Encyclopedia Astronautica
VLS



vls.jpg
VLS Launch Vehicle
Brazilian VLS space launcher in its launch complex at Alcantara.
Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • SCD Brazilian communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1993.02.09 (SCD-1) to 1998.10.23 (SCD-2). Environmental data relay. More...
  • SACI Brazilian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.10.14 (SACI 1) and 1999.12.11 (SACI-2). INPE experimental scientific satellites; carried a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • VLS Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets. More...
  • VLS-R1 Brazilian all-solid test vehicle. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • VS-40 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x S-40TM + 1 x S-44 More...
  • VLM Brazilian satellite launcher using core of VLS only. Planned for launch of microsatellites. First launch 2002 or later. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

VLS Chronology


1985 December 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. LV Configuration: VLS-R1 VLS-R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1989 May 18 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. LV Configuration: VLS-R1 VLS-R2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1993 April 2 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VS-40. LV Configuration: VS-40 PT-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 950 km (590 mi).

1997 November 2 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V01. FAILURE: Destroyed during launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SCD-2A - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. COSPAR: F971102A. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: The SCD-2A (Data Collection Satellite 2A) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1998 March 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1999 December 11 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V02. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SACI-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SACI. COSPAR: F991211A. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Second attempted launch of Brazil's indigenous launcher..

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V03. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A. Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.
  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

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