Encyclopedia Astronautica
MR-12



ymr12kam.jpg
MR-12
Credit: © Mark Wade
The MR-12 sounding rocket was developed by the Soviet Union as a modern replacement for the MR-1 Meteo. It was a single stage solid rocket with a 170 kg payload. Payload section 1.55 m long, 0.445 m in diameter.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • MR-12 Russian sounding rocket. The MR-12 sounding rocket was developed by the Soviet Union as a modern replacement for the MR-1 Meteo. It was a single stage solid rocket with a 170 kg payload. Payload section 1.55 m long, 0.445 m in diameter. More...
  • MR-25 Russian sounding rocket. Version of the MR-20. More...
  • MR-20 Russian sounding rocket. Upper atmosphere Soviet sounding rocket, improved version of MR-12, but capable of lofting 135 kg to 250 km altitude. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Atlantic Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Atlantic accounted for 521 launches from 1947 to 1995, reaching up to 750 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kheysa Soviet arctic sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 1950 launches from 1957 to 1990, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sary Shagan Primary Soviet anti-ballistic missile test site. Known to have been used for 85 launches from 1958 to 2007, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests ran into the thousands. More...
  • Indian Ocean Launches from naval vessels at undocumented locations in the Indian Ocean accounted for 8 launches from 1967 to 1976, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Emba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches from 1967 to 1970, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...

MR-12 Chronology


1962 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M LKI.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Nuc test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 September 3 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 September 9 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 September 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 October 26 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1966 January 24 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 September 24 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 October 10 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Solar Ultraviolet/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 October 26 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1966 November 4 - . 15:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 November 23 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1966 December 1 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 December 6 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 December 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 February 3 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Airglow Solar / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1967 May 25 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 June 21 - . Launch Site: Emba. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 M-175.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 June 22 - . Launch Site: Emba. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 M-175.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 October 10 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 November 1 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ion composition Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 December 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • VV / RFMS / release Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1968 February 27 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 February 29 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1968 March 16 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1968 March 19 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 March 19 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1968 March 20 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 March 22 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ion composition Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ion composition Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1968 March 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1968 March 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 May 9 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 21.7 N x 33.3 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1968 May 11 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 May 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 May 12 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 May 16 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 May 17 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 May 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 May 21 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 May 22 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 May 30 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1968 May 30 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 June 6 - . 13:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 June 6 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 June 14 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 June 26 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1968 June 26 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 June 28 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1968 July 16 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1968 July 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1968 July 25 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1968 July 26 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1968 July 27 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 July 31 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Chemical release / plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 July 31 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Chemical release / plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 September 13 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 September 25 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1968 October 2 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 03:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1968 October 22 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ion composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 October 22 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1968 October 25 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1968 October 27 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 October 30 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 January 21 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 January 23 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 March 1 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 8 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 9 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 March 12 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 March 13 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 March 13 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 13 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 13 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 14 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 14 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 March 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1969 March 19 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 March 20 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 March 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1969 March 20 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 March 21 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 March 22 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1969 March 24 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 March 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1969 March 26 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 March 27 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 March 27 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 April 2 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 April 9 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1969 April 19 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 April 20 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 April 20 - . 15:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1969 April 21 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 April 21 - . 15:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 April 23 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 April 23 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 June 11 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1969 June 20 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1969 June 24 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 July 1 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 July 3 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 July 8 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 July 9 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1969 July 11 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 July 24 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 July 28 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1969 July 30 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1969 August 3 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1969 August 3 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 August 3 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 August 3 - . 05:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 August 3 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1969 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 October 11 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1969 October 14 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1969 October 18 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 October 18 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 October 21 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1969 October 24 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Particles - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 November 5 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 November 5 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1969 November 9 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 December 16 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1969 December 19 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969 December 19 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 December 24 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1970 February 12 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 February 12 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 13:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1970 March 1 - . Launch Site: Emba. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-25. LV Configuration: MR-25 M-250.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 March 1 - . Launch Site: Emba. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-25. LV Configuration: MR-25 M-250.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1970 March 6 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 21 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 April 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 23 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 April 23 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 24 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 April 26 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 June 26 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1970 July 1 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 July 3 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1970 July 6 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 July 6 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1970 July 6 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 July 7 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1970 July 8 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 July 9 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 July 14 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1970 July 23 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1970 July 24 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1970 July 25 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 July 26 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 July 26 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 July 26 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 August 4 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 August 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 August 5 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 August 10 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 August 10 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 October 20 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 October 21 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1970 October 21 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 October 21 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1970 November 27 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 December 18 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 December 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 December 22 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1970 December 22 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 December 28 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 December 29 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 13 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 13 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 14 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 15 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 17 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 18 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 26 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 29 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 March 29 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 April 2 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 April 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 April 22 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 1 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magnetic - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1971 September 1 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magnetic - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 15 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 25 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 25 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 September 27 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 1 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 1 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 1 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 1 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1971 October 2 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magnetic mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magneticmission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 9 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magnetic mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 20 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 November 3 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 November 7 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 M-180.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1971 November 24 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 1 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 6 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 6 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 11 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1971 December 14 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1971 December 16 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1971 December 26 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1971 December 26 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 26 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1971 December 26 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 27 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1971 December 31 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1971 December 31 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1971 December 31 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1971 December 31 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1972 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 January 5 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1972 February 21 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 February 21 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 March 4 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1972 March 4 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1972 March 4 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 March 8 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1972 March 20 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 M-180 (Mar 21?).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 October 25 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 November 23 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 December 22 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1973 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 May 29 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1973 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • FEYERVERK Active Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: IZMIRAN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1973 June 30 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 July 1 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 B-37.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 July 12 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 B-38.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 July 19 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 B-39.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 July 20 - . 06:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 B-40.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 9.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 8.
  • Eclipse control - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 10.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 15.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 September 15 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 X-141.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 X-142.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1973 October 23 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 08:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 November 28 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • D-75MG - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 December 7 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1973 December 7 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1973 December 25 - . 08:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 February 13 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • IPOCAMP? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 February 15 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 February 24 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 March 5 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1974 March 13 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1974 March 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1974 March 18 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1974 March 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1974 March 21 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 March 29 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 April 4 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1974 June 20 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 June 20 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 June 21 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 07:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 21 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 21 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 16 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 14 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 20 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 December 21 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 December 24 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 September 4 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 September 11 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1975 October 1 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1975 October 2 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1975 October 2 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 October 2 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1975 October 16 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 October 29 - . 14:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 October 31 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1975 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1976 February 29 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1976 March 3 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1976 March 4 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1976 March 7 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1976 March 8 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 March 17 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 March 18 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Chemical release/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 March 18 - . 08:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 August 18 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 18 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 19 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 20 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 20 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 20 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 20 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 20 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 21 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 35.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 November 1 - . Launch Site: Indian Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 S x 63.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 IOR?.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 December 7 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1976 December 8 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1977 January 27 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1977 February 9 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1977 February 10 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1977 February 13 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1977 February 21 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1977 February 24 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 6 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 7 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 13 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1977 March 16 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1977 March 16 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1977 March 17 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 18 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1977 March 18 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 24 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1977 March 28 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1977 March 28 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1977 March 29 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 March 29 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1977 March 29 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1977 April 6 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1977 April 6 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1977 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 September 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • IKO - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1977 October 4 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 October 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 January 11 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • STERETOP Active Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeron/Ionos - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 April 7 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1978 April 19 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1978 April 19 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 April 21 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 April 21 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 April 21 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 April 21 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 April 21 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 May 4 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1978 May 4 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1978 May 4 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma/Solar Ultraviolet/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1978 May 5 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1978 May 30 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 June 6 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1978 June 6 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1978 June 6 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1978 June 11 - . 01:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • JASPIC - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 June 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • JASPIC - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1978 June 24 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • JASPIC - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1978 June 26 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • JASPIC - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1978 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeron/Ionos - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeron/Ionos - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeron/Ionos - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 October 6 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma/Fields/Solar mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1978 December 1 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 February 8 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1979 February 23 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1979 March 6 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 March 10 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 March 13 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1979 March 17 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1979 March 26 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 March 31 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 April 5 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1979 April 7 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 April 11 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 April 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1979 June 15 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 August 7 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 August 10 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 August 22 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 October 18 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 October 25 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1979 December 19 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 December 20 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 December 26 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 December 27 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 MMR-12.
  • Ariel-4 Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aelita-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 November 21 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 November 25 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 17 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 18 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1981 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 February 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 March 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 March 18 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 18.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Plazma Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 April 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.0 N x 15.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1985 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 July 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 July 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 November 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 November 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 December 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 December 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 February 6 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • E field - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1997 January 31 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 AGRE (D75MG).
  • Flaksus-1 (Fluxus) Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN; APL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1997 February 5 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 AGRE (D75MG).
  • Flaksus-2 Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN; APL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

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