Encyclopedia Astronautica
Mercury 13 - 1961


Group of 13 female pilots who passed astronaut physical testing in 1961 to prove that women were also qualified for spaceflight. NASA never considered them, maintaining that astronauts had to be qualified test pilots (all of whom were white males). Nickname: The Mercury Thirteen

AKA: Mercury Thirteen.

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Associated People
  • Hart, Jane Hart, Jane Briggs (1920-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Cagle, Myrtle Cagle, Myrtle K Thompson (1922-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Hixson Hixson, Jean (1922-1984) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Steadman Steadman, Bernice Trimble (1923-) American pilot, winner of many awards and races, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Leverton Leverton, Irene (1924-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Dietrich, Marion Dietrich, Marion (1926-1974) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female pilots declared fit for astronaut duty in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Dietrich Dietrich, Jan (1926-2008) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Truhill Truhill, Geraldine 'Jerri' (1927-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Allison Allison, Rhea Hurrle nee Woltman (1928-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Gorelick Gorelick, Sarah Lee nee Ratley (1931-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Cobb Cobb, Geraldyne M 'Jerrie' (1931-) American pilot, holder of four aviation records, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Stumough Stumough, Gene Nora (1937-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...
  • Funk Funk, Mary Wallace 'Wally' (1939-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training. More...

See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...

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