Encyclopedia Astronautica
RS-56-OSA



deltahf.jpg
Delta Engine In Test
Hot test firing of Delta RS-56 engine.
Rocketdyne Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 386.4 kN. Out of production. Designed for booster applications. Gas generator, pump-fed. Isp=316s. Sustainer engine for Atlas II, IIA, IIAS. First flight 1991.

Thrust (sl): 269.000 kN (60,473 lbf). Thrust (sl): 27,430 kgf. Engine: 460 kg (1,010 lb). Chamber Pressure: 48.00 bar. Area Ratio: 25. Propellant Formulation: Lox/RP-1. Thrust to Weight Ratio: 85.6521739130435. Oxidizer to Fuel Ratio: 2.25. Coefficient of Thrust vacuum: 1.77414206044677. Coefficient of Thrust sea level: 1.27414206044677.

Status: Out of production.
Unfuelled mass: 460 kg (1,010 lb).
Height: 2.70 m (8.80 ft).
Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft).
Thrust: 386.40 kN (86,866 lbf).
Specific impulse: 316 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 220 s.
Burn time: 283 s.
First Launch: 1988.
Number: 63 .

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Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Atlas II American orbital launch vehicle. The Atlas II booster was 2.7-meters longer than an Atlas I and included uprated Rocketdyne MA-5A engines. The Atlas I vernier engines were replaced with a hydrazine roll control system. The Centaur stage was stretched 0.9-meters compared to the Centaur I stage. Fixed foam insulation replaced Atlas I's jettisonable insulation panels. The original Atlas II model was developed to support the United States Air Force Medium Launch Vehicle II program. Its Centaur used RL10A-3-3A engines operating at an increased mixture ratio. The first Atlas II flew on 7 December 1991, successfully delivering AC-102/Eutelsat II F3 to orbit. More...
  • Atlas IIA American orbital launch vehicle. Atlas IIA was a commercial derivative of the Atlas II developed for the US Air Force. Higher performance RL10A-4 (or RL10A-4-1) engines replaced Atlas II's RL10A-3-3A engines. More...
  • Atlas IIAS American orbital launch vehicle. The Atlas II booster was 2.7-meters longer than the Atlas I and included uprated Rocketdyne MA-5A engines. The Atlas I vernier engines were replaced with a hydrazine roll control system. The Centaur stage was stretched 0.9-meters compared to the Centaur I stage. Fixed foam insulation replaced Atlas I's jettisonable insulation panels. Higher performance RL10A-4 or RL10A-4-1 engines replaced Atlas II's RL10A-3-3A. The Atlas IIAS model added four Thiokol Castor IVA solid rocket boosters (SRBs) to the core Atlas stage to augment thrust for the first two minutes of flight. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Propellants
  • Lox/Kerosene Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. In January 1953 Rocketdyne commenced the REAP program to develop a number of improvements to the engines being developed for the Navaho and Atlas missiles. Among these was development of a special grade of kerosene suitable for rocket engines. Prior to that any number of rocket propellants derived from petroleum had been used. Goddard had begun with gasoline, and there were experimental engines powered by kerosene, diesel oil, paint thinner, or jet fuel kerosene JP-4 or JP-5. The wide variance in physical properties among fuels of the same class led to the identification of narrow-range petroleum fractions, embodied in 1954 in the standard US kerosene rocket fuel RP-1, covered by Military Specification MIL-R-25576. In Russia, similar specifications were developed for kerosene under the specifications T-1 and RG-1. The Russians also developed a compound of unknown formulation in the 1980's known as 'Sintin', or synthetic kerosene. More...

Associated Stages
  • Atlas IIAS Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 161,950/6,050 kg. Thrust 386.30 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...
  • Atlas II Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 161,995/6,095 kg. Thrust 386.30 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...
  • Atlas IIA Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 162,495/6,595 kg. Thrust 386.30 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...
  • X-34A-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 29,500/6,700 kg. Thrust 386.30 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. Original design for two-stage reusable space launcher. Abandoned in favour of more modest X-34A technology demonstrator after industry refused to make significant investments in the concept. More...

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