Encyclopedia Astronautica
Shahab



yshahabo.jpg
Shahab 3
From left to right: cutaway and exterior views of Shahab 3 stretched missile; probable appearance of an orbital launch vehicle version; orbital launch version as displayed in a model in Iran in 1998.
Credit: © Mark Wade
Iranian derivatives of North Korean Nodong 1 intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle.

On 7 July 2003 Iranian state radio reported that the final trials test had been conducted a few weeks earlier and the missile had been accepted by the military. It was also reported that the larger Shahab 4 missile had been cancelled, since the Shahab 3 had been provided with a greater payload in its place. Western sources indicated Russian technology was used in the improvement of the Shahab 3.

In November 2004 US intelligence sources stated that the version of the missile used in 2004 tests had been stretched 15% and equipped with a larger payload fairing, indicating possible preparations for the long-announced Iranian indigenous satellite launch. A stretched Shahab-3 with improved performance, topped with two upper stages, would be equivalent to the French Diamant launcher of the 1960's. It would certainly be capable of orbiting the 60 kg Mesbah satellite mentioned in the press, and possibly the 170 kg mentioned for the follow-on satellite.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Omid Iranian technology satellite. 2 launches, 2008.08.16 (Omid) and 2009.02.02. First Iranian-built, Iranian-launched satellite. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Shahab 4 Iranian missile said to be derived from Soviet-era R-12 intermediate range ballistic missile and having a 1400 kg payload. Was to have been the basis for an Iranian space launcher, then abandoned in 2003 in favor of development of the Shahab 3 for the role. More...
  • Shahab 3 Iranian intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance from initial copy of North Korean Nodong 1 into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. Initial version began flight tests in 1998. More...
  • Shahab 3 Iranian intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance from initial copy of North Korean Nodong 1 into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. Initial version began flight tests in 1998. More...
  • Safir-2 Iran's first orbital launch vehicle, based on the Shahab 3 intermediate range ballistic missile with upper stages. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sriharikota India's primary space launch center, located on the east coast of the peninsula with a firing sector over the Bay of Bengal. In use from 1971 to present. More...
  • Emamshahr Iranian military testing range. In use for flight test of the Shahab 3 IRBM from 1998. More...
  • Semnan Launch site for Iran's Safir space launch vehicle. More...

Shahab Chronology


1997 February - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 4.
  • Russo-Iranian technical assistance in rocketry - . Nation: Iran. Israel provided US intelligence agencies with a copy of a $7 million contract between NPO Trud and Iran for equipment related to the R-12 IRBM. Other Russian contributions included wind tunnel, software, and mathematical modelling services from TsAGI, Polyus for laser gyro systems, and development of a solid-fuel capability.

1998 July 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1998 August - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian satellite launcher mockup exhibited - . Nation: Iran. Summary: Iranian television showed what appeared to be a mock-up of a clam-shell nosecone with a small satellite inside and a model of a space launch vehicle with a bulbous payload section, apparently based upon the Shahab 3 joint North Korean/Iranian IRBM..

2000 July 15 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab-3D. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 May 5 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 June 1 - . Launch Site: Emamshahr. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
2004 August 11 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 October 20 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2006 May 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab 3D test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 November 2 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian multiple missile firings - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). The Iranians fired at least one Shahab-3 and "dozens of" Shahab-2, Zolfaghar-73, Scud B, Fath-110 and Zelzal missiles in a mass firing demonstration to kick off their Great Prophet 2 military exercise. It marked the first firing of the Shahab 3 by troops on exercise as opposed to a test flight. The Shahab 2 was reported to have demonstrated a 1,400-bomblet cluster bomb warhead.

2006 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab 3 Sounding rocket.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 February 4 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2.
  • Iran tests satellite launcher. - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Summary: Iran's president tours new space launch facilities and a rocket is launched, said by some to be a test version of the Shahab satellite vehicle without operative upper stages..

2008 July 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Shahroud. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab 3 Ghadr 1.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

2008 August 16 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2. FAILURE: Second stage failed catastrophically..
  • Omid - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi). Iranian suborbital launch in support of development of an indigenous satellite launch capability. Western analysts claimed it was a failed satellite launch attempt, and that the second stage of the launch vehicle failed catastrophically at 152 km altitude.

2008 November 26 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2.
  • Kavoshgar-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Summary: Called Kavoshgar..

2009 February 2 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2. LV Configuration: Safir-2 s/n 2.
  • Omid - . Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Decay Date: 2009-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 33506 . COSPAR: 2009-004A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 55.5500 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: First Iranian satellite launched by an Iranian launch vehicle..

2009 September 27 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2009 September 27 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2009 September 28 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2010 February 3 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2. LV Configuration: Kavoshgar.
  • Kavoshgar-3 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Biology payload..

2010 August 20 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Qiam-1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Test mission..

2011 March 15 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2. LV Configuration: Kavoshgar.
  • Kavoshgar-4 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: R&D launch.

2011 June 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Safir-2.
  • Rasad - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Decay Date: 2011-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 37675 . COSPAR: 2011-025A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 55.7000 deg. Summary: Satellite with an imaging payload..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5. LV Configuration: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6. LV Configuration: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use