Encyclopedia Astronautica
Buran 5



buranmir.jpg
Buran docks to Mir
As it was supposed to be - Buran docking with Mir space station.
Crew: Volk, Tolboyev. Cancelled Buran Flight 5 (3K1) would have been the first flight of the third orbiter. It would be the first manned Buran flight; the third orbiter was the first outfitted with life support systems and ejection seats. Backup crew: Zabolotski, Sultanov.

Buran Flight 5 (3K1) would have been the first flight of the third orbiter. It would be the first manned Buran flight; the third orbiter was the first outfitted with life support systems and ejection seats. Two cosmonauts would deliver the 37KBI module to Mir, using the Buran manipulator arm to dock it to the station's Kristall module. Final crew selection had still not been made at the time the program was cancelled. The original crew was Volk and Stankiavicius, with Levchenko and Shchukin as back-ups. Both Levchenko and Shchukin died in 1988; Bachurin and Borodai were selected as the new back-up crew. By July 1992 the Soviet Air Force and NPO Energia were still arguing about the final crew composition. The Air Force wanted all test pilot crews (those indicated) while Energia wanted to include a flight engineer in each crew. The Buran project was finally cancelled in June 1993 when further funding was deleted from the Russian space budget.

First Launch: 1994 Late or Early 1995.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Volk Volk, Igor Petrovich (1937-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-4. More...
  • Zabolotski Zabolotski, Viktor Viktorovich (1946-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1984-1997. Cosmonaut training September 1985 - 1987. Buran Test Pilot. Civilian test pilot at the Zhukovsky Flight Test Center of LII. More...
  • Sultanov Sultanov, Ural Nazibovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1996. More...
  • Tolboyev Tolboyev, Maghomed Omarovich (1951-) Avar (Dagestani)-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...

Associated Countries
See also
Associated Programs
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...

Buran 5 Chronology


1994 Late or Early 1995 - .
  • Buran 5 (cancelled) - . Crew: Volk; Tolboyev. Backup Crew: Zabolotski; Sultanov. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Volk; Tolboyev; Zabolotski; Sultanov. Program: Mir. Flight: Buran 5. Spacecraft: Buran. Buran Flight 5 (3K1) would have been the first flight of the third orbiter. It would be the first manned Buran flight; the third orbiter was the first outfitted with life support systems and ejection seats. Two cosmonauts would deliver the 37KBI module to Mir, using the Buran manipulator arm to dock it to the station's Kristall module. Final crew selection had still not been made at the time the program was cancelled.

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