Russian manned spacecraft module. Study 1960. Equipment section.
Heat shield: 837 kg (1,845 lb). Recovery Equipment: 151 kg (332 lb). Crew Seats and Provisions: 336 kg (740 lb). RCS Propellants: 20 kg (44 lb). Spacecraft delta v: 155 m/s (508 ft/sec). Electric System: 24.00 kWh. Electric System: 0.20 average kW.
AKA: Priborniy otsek.
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Gross mass: 2,270 kg (5,000 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 1,995 kg (4,398 lb).
Height: 2.25 m (7.38 ft).
Diameter: 2.43 m (7.97 ft).
Thrust: 15.83 kN (3,558 lbf).
Specific impulse: 266 s.
Vostok Russian manned spacecraft. 13 launches, 1960.05.15 (Korabl-Sputnik 1) to 1963.06.16 (Vostok 6). First manned spacecraft. Derivatives were still in use in the 21st Century for military surveillance, earth resources, mapping, and biological missions. More...
Nitrous oxide/Amines Nitrous oxide has advantages as a rocket engine oxidizer in that it is non-toxic, stable at room temperature, easy to store and relatively safe to carry on a flight. Its disadvantage is that it must be stored as a gas, which make it more bulky than liquid oxidizers. Early storable rocket systems sought to improve ignition characteristics and perforamance by eliminating the kerosene portion of the fuel. An amine is an organic compound produced when one or more hydrogen atoms of ammonia is replaced with organic groups. Mixed amine fuels were first developed by the Germans in World War II. TONKA-250, developed for the Wasserfall rocket, was used by the Russians after the war in various engines under the specification TG-02. More...
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