Encyclopedia Astronautica

Glushko Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 1021.097 kN. Soyuz ST stage 1. In production. Update of RD-107. Little performance change from RD-107, changes may mainly relate to use of all-Russian components. Isp=310s. First flown 2001.

Application: unmanned Soyuz-launcher stage 1.

Chambers: 4. Oxidizer to Fuel Ratio: 2.47.

Status: In production.
Thrust: 1,021.10 kN (229,552 lbf).
Specific impulse: 310 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 264 s.
Burn time: 130 s.
Number: 76 .

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Soyuz ST Uprated Soyuz booster designed for commercial customers. Upgraded engines, modern digital avionics, reduced non-Russian content. Can be used with either Ikar or Fregat upper stages. The 'FG' was the military version. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Glushko Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Glushko Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/Kerosene Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. In January 1953 Rocketdyne commenced the REAP program to develop a number of improvements to the engines being developed for the Navaho and Atlas missiles. Among these was development of a special grade of kerosene suitable for rocket engines. Prior to that any number of rocket propellants derived from petroleum had been used. Goddard had begun with gasoline, and there were experimental engines powered by kerosene, diesel oil, paint thinner, or jet fuel kerosene JP-4 or JP-5. The wide variance in physical properties among fuels of the same class led to the identification of narrow-range petroleum fractions, embodied in 1954 in the standard US kerosene rocket fuel RP-1, covered by Military Specification MIL-R-25576. In Russia, similar specifications were developed for kerosene under the specifications T-1 and RG-1. The Russians also developed a compound of unknown formulation in the 1980's known as 'Sintin', or synthetic kerosene. More...

  • Haeseler, Dietrich, NPO Energomash exhibit at Moscow Airshow MAKS 93, Moscow, 1993 via Dietrich Haeseler.

Associated Stages
  • Soyuz ST-0 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 44,400/3,810 kg. Thrust 1,021.10 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 310 seconds. Gross mass includes 1190 kg of hydrogen peroxide and 280 kg of liquid nitrogen expended during ascent but not contributing to propulsion. More...

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