Encyclopedia Astronautica
Pioner



pioneru.jpg
Pioner
Credit: © Mark Wade
Mobile solid propellant intermediate range multiple warhead ballistic missile. Seen as an enormous threat to NATO. 405 launchers deployed by 1987 when the missile was banned by the INF Treaty.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • 15Zh45 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The missile was given a different DOD mod designation according to the number of warheads - Mod 1 for the single warhead version, Mod 2 for the triple warhead version. More...
  • Pioner Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Mobile solid propellant intermediate range multiple warhead ballistic missile. Seen as an enormous threat to NATO. 405 launchers deployed by 1987 when the missile was banned by the INF Treaty. More...
  • 15Zh53 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Development of a modernised version of the 15Zh45 IRBM began at the beginning of the 1980's. Flight trials either began in 1985 or were cancelled prior to their planned start in 1986. In 1988 the project was cancelled following the signature of the INF Treaty that banned intermediate range ballistic missiles. The missile (known to the Pentagon as both the SS-20 Mod 3 and the SS-28) would have had a range of 7500 km with a single warhead, or 5500 km with multiple warheads.

    Compared to the Pioner-U it used a larger launch container, a larger MIRV bus with greater accuracy. The KB Minsk Auto Factory developed a lighter, more comfortable crew cabin - important on constant field deployments. More...

  • 15Zh45UTTKh Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The UTTKh model featured improved accuracy, range, and MIRV dispersal spread. It was not given a separate DoD 'mod' number. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Pioner Chronology


1974 September 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 January 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 May 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 18 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

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