Encyclopedia Astronautica
Female


Category of persons.

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Associated People
  • Barnes, Pancho Barnes, Florence Lowe 'Pancho' (1901-1975) American pioneering aviatrix, from 1928 a barnstormer, air racer, Hollywood stunt flier; pioneered new air routes into Mexico. Opened a desert flying dude ranch in the 1930's, later a legendary watering hole for Edwards AFB test pilots. More...
  • Bredt Bredt, Irene (1911-1983) German engineer. Wife of Eugen Saenger and co-designer of the Silverbird spaceplane More...
  • Reitsch Reitsch, Hanna (1912-1979) German test pilot. Famed German aviatrix, glider and test pilot during WW2. She flew the womanned version of the V-1 cruise missile More...
  • Tannhaeuser, Rosemarie Tannhaeuser, Rosemarie (1919-) German manager. Member of the German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Secretary who worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked as Secretary in Dept. 61/Shop 55. More...
  • Hart, Jane Hart, Jane Briggs (1920-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Neumeister, Lisa Neumeister, Lisa (1920-) Wife of a German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked as a translator for rocket engine developers in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. More...
  • Hixson Hixson, Jean (1922-1984) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Cagle, Myrtle Cagle, Myrtle K Thompson (1922-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Steadman Steadman, Bernice Trimble (1923-) American pilot, winner of many awards and races, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Leverton Leverton, Irene (1924-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Dietrich, Marion Dietrich, Marion (1926-1974) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female pilots declared fit for astronaut duty in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Dietrich Dietrich, Jan (1926-2008) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Truhill Truhill, Geraldine 'Jerri' (1927-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Allison Allison, Rhea Hurrle nee Woltman (1928-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Gorelick Gorelick, Sarah Lee nee Ratley (1931-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Cobb Cobb, Geraldyne M 'Jerrie' (1931-) American pilot, holder of four aviation records, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Popovich, Marina Popovich, Marina Lavrentrevna Vasliyevna (1931-) Russian engineer at Antonov, VVS officer and test pilot, holder of 13 aviation world records, wife of cosmonaut Pavel Popovich, world-renowned UFO expert. More...
  • Ponomaryova Ponomaryova, Valentina Leonidovna (1933-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. Was married to astronaut Yuri Ponomaryov. More...
  • Stumough Stumough, Gene Nora (1937-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Tereshkova Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna (1937-) Russian cosmonaut. First woman in space, aboard Vostok 6. But the flight was propaganda and future spaceflight opportunities did not develop. Was married to cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. Later a leading Communist politician. More...
  • Solovyova Solovyova, Irina Bayanovna (1937-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Prinz Prinz, Dr Dianne Kasnic (1938-2002) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985. More...
  • Funk Funk, Mary Wallace 'Wally' (1939-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Yerkina Yerkina, Zhanna Dmitriyevna (1939-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Kuznetsova Kuznetsova, Tatyana Dmitryevna nee Pitskhelauri (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Lucid Lucid, Dr Shannon Matilda Wells (1943-) American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, Mir NASA-1. Biochemist, first American woman to make a long-duration space station mission. More...
  • Bondar Bondar, Roberta Lynn (1945-) Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist. More...
  • Hughes-Fulford Hughes-Fulford, Dr Millie Elizabeth (1945-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. Biochemist. US Army More...
  • Johnston Johnston, Mary Helen (1945-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1985. More...
  • Cleave Cleave, Dr Mary Louise (1947-) American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-30. Engineer. More...
  • Pozharskaya Pozharskaya, Dr Larisa Grigoryevna (1947-2002) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Dobrokvashina Dobrokvashina, Dr Yelena Ivanovna (1947-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP. More...
  • Seddon Seddon, Dr Margaret Rhea (1947-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58. Physician. Was married to astronaut Robert Lee (Hoot) Gibson. More...
  • Savitskaya Savitskaya, Svetlana Yevgenyevna (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Salyut 7 EP-4. Test pilot, engineer, second woman in space. First woman to walk in space. More...
  • McAuliffe McAuliffe, Sharon Christa Corrigan (1948-1986) American teacher payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Was to have been the first teacher in space. Died in Challenger accident. More...
  • Dunbar Dunbar, Dr Bonnie Jeanne (1949-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89. Engineer. Was married to astronaut Ronald Sega. More...
  • Resnik Resnik, Dr Judith Arlene 'JR' (1949-1986) Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-L. Engineer. Died in Challenger accident. More...
  • Fisher Fisher, Dr Anna Lee Tingle (1949-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family. More...
  • Ivanova Ivanova, Yekaterina Aleksandrowna (1949-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...
  • Ivins Ivins, Marsha Sue (1951-) Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-46, STS-62, STS-81, STS-98. NASA flight engineer. More...
  • Ride Ride, Dr Sally Kristen (1951-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-41-G. Physicist, first American woman in space. Was married to astronaut Steven Alan Hawley. More...
  • Omelchenko Omelchenko, Svetlana Oktyabrevna (1951-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Sullivan Sullivan, Dr Kathryn Dwyer 'Kathy' (1951-) American geologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-31, STS-45. Geologist, first American woman to walk in space. As of 1999 Ms Sullivan was Director of the Center of Science and Industry in Columbus, Ohio. More...
  • Morgan Morgan, Barbara Radding 'Barby' (1951-) American teacher mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-118. Teacher. More...
  • Dyson Dyson, Esther (1951-) American cosmonaut, 2008-2009. Internet entrepreneur, daughter of physicist and space visionary Freeman Dyson. Internet entrepreneur who paid $ 3 million to train as back-up to Charles Simonyi as a space tourist aboard Soyuz TMA-14. More...
  • Wigbels Wigbels, Lyn (1951-) American NASA manager for international affairs, 1979-on. More...
  • Mukai Mukai, Chiaki (1952-) Japanese physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-95. Surgeon, first Japanese female astronaut. More...
  • Godwin Godwin, Dr Linda Maxine (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108. Physicist. Was married to astronaut Steven Nagel. More...
  • Sudarmono, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Pratiwi Pujilestari (1952-) Indonesian biologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985. Microbiologist. Later research scientist at the University of Dyakarta. Advisor for Bandung Institute of Technology. More...
  • Thornton Thornton, Dr Kathryn Ryan Cordell 'Kathy' (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73. More...
  • Zakharova Zakharova, Dr Tamara Sergeyevna (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1995. Was married to cosmonaut Yuri Sheffer. More...
  • Pronina Pronina, Irina Rudolfovna (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. More...
  • Baker Baker, Ellen Louise Shulman (1953-) Jewish-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-34, STS-50, STS-71. Physician. More...
  • Klyushnikova Klyushnikova, Dr Olga Nikolayevna (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1979-1986. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Did not complete training, when the government commission did not confirm his selection. More...
  • Davis Davis, Dr Nancy Jan (1953-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-60, STS-85. Engineer, was married to astronaut Mark Lee, part of first married couple to fly in space together. More...
  • Latysheva Latysheva, Irina Dmitriyevna (1953-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1980-1993. More...
  • Weaver Weaver, Carol Lynn Belt (1953-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989. More...
  • Roberts Roberts, Katherine Eileen Sparks (1954-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987. More...
  • Amelkina Amelkina, Dr Galina Vasilyevna (1954-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1983. More...
  • Bruemmer Bruemmer, Renate Luise (1955-) Swiss engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. Meterologist. More...
  • Voss, Janice Voss, Dr Janice Elaine (1956-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99. Engineer. More...
  • Jemison Jemison, Dr Mae Carol (1956-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47. Physician. First African-American woman to fly in space. More...
  • LaComb LaComb, Maureen Cecil (1956-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1990. More...
  • Collins, Eileen Collins, Eileen Marie 'Mom' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-63, STS-84, STS-93, STS-114. US Air Force test pilot, first female shuttle pilot and first female spacecraft commander. More...
  • Kuleshova Kuleshova, Natalya Dmitriyevna (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute named after Grigori (Sergo) K. Ordzhonikidze, 1978. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. From 1992 she worked as an engineer at NPO Energia, Department 292. More...
  • Kondakova Kondakova, Yelena Vladimirovna (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-17, STS-84. Engineer, first Russian woman to fly in space for other than propaganda reasons. Was married to astronaut Valeriy Ryumin. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Andre-Deshays Haignere, Claudie nee Andre-Deshays (1957-) French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere. More...
  • Helms Helms, Susan Jane (1958-) American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, ISS EO-2. More...
  • Ochoa Ochoa, Dr Ellen Lauri (1958-) Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-56, STS-66, STS-96, STS-110. Engineer. More...
  • Currie Currie, Nancy Jane nee Sherlock (1958-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109. US Army engineer. More...
  • Cagle Cagle, Yvonne Darlene (1959-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1996-on. More...
  • Jernigan Jernigan, Dr Tamara Elizabeth 'Tammy' (1959-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40, STS-52, STS-67, STS-80, STS-96. Astronomer. Was married to astronaut Jeff Wisoff. More...
  • Gromova Gromova, Mirya (-1959) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Soviet test pilot said to have flown a 'space airplane' into oblivion 1959.12. No evidence ever surfaced in post-Glasnost Russia to back up the claim. More...
  • Lawrence Lawrence, Wendy Barrien (1959-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114. US Navy ocean engineer. More...
  • Kavandi Kavandi, Dr Janet Lynn (1959-) American chemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-91, STS-99, STS-104. Chemist. More...
  • Hire Hire, Kathryn Patricia 'Kay' (1959-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-130. US Navy aviator; first woman assigned to a combat aircrew. More...
  • Whitson Whitson, Peggy Annette (1960-) American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-5, ISS EO-16. Biochemist, first female space station commander, American and female record for cumulative days in space, female record for number of spacewalks. 376 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Walpot Walpot, Heike (1960-) German physician payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. More...
  • Merchez Merchez, Marianne (1960-) Belgian physician cosmonaut, 1992-1995. Was married to astronaut Maurizio Cheli. More...
  • Tittle Tittle, Theresa Mary Stevens (1960-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988. Graduated in operations research from the USAF Academy, 1982. US Air Force operations specialist, stationed in the Pentagon. Later a Shuttle Flight Controller at the JSC. More...
  • Coleman Coleman, Dr Catherine Grace 'Cady' (1960-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73, STS-93, ISS EO-26. US Air Force engineer. More...
  • Clark Clark, Laurel Blair Salton (1961-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Physician. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry. More...
  • Ludmila Ludmila (-1961) Russian phantom cosmonaut, claimed by Judica-Cordiglia brothers to have died in space in 1961 - or 1963. More...
  • Chawla Chawla, Dr Kalpana (1961-2003) Indian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-107. She perished with the rest of the crew of the shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003. More...
  • Melroy Melroy, Pamela Ann (1961-) American test pilot astronaut 1995-2009. Flew on STS-92, STS-112, STS-120. Grew up in Pittsford, New York. US Air Force test pilot. More...
  • Kilrain Still-Kilrain, Susan Leigh (1961-) Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. US Navy test pilot. More...
  • Kvasova Kvasova, Vera Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 the selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Borzenkova Borzenkova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. In March 1962 selected as cosmonaut, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. More...
  • Sokolova Sokolova, Marina Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Pilot. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but on 3 March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. In 1965 she set the world speed record for a female pilot while flying a MIG-21. More...
  • Solovova Solovova, Ludmilla Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Yefremova Yefremova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. More...
  • Weber Weber, Dr Mary Ellen (1962-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-70, STS-101. Chemist. More...
  • Kyzhelnaya Kyzhelnaya, Nadezda Vasilyevna (1962-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1994-2004. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Stott Stott, Nicole Marie Passonno (1962-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Stefanyshyn-Piper Stefanyshyn-Piper, Heidemarie Martha (1963-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1996-2009. Flew on STS-115, STS-126. Engineer. More...
  • Hilliard Robertson, Patricia Consolatrix nee Hilliard (1963-2001) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2001. More...
  • Nowak Nowak, Lisa Marie Caputo (1963-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121. US Navy test pilot. More...
  • Sharman Sharman, Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' (1963-) British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut. More...
  • Payette Payette, Julie (1963-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-127. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut. More...
  • Higginbotham Higginbotham, Joan Elizabeth Miller (1964-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116. Engineer. More...
  • Kikuchi Kikuchi, Ryoko (1964-) Japanese journalist cosmonaut, 1989-1990. Graduated from the University of Tokyo in Chinese language Journalist, Tokyo Broadcasting Corporation. Reporter for world news with TBS, reporting from Moscow and then again from Tokyo. More...
  • Magnus Magnus, Sandra Hall (1964-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, ISS EO-18-1. More...
  • Walker, Shannon Walker, Shannon (1965-) American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on. More...
  • Williams Williams, Sunita Lyn 'Suni' (1965-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-14-1. US Navy test pilot. Grew up in Needham, Massachusetts. More...
  • Ansari Ansari, Anousheh nee Raissyan (1966-) Iranian-American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-11. First female space tourist. First Iranian in space. More...
  • Wilson Wilson, Stephanie Diana (1966-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-120, STS-131. Engineer. More...
  • Boggess Boggess, Nancy Weber American scientist. Worked at NASA on IRAS and COBE infrared satellites. More...
  • Caldwell Dyson Caldwell, Tracy Ellen (1969-) American chemist mission specialist astronaut. Chemist. Flew on STS-118, ISS EO-23. More...
  • Nyberg Nyberg, Karen Lujean (1969-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-124. Engineer. More...
  • Adamchuk Adamchuk, Nadezhda Ivanyeva (1970-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. Botanist. More...
  • Yamazaki Yamazaki, Naoko (1970-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. NASDA More...
  • McArthur, Megan McArthur, Katherine Megan (1971-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. More...
  • Metcalf-Lindenburger Metcalf-Lindenburger, Dorothy Marie 'Dottie' (1975-) American teacher mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on. More...
  • Gromushkina Gromushkina, Nataliya Valerievna (1975-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1998-2001. Actress, selected to appear in a film to be filmed aboard the Mir space station. Accomplished some training, but the project was cancelled. More...
  • Serova Serova, Elena Olegovna (1976-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on.Wife of Mark Serov (2003 selection group) Graduate of MAI. Worked in TsUP Flight Control Center. More...
  • Yi So-yeon Yi So-yeon (1978-) Korean engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-14. First Korean in space. More...

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