Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sergeant



m029.jpg
Sergeant
Credit: via Andreas Parsch
Single-stage solid-propulsion tactical ballistic missile developed for the US Army. Surplus rockets and the Sergeant's rocket motor (known commercially as Castor) became the basis for many sounding rockets.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Sergeant American single-stage solid-propulsion tactical ballistic missile developed for the US Army in 1956-1962. Surplus rockets and the Sergeant's rocket motor (known commercially as Castor) became the basis for many sounding rockets. More...
  • Sergeant 5-stage American test vehicle. Five stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sergeant + 1 x Lance + 1 x Lance + 1 x Recruit + 1 x T-55 More...
  • Shotput American test vehicle. Three stage vehicle consisting of 2 x Recruit + 1 x Sergeant + 1 x Altair More...
  • Castor-Recruit American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Castor + 1 x Recruit More...
  • Castor American suborbital launch vehicle. Single stage version. More...
  • Castor Lance American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Castor + 1 x Lance More...
  • Sergeant Hydac American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sergeant + 1 x Hydac More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • San Nicolas Military facility on the California Channel Islands, used for rocket launches in support of other missile tests from Vandenberg or Point Mugu. Known to have been used for 35 launches from 1957 to 2004, reaching up to 443 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Datil Military testing range, known to have been used for 3 launches in 1963, reaching up to 50 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...

Sergeant Chronology


1956 January 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1956 February 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1956 April 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1956 November 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1957 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1957 April 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1957 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-477 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1957 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-477 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Off-pad test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-477 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-500 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 October 28 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 1.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 January 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 January 16 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 2.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1960 February 27 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 3.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 4.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-500 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JPL-500 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 May 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 5.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Eng-Service Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 October 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor-Recruit.
  • CHECKMATE Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi). Test of the Los Alamos XW-50X1 60 kiloton nuclear warhead. Launch vehicle was a solid propellant XM-33 Strypi rocket with a Recruit booster stage. The warhead detonated at an altitude of 147 km, 66 km from Johnston Island. Observers on the island saw a green and blue circular region surrounded by a red ring. This faded in less than a minute. Blue-green streamers and pink striations developed that lasted half an hour. At this yield, even with the high altitude, extensive disruption of communications were not reported.

1962 October 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Tactical Field Fir. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 November 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Tactical Field Fir. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 March 18 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Deployability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 March 20 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Deployability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 March 21 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Deployability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 April 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 6.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi).

1963 May 13 - . Launch Site: Datil. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Off Range Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 May 14 - . Launch Site: Datil. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Off Range Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 May 16 - . Launch Site: Datil. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • Off Range test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 August 2 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 7.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1963 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 March 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 August 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • SIGS Test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 January 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 4300C. Launch Pad: 4300C. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor.
  • Marquardt Scramjet Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1970 October 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • SPED II re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1971 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1971 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1971 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1973 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1973 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1973 May 25 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor Lance. LV Configuration: Castor Lance CRL A44.320-01.
  • Infrared Radiometer Aeronomy infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 569 km (353 mi).

1973 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1974 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1974 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac. LV Configuration: Sergeant Hydac SH74-1.
  • Ballistic Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 January 9 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 March 12 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac. LV Configuration: Sergeant Hydac IC519.07-1B.
  • ICECAP 75A Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA; AFCRL. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor DNA EX531.43-1.
  • EXCEDE Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1975 June 13 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant S75-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PF-SGT-100 Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1975 August 7 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 October 30 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant EX530.90-1/S75-2.
  • PF-SGT-101 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant WA630.50-1.
  • Optical Track test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant EX630.42-1.
  • EXCEDE SWIR Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA; AFCRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 April 1 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant IC630.02-1A.
  • ICECAP 76 HIRIS Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA; AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1976 June 27 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1977 November 13 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant DNA IC730.09-1.
  • FWIF I Aeronomy / aurora / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac. LV Configuration: Sergeant Hydac DNA IC819.08-1.
  • MULTI-WIDEBAND Infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi).

1978 June 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant EX830.56-1.
  • Recovery test - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1978 November 13 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant DNA IC830.09-1A.
  • FWIF II Auroral Infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1978 December 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • DOT 1 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1979 September 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE LENT IV ABRES test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1981 February 5 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant GL A30.072.
  • FWIF IV Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1981 February 25 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE SLED test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1981 March 5 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE SLED test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1981 March 12 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE SLED test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1981 November 7 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant GL A30.175.
  • FWIF V Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1983 April 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant GL A30.276.
  • FWIF VI Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 17 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor Lance. LV Configuration: Castor Lance GL A44.362. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BEAM Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1994 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • MSTI-2 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 August 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • CEC Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JTF-95 MSTI Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DoD. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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