Encyclopedia Astronautica
Zenit-6U



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Zenit-6 Cutaway
Credit: TsSKB
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Exploded view-Zenit
Exploded View of Typical Components of a Zenit-class reconnaissance satellite:. 1 - Power module; 2 - Solar panels; 3 - SA re-entry capsule, which returns film and camera to earth; 4 - Command radio antenna; 5 - Cold gas tanks of the pressurisation/thermal control system; 6 - Radar altimeter; 7 - Equipment module; 8 - Orientation system engine; 9 - Solid rocket motor deorbit engine; 10 - Thermoregulation system radiators; 11 - Equipment frame; 12 - Infrared horizon scanner; 13 - Electrical system umbilical; 14 - Mayak system antennae
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Zenit Recovery
Credit: TsSKB
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Zenit External
Zenit-mounted external payloads: small scientific devices; KNA containerised vacuum exposure devices; Nauka autonomous payload container; MKA free-flying spacecraft.
Russian military surveillance satellite. 95 launches, 1976.11.24 (Cosmos 867) to 1984.06.19 (Cosmos 1573). A universal variant of the Zenit spacecraft, used in two altitude ranges, for both observation and high resolution missions.

Maneuvers to high perigee during the course of a mission. Accepted for military service in 1978. Typical orbital profile: inclination 72.8, 70.4 degrees with altitude of 200-380 km; maneuvering to altitude of 360-415 km. Designed duration: 14 days. Transmission frequencies observed in West: 19.989 FSK; 39.978 FSK; 232.0 PPM-AM; 19.989 FSK; 39.978 FSK; 231.5 PCM-FM.

AKA: 11F645; Argon.
Gross mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb).
First Launch: 1976.11.23.
Last Launch: 1984.06.19.
Number: 95 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Soyuz The Russian Soyuz spacecraft has been the longest-lived, most adaptable, and most successful manned spacecraft design. In production for fifty years, more than 240 have been built and flown on a wide range of missions. The design will remain in use with the international space station well into the 21st century, providing the only manned access to the station after the retirement of the shuttle in 2011. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Soyuz Russian orbital launch vehicle. The world's first ICBM became the most often used and most reliable launch vehicle in history. The original core+four strap-on booster missile had a small third stage added to produce the Vostok launch vehicle, with a payload of 5 metric tons. Addition of a larger third stage produced the Voskhod/Soyuz vehicle, with a payload over 6 metric tons. Using this with a fourth stage, the resulting Molniya booster placed communications satellites and early lunar and planetary probes in higher energy trajectories. By the year 2000 over 1,628 had been launched with an unmatched success rate of 97.5% for production models. Improved models providing commercial launch services for international customers entered service in the new millenium, and a new launch pad at Kourou was to be inaugurated in 2009. It appeared that the R-7 could easily still be in service 70 years after its first launch. More...
  • Soyuz 11A511U Russian standardised man-rated orbital launch vehicle derived from the original R-7 ICBM of 1957. It has been launched in greater numbers than any orbital launch vehicle in history. Not coincidentally, it has been the most reliable as well. After over 40 years service in Russia, ESA built a new launch pad at Kourou which will keep it in service from three launch sites in three countries well into the mid-21st Century. More...
  • Soyuz 11A511U2 Russian orbital launch vehicle. Soyuz 11A511U2 used synthetic kerosene ('Sintin') in first stage for launch of premium reconnaisance satellite and manned payloads requiring just a bit more payload than the standard 11A511 could offer. Further use of the 11A511U2 abandoned in 1996 due to Sintin production stoppage. Later Soyuz spacecraft launched on standard Soyuz, with reduced payload and rendezvous with Mir in lower orbit accepted. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • MOM Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ministry of General Machine Building (Moskva, Russia), Moscow, Russia. More...
  • Kozlov Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kozlov Central Specialized Design Bureau, Samara, Russia. More...

Associated Programs
  • Resurs Zenit-derived satellites used for earth resources studies as part of the 'Resurs' and 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Voevodin, Sergey A, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", VSA072 - Space Apparatus, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Grahn, Sven, Sven Grahn's Space History Pages, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Plesetsk LC41/1 R-7 launch complex. Code named 'Lesobaza', this was the first complex completed at Plesetsk, being declared ready for military service with the R-7A ICBM in November 1959. The complex followed the design of the protoype facility built at Area 31 of Baikonur and included its own residential area for military personnel and assembly buildings for launchers and payloads. More...

Zenit-6U Chronology


1976 November 23 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 867 - . Payload: Zenit-6 no. 1. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 9552 . COSPAR: 1976-111A. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1977 March 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 896 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 9857 . COSPAR: 1977-016A. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 July 27 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 934 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 10164 . COSPAR: 1977-072A. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Perigee: 231 km (143 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 October 11 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 958 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 10403 . COSPAR: 1977-100A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1978 November 28 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1050 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11121 . COSPAR: 1978-108A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 April 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1095 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11335 . COSPAR: 1979-034A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 May 31 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1103 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11376 . COSPAR: 1979-045A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 June 15 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1107 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 11404 . COSPAR: 1979-055A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 June 29 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1111 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11429 . COSPAR: 1979-061A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 August 31 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1126 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11515 . COSPAR: 1979-079A. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 September 28 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1138 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11548 . COSPAR: 1979-085A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 October 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/pad?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-6 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. COSPAR: F791012A. Summary: Photo surveillance mission..

1979 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1142 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11592 . COSPAR: 1979-092A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 December 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1147 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11638 . COSPAR: 1979-102A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 January 9 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1149 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11652 . COSPAR: 1980-001A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 February 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1155 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11685 . COSPAR: 1980-009A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 March 4 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1166 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11722 . COSPAR: 1980-020A. Apogee: 371 km (230 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1178 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 11793 . COSPAR: 1980-036A. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 May 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1183 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11816 . COSPAR: 1980-042A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 June 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1187 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11837 . COSPAR: 1980-048A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 June 26 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1189 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11863 . COSPAR: 1980-054A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 July 9 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1200 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11884 . COSPAR: 1980-059A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 July 24 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1202 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 11907 . COSPAR: 1980-065A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 August 12 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1205 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11924 . COSPAR: 1980-068A. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 September 19 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1210 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11980 . COSPAR: 1980-076A. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 October 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1213 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11997 . COSPAR: 1980-080A. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 October 16 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1216 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12019 . COSPAR: 1980-084A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 October 31 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1219 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 12050 . COSPAR: 1980-088A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 November 12 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1221 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 12058 . COSPAR: 1980-090A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 December 1 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1224 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12084 . COSPAR: 1980-096A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 December 16 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1227 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12100 . COSPAR: 1980-101A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 January 6 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1237 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 12130 . COSPAR: 1981-001A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 February 13 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1245 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 12299 . COSPAR: 1981-014A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 March 17 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1259 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 12341 . COSPAR: 1981-026A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 April 7 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1262 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 12385 . COSPAR: 1981-032A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 April 15 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1264 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 12400 . COSPAR: 1981-035A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 April 16 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1265 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12402 . COSPAR: 1981-036A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 April 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1268 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12423 . COSPAR: 1981-040A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 May 21 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1272 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 12466 . COSPAR: 1981-047A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 June 17 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1277 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12520 . COSPAR: 1981-056A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 July 1 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1279 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12571 . COSPAR: 1981-062A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 July 7 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1281 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 12583 . COSPAR: 1981-064A. Apogee: 389 km (241 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 July 17 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1283 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 12598 . COSPAR: 1981-067A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 July 29 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1284 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12614 . COSPAR: 1981-068A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 August 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1297 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12716 . COSPAR: 1981-079A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 September 4 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1303 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-09-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 12801 . COSPAR: 1981-086A. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 September 15 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1307 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12830 . COSPAR: 1981-090A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 October 1 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1313 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12881 . COSPAR: 1981-099A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 October 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1316 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 12905 . COSPAR: 1981-104A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 November 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1319 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-11-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 12954 . COSPAR: 1981-112A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 December 4 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1329 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 12989 . COSPAR: 1981-118A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 231 km (143 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 January 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1334 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-02-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 13036 . COSPAR: 1982-005A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 February 16 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1338 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 13063 . COSPAR: 1982-011A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 March 5 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1342 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 13084 . COSPAR: 1982-018A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 March 17 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1343 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 13096 . COSPAR: 1982-021A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 April 21 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1352 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 13144 . COSPAR: 1982-035A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 May 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-6 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. COSPAR: F820515A. Summary: Photo surveillance mission..

1982 May 21 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1368 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 13208 . COSPAR: 1982-046A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 June 2 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1373 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13244 . COSPAR: 1982-053A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 June 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1381 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Decay Date: 1982-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 13283 . COSPAR: 1982-062A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 July 27 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1396 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 13391 . COSPAR: 1982-075A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 September 1 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1403 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 13448 . COSPAR: 1982-085A. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 September 1 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1404 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 13449 . COSPAR: 1982-086A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 September 30 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1411 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 13597 . COSPAR: 1982-098A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 October 14 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1416 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 13611 . COSPAR: 1982-101A. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 231 km (143 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 November 2 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1419 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13641 . COSPAR: 1982-108A. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 November 18 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1421 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 13661 . COSPAR: 1982-112A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 December 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1422 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 13677 . COSPAR: 1982-114A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 December 23 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 1425 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-01-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 13739 . COSPAR: 1982-119A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 January 27 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1438 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 13779 . COSPAR: 1983-005A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 March 2 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1444 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13870 . COSPAR: 1983-014A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 March 16 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1446 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13886 . COSPAR: 1983-018A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 March 31 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1449 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 13955 . COSPAR: 1983-024A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 72.7000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 April 8 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1451 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-04-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 13975 . COSPAR: 1983-029A. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable. First launch from LC43/4 since on-pad explosion in March 1980..

1983 May 6 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1460 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-05-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 14058 . COSPAR: 1983-043A. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 May 31 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1467 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 14100 . COSPAR: 1983-052A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 June 14 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1469 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 10.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 14123 . COSPAR: 1983-057A. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 July 5 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1472 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14169 . COSPAR: 1983-068A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1983 July 13 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1482 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 14185 . COSPAR: 1983-071A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1983 July 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1485 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 14210 . COSPAR: 1983-076A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 August 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1488 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-08-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14251 . COSPAR: 1983-082A. Apogee: 368 km (228 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 August 23 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1493 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 14299 . COSPAR: 1983-087A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 September 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1497 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14330 . COSPAR: 1983-095A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 September 17 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1499 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14339 . COSPAR: 1983-097A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 October 21 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1505 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 14425 . COSPAR: 1983-107A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 November 17 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1509 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14490 . COSPAR: 1983-112A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 December 7 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1512 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-12-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 14542 . COSPAR: 1983-119A. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 January 11 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1530 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 14622 . COSPAR: 1984-002A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 January 26 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 1533 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 14666 . COSPAR: 1984-006A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 March 7 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 1542 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 14793 . COSPAR: 1984-025A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 March 21 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1545 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 14849 . COSPAR: 1984-030A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 April 19 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1549 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 14938 . COSPAR: 1984-040A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 May 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1551 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 14967 . COSPAR: 1984-044A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1984 June 1 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1568 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15011 . COSPAR: 1984-054A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 June 19 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1573 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 15051 . COSPAR: 1984-061A. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

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