Encyclopedia Astronautica
Sonda



wvsb30.jpg
VSB-30
Credit: NASA
Brazilian sounding rocket family.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Sonda 1 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 1-1 + 1 x Sonda 1-2 More...
  • Sonda 3 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Sonda 2A More...
  • Sonda 3 M1 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Sonda 2M More...
  • Sonda 4 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x S-43 + 1 x Sonda 3-1 More...
  • VS-30 Brazilian sounding rocket. Single stage suborbital launch vehicle. More...
  • VS-30/Orion Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Orion More...
  • VSB-30 Brazilian two stage sounding rocket consisting of 1 x S-31 plus 1 x S-30. It replaced the British Skylark for suborbital flights from Kiruna. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cassino Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches in 1966, reaching up to 297 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...
  • SvalRak Sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 41 launches from 1997 to 2004, reaching up to 1108 kilometers altitude. This launch site, on the arctic archipelago Svalbard, provides unique conditions for rocket studies of the dayside polar cusp, cleft and cap. The site is ideal for scientific exploration of the dayside aurora and processes in the magnetospheric boundary layer. More...

Sonda Chronology


1965 April 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-3C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-10C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-15C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-11.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-13.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-16C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 February 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Serido test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1976 September 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi).

1977 March 31 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-03.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1977 October 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-04.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1978 April 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-05.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1978 September 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-06.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M2 XV-07.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-08.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1980 December 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-09.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1981 December 10 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 June 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-11.
  • BIME Test Flight test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-12.
  • GL A20.123-01 BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 525 km (326 mi).

1982 September 13 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-13.
  • GL A20.123-02 BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi).

1982 September 17 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-14.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1982 September 18 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-15.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-16.
  • Manicore Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi).

1983 October 31 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-01 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1983 November 14 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GL A20.327-02 (IMS) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1984 July 26 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-19.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi).

1984 November 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi).

1985 November 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-02.
  • GL A40.401 (HARP) test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi).

1985 December 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi).

1986 November 1 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-21.
  • INPE-003 / 86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi).

1987 November 8 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1989 March 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi).

1990 February 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-53.
  • Alcantara Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1990 November 26 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-54.
  • Manival Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1990 November 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-22.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 April 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-23.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-55.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1992 October 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-56.
  • Ponta de Areia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-57.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1993 November 17 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-25.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi).

1994 June 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-58.
  • Oituia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-26?.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1996 August 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1997 April 28 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-01.
  • DLR AL-VS30-223 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1997 October 12 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-02 RONALD.
  • DLR AL-VS30-226 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1998 January 31 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-03 RONALD 2.
  • DLR AL-VS30-229 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1999 March 15 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-04.
  • Operacao San Marcos Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

2000 February 6 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-05.
  • Lencois Maranhenses Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

2000 August 21 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion. LV Configuration: VS-30/Orion XV-01.
  • Baronesa Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: AEB; DLR. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

2000 December 9 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-30.
  • Alecrim Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

2002 May 12 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-31.
  • Parnamirim F2Glow-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi).

2002 November 23 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion. LV Configuration: VS-30/Orion XV-02.
  • Piraperna Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi).

2002 December 1 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-06. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cuma Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2004 October 23 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30. LV Configuration: VSB-30 XV-01.
  • Cajuana test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Unguided test launch. During the 45 seconds total burn time of both motors the vehicle was accelerated to a final velocity of 1676 m/s. The payload segment with an approximate weight of 400 kg was carried to an apogee height of almost 240 km, which was reached 252 seconds after lift-off. At T+650 seconds the payload landed 190 km northeast of the launch site in the ocean, only 700 meters from the nominal impact point.

2005 October 27 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SHEFEX Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.

2006 May 10 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 43 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Summary: The TEXUS 43 mission gave around six minutes of microgravity to the 407 kg payload contributed by five investigators from three different institutes.

2007 July 19 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cuma II Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

2007 December 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Angicos GPS technology mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2008 January 31 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ARR HotPay-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi).

2008 February 7 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 44 (EML-2) - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

2008 February 21 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • DLR TEXUS 45 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

2008 May 15 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

2008 December 5 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ARR ICI-2 - . Nation: Sweden. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite.

2009 November 22 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 46 - . Nation: Sweden. Summary: European and Japanese microgravity experiments.

2009 November 29 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 47 - . Nation: Sweden. Summary: Microgravity experiments.

2010 December 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30. LV Configuration: VSB-30 s/n V07.
  • MICROG 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Summary: Microgravity payload..

2011 March 29 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 49 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments..

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