Encyclopedia Astronautica
Belenos


Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore

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Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Belenos French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore More...
  • Belia French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Belisama More...
  • Grannos French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emilie + 1 x Melusine More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...

Belenos Chronology


1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. LV Configuration: Aurore 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: MNF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 November 18 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 May 8 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 11 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Grannos.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

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