Encyclopedia Astronautica
UR-100



ur100ba.jpg
UR-100 ICBM
Model of Chelomei's UR-100 ICBM.
Credit: © Mark Wade
The UR-100 lightweight ICBM was the Soviet answer to the US Minuteman and was deployed in larger numbers than any other in history. It remained an enigma outside of intelligence circles in the West until after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It allowed the Soviet Union to match, and then surpass the United States in strategic deterrent capability. As such it was Vladimir Chelomei's crowning legacy to his country.

Official go-ahead for development of the 8K84 was on 30 March 1963 (Russian sources say the 8K84 missile put into production was not related to Chelomei's original actual UR-100 design. However this correlation came into general acceptance retroactively). The decree called for a silo-launched missile that could be stored in a fuelled condition for at least five years as a 'certified round', ready to be launched at short notice. Submarine-launched and anti-ballistic missile versions of the missile were also to be designed, but no pad-launched variant was envisioned. Chelomei had already been working on the missile for several years, with tests of the planned radio-guidance system starting in 1962. The 15P784 silo was designed by Spetsmash.

Such was the urgency to overcome the massive US superiority in ICBM's, surveys were already underway to identify suitable sites for missile silos accessible by rail spurs. The teams consisted of geologic and geodesic specialists under the leadership of Yevgeniy Yevtigneyev. Their missions were so secret they used the cover and resources of Uralgaz and the leader could only identify himself as a 'general from Moscow'. The teams travelled by train, truck and horse to reach the potential silo locations. Construction of launch silos at the selected locations all over the Soviet Union began in 1964 even before the missile was tested. This was a huge industrial enterprise, the construction of the 1130 silos for the UR-100 and 308 for the R-36 occupying a peak workforce of 650,000 until 1973. Construction of these silos involved a total cost of one billion roubles and the removal of 120 million cubic metres of earth.

There was an enormous amount of completely new technology to be mastered. This included not just the sealed missile (which had to resist corrosive propellants 20,000 times more aggressive than those used previously for many years), but the integrated transport/storage container and silo ejection technique. Production of the missile itself was conducted at three factories -- the Khrunichev facility in Moscow; Factory 166 (later PO Polyot) in Omsk; and Factory 47 (later PO Strela) in Orenburg.

One prototype command point and ten missile silos were built at Baikonur for the flight tests. 60 trials flights were conducted from 19 April 1965 to 27 October 1966, with the first silo launch on 17 July 1965. The first regiments at Bershet and Drovyanaya became operational on 17 July 1966, before the test series was completed. 90 silos were operational by the end of 1966 and the missile and silo were accepted for military service on 21 July 1967.

In field deployment a single hardened command point controlled ten silos. The silos could resist an over-pressure of 20 atmospheres, equivalent to explosion of a one megaton bomb 1300 metres from the silo. Deployment rose to 540 by 1968, 840 by 1970, and 940 in 1961. By 1974 the peak of 1030 UR-100 silos were in operation. By that time 106 UR-100's had been launched in trials flights and another 54 flown from military bases. The last UR-100 was withdrawn from service in 1988. However UR-100's were replaced in their silos by UR-100M's, UR-100K's, UR-100N's, UR-100NU's, and even MR-UR-100's by another manufacturer, proving the worth of the containerised missile concept.

The UR-100 was the first Soviet ICBM with a three minute reaction time - from key turn to lift-off - a huge accomplishment for a liquid propellant vehicle. To make this reaction time possible the vehicle stayed fuelled throughout its guaranteed storage lifetime of five years (extended to first 8, then 10, then 17 years based on in-service tests). This was achieved by encapsulation of the missile in a container in which this missile stayed from production until launch. The container was designed by OKB-52 Filial 2, weighed 14.4 tonnes, had a diameter of 2.7 meters, and a length of 19.5 meters. The missile was mounted on rails within the container and internal plumbing necessary for start-up of the missile was sealed within the container.

The 8S816 first stage and 8S817 second stage were powered by Kosberg and Izotov engines, respectively. Since terminal velocity at the end of second stage burn was only 7.12 km/sec the UR-100 was never adapted for space launches. The missile was produced in three optional configurations (not modifications - only the payload was changed to convert from one configuration to another):

  • ICBM with range up to 11,000 km with a light (770 kg) warhead, re-entry vehicle designed by Kocaryats at VNIITF and warhead by Arazamas-16.
  • MRBM (up to 4000 km) with a heavy (1750 kg) warhead, designed at VNIITF with warhead by Chelyabinsk-70.
  • ABM vehicle 'Taran' with range not less than 2000 km

The guidance system by Kuznetsov and inertial navigation system by Pilyugin were designed to work with any of these configurations and the vehicle could be converted from one to another within 24 hours. Missiles could be programmed for launch plus or minus 30 degrees from their standard corridor. The Palma countermeasures suite by Gerasimenko at NII-108 was fitted to spoof enemy anti-ballistic missile defences.

Propellant tanks were constructed of AMG-6 aluminium alloy. The rocket was normally painted white, and the light warhead version had a strict conic shape. The heavy warhead was longer, but with the same base diameter. The first five launches of the missile from Baikonur used radio-inertial guidance with a radio-command correction system by Ryazinskiy. Later testing gave the military confidence that the pure inertial guidance was precise enough, and the radio receiver was removed in production models.

Work on the Taran ABM version began in 1962-1963. The concept was ingenious, in that offensive missiles could be turned into defensive missiles in response to changes in enemy posture. For use as an ABM the launch complex need some additional equipment and the missile carried a 10 megaton warhead. Incoming missile tracking for Taran would be provided by the TsSO-S radar system located 500 km from Moscow. Taran would be used with the shorter-range A-350 missile developed for the defence of Moscow as part of a layered defence. However Taran could defend, from a single basing area, the most heavily populated area of the Soviet Union, from Leningrad to Moscow. However after the fall of Khrushchev, Chelomei's patron, further work on the Taran system was abandoned.

In total, 12 Strategic Rocket Forces divisions were equipped with the various models of the basic UR-100 (UR-100, UR-100M, UR-100K, UR-100U). Production of these versions extended from 1964 to 1974. There were a total of 162 test and operational test launches of these models. Of these, 67 were tests of the UR-100U. UR-100 artefacts may be found at Orevo, which has a complete sectioned missile, and Baikonur, which has models and photographs.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • UR-100M SLBM Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100M designation was used for a naval version of the UR-100, developed by Chelomei in 1962-1964. This would fit in the Navy's D-8 launch system. It was rejected in favour of the R-29 from Makeyev, who became the Navy's traditional supplier of SLBM's. More...
  • UR-100 Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100 lightweight ICBM was the Soviet answer to the US Minuteman and was deployed in larger numbers than any other in history. It remained an enigma outside of intelligence circles in the West until after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It allowed the Soviet Union to match, and then surpass the United States in strategic deterrent capability. As such it was Vladimir Chelomei's crowning legacy to his country. More...
  • UR-100K Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100K was a version of the 8K84M with further improvements in accuracy and capable of delivering three separate (but not independently targeted) re-entry vehicles. More...
  • UR-100M Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The 8K84M was an improved version of the UR-100 with an improved empty mass fraction, a new guidance system, countermeasures capability, and post-boost manoeuvrability to defeat enemy anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • UR-100U Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100U was a development of the UR-100K with improved shock isolation in the silo. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

UR-100 Chronology


February 1963 - . LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: R-26.
  • Council of Fili - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev; Yangel; Chelomei; Brezhnev; Kozlov. The Soviet leadership reviewed missile development since the Pitsunda meeting. Both the Yangel R-26 and Chelomei UR-100 were proposed as small ICBMís to be put into mass production as a counter to the American Minuteman. The UR-100 was an ampulised missile with a guaranteed ten-year storage life. Yangel had not solved the problems of long-term storage of corrosive storable fuel yet. Therefore Khrushchev, supported by Kozlov and Brezhnev, selected the UR-100. A decree for mass production was issued on 30 May 1963.

1964 September 24 - . LV Family: N1; R-56; R-9; Tsiklon; UR-100; UR-200; UR-700. Launch Vehicle: R-26.
  • Khrushchev visits Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev; Yangel; Chelomei; Brezhnev; Smirnov; Ustinov; Korolev; Glushko; Gagarin; Belyayev; Leonov. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Voskhod; Berkut; LK-700. This was his last visit, just weeks before his overthrow. The Soviet leadership were shown the UR-100 and observed launches of the competing UR-200 and R-36. Khrushchev agreed with the decision to put the R-36 into production instead of Chelomeiís UR-200. He felt he couldnít turn down Yangel a third time after approving Korolevís N1 instead of Yangelís R-56 and Chelomeiís UR-100 instead of Yangelís R-26. Khrushchev decided to cancel Korolevís badly behind schedule R-9A, even though Smirnov and Ustinov insisted they wanted it in their arsenal (in May 1965, after Khrushchevís overthrow, this decision was reversed and the R-9A went into production).

    Khrushchev also visited a secret space fair, with Korolev, Chelomei, Yangel, and Glushko presenting their rockets and spacecraft. Chelomei presented his UR-700 heavy lift design as an alternative to Korolevís N1. This presentation was a surprise to Ustinov and Dementiev. Khrushchev ordered Chelomei to prepare a draft proposal for the design. Chelomei hoped that 12 to 18 months later, when the UR-700 draft project would be completed, the fallacy of Korolevís N1 design would be apparent to all. Korolevís N1 plans were also reviewed and approved at the meeting.

    Over the two days, Khruschev witnessed five launches of rockets by Korolev, Yangel, and Chelomei, all of them successful. Gagarin and Belyayev explained the Vykhod spacecraft to him, and Leonov donned a spacesuit and demonstrated how he would exit into open space form the inflatable airlock and return thereafter. All went very well.

    This was the last time Khrushchev saw the chief designers of the Soviet rocket industry. Despite his support for them not one of them visited him in his retirement.


1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 April 19 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC130. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. LV Configuration: UR-100 U106416-01.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 May 20 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 June 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 July 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. LV Configuration: UR-100 229420-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 July 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. Launch Pad: LC131?. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 September 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 September 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 November 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 November 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 December 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 December 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 June 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 August 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI Last operational test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Phase 1 state trials flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 July 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 July 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 December 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 February 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • First State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 February 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Last State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 June 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • Phase 1 state trials flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 September 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 October 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 October 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 September 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1975 September 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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