Encyclopedia Astronautica
IIAE Orion


Family of launch vehicles.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Orion-1 Argentinan sounding rocket. Technology test vehicle, used to verify rocket motor and technologies for Orion-2 sounding rocket. More...
  • Orion-2 Argentinan sounding rocket. Single-stage solid-propellant sounding rocket first launched in 1965. The rocket could reach a top speed of 548 m/s. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tartagal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 16 launches in 1966, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Mar Chiquita Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 69 launches from 1968 to 1976, reaching up to 430 kilometers altitude. More...

IIAE Orion Chronology


1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-1. LV Configuration: Orion-1 No. 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 May 19 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 July 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-1. LV Configuration: Orion-1 No. 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 August 13 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 September 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 November 9 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Tartagal. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 6 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67-2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 AER 1/67-3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 1/67.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1967 December 16 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 2/67.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1968 January 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Rad 2/68.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 May 28 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 26.
  • Biological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 August 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 27.
  • Biological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 August 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 No. 31.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 May 3 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Chemical release / fields mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1971 December 19 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Campus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

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