit of Liberty
American manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital ballistic spacecraft concept of American Astronautics Corporation, Oceanside, California.

The Spirit of Liberty was a concept of Bill Sprague of the American Astronautics Corporation, Oceanside, California. The concept used a rocket powered vertical takeoff launch and parachute landing on water. The Spirit of Liberty was seen as an interim step leading to a Sprague's design for a commercial space tourism vehicle capable of carrying 30 passengers.

Gross mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb).
Height: 12.80 m (41.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.90 m (2.95 ft).
Thrust: 88.20 kN (19,828 lbf).

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See also
  • America's Space Prize Following the success of the Ansari X-Prize in motivating flight of the first commercial suborbital manned spacecraft, Robert Bigelow announced the 'America's Space Prize' - $ 50 million - to the first team to fly an orbital manned spacecraft that completes two missions safely and successfully by January 10, 2010. More...
  • X-Prize The X-Prize competition was an attempt to promote commercial civilian spaceflight in a manner similar to the prizes handed out in the early days of aviation. Ten million dollars was to go to the first team to fly a vehicle capable of launching three people into space (defined as an altitude of 100 km in a suborbital trajectory), twice in a two-week period. The vehicle had to be 90% reusable by dry mass. For purposes of the two flights, the competition accepted flight by one person and ballast equivalent to two others at 90 kg per passenger. More...

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