Encyclopedia Astronautica
MSBS


Family of French submarine-launched ballistic missiles.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • MSBS French intermediate range ballistic missile. More...
  • MSBS M1 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 901 + 1 x Rita I More...
  • MSBS M2 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 904 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • MSBS M4 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Submarine launched; MRV. Operational. 3 stage vehicle. More...
  • MSBS M45 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Improved M-4. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sea-launched Sounding rocket launched from a naval vessel at an undocumented location. 2001 launches from 1956 to 2008, reaching up to 35,820 kilometers altitude, fall into this category. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Bay of Biscay Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 4 launches from 1983 to 2005, reaching up to 800 kilometers altitude. More...

MSBS Chronology


1966? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 July 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO Test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 April 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V2.
  • V2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B2.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V3.
  • V3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B1.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A2.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A1.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V1.
  • V1 Vecteur operational test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V6.
  • V6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V5.
  • V5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V4.
  • V4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C3.
  • C3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V7.
  • V7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C2.
  • C2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C4.
  • C4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 June 11 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C1.
  • C1 Charge (RV) - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C7.
  • C7 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C8.
  • C8 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C6.
  • C6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C5.
  • C5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S610. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1976 April 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 March 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

1983 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 November 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 February 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BRET. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BRET. Launch Platform: S617. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

2001 April 17 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 4.
  • M51 Research and development (to CSG) test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2004 June 1 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 5.
  • ME-34 Teutates test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2005 February 1 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 6?.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2006 November 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 1.
  • M51 test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 2.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 November 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D launch.

2010 July 10 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

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