Encyclopedia Astronautica
RD-012U


Bondaryuk ramjet engine. 76 kN. Burya. Out of production. 1.2 m diameter ramjet to be used in Burya cruise missile. Thrust is maximum thrust at cruise altitude. Specific impulse is that at cruise design point. Isp=1500s. First flight 1957.

Application: Burya.

Status: Out of production.
Thrust: 76.00 kN (17,085 lbf).
Specific impulse: 1,500 s.
Burn time: 8,500 s.
Number: 18 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Burya A government decree on 20 May 1954 authorised the Lavochkin aircraft design bureau to proceed with full-scale development of the Burya trisonic intercontinental cruise missile. Burya launches began in July 1957. The project was cancelled, but the team was allowed final tests in 1961 that demonstrated a 6,500 km range at Mach 3.2 with the 2,350 kg payload. In cancelling Burya the Russians gave up technology that Lavochkin planned to evolve into a manned shuttle-like recoverable launch vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bondaryuk Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Bondaryuk Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Air/Kerosene Ambient air (78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, etc.) is scooped up by air intakes and used in turbojet, turbofan, ramjet, scramjet, or other airbreathing engines. It is used to burn aviation-grade kerosene, commercial grade JP-4 or JP-5, their military equivalents, or special high-temperature blends such as those used in the SR-71. More...

Bibliography
  • Petrakov, V M, O vklade OKB-23 V M Myasishcheva v prakticheskoe osushchecstvlenie idey K E Tsilokovskovo, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Koissiya po razrabotke nauchnovo nasoediya K E Tsiolkovskovo, 1990/I16..
  • Borisov, A, "'Buran' - polyot v nikuda?", Novosti kosmonavtiki, 1998, Issue 23/24, page 68..

Associated Stages
  • Burya Ramjet missile stage. Loaded/empty mass 40,865/13,000 kg. Thrust 76.00 kN. Specific impulse 1500 seconds. Boosted by 2 x R-11 derivative boosters. 6,500 km tested, 8,000 km specified, cruise at Mach 3.2 at 18-20 km altitude with 2,350 kg warhead. Flight tested 1957 - 1960. Wing area 60 square meters; diameter of ramjet inlet 1.7 m. Total missile mass 97,215 kg; gross masses prorated, empty masses estimated. More...

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use