Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-27



r27.jpg
R-27
First flight 1967. Correct NATO code may be Serb; Sawfly was competitor. Development completed 1968.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-27 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight 1967. Correct NATO code may be Serb; Sawfly was competitor. Development completed 1968. More...
  • Zyb Russian zero-G suborbital launch vehicle based on surplus R-27 SLBM. Suborbital; 17-24 min zero G. Payload volume 1.5 cu. M. Payload 650 kg to 1800 km or 1000 kg to 1000 km. More...
  • R-27K Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. First flight October 1972. More...
  • R-27U Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Development completed 1973. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sea-launched Sounding rocket launched from a naval vessel at an undocumented location. 2001 launches from 1956 to 2008, reaching up to 35,820 kilometers altitude, fall into this category. More...
  • Nenoksa Primary missile testing range of the Russian Navy. Known to have been used for 22 launches from 1965 to 1997, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude, but the number of actual missile tests was in the hundreds. More...
  • Okhotsk Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches from 1981 to 2005, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. From 2009 offshore point used for launch of Volna SLBM's from submarines. More...

R-27 Chronology


1965 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb. LV Configuration: Zyb-Mod 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb. LV Configuration: Zyb-Mod 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 July 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Final OT operational test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Sprint Technology mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1992 December 9 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir Technology mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, but it was found that the experiment failed to function..

1993 December 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, the experiment was successful..

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