Encyclopedia Astronautica
ISS EP-12


Space tourist mission of Hungarian-American billionare. Crew: Simonyi. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station.

Space tourist mission of Hungarian-American billionare Simonyi.

On June 26, 2006 the Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) and the Space Adventures Company (USA) concluded a contract for flight of the Hungarian-American Charles Simonyi as EO-12 spaceflight participant to the ISS Russian Segment. During the stay onboard the ISS Simonyi performed two scientific experiments for the European Space Agency.

Simonyi's formal activities aboard the Russian segment included:

  • Photo and video imagery for educational purposes.
  • Participation in three real-time video downlink sessions. two for video data download and one for a press conference with Hungarian journalists.
  • ONS Sigma software activities.
  • Pille-ISS radiation safety experiment. This involved acquisition of daily experimental data on value of the dose accumulated by Simonyi as indicated on 10 Pille-ISS dosimeters.
  • Matrix Z1 Experiment (operation of high definition video equipment operation in spaceflight).
  • ESA experiments SAMPLE (microbiological sampling from different surfaces of the ISS Russian Segment) and MUSCLE (assessment the astronaut deep-seated muscle atrophy in zero-G).
  • Amateur radio communication sessions.
Under Simonyi's contract he was allowed to bring 15 kg of materials up to the ISS and return 5 kg to earth.

First Launch: 2007.04.07.
Last Launch: 2007.04.21.
Duration: 13.79 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Simonyi Simonyi, Charles 'Karoly' (1948-) Hungarian-American computer scientist, space tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-12, ISS EP-16. Inventor of the Macintosh/Windows visual interface. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

ISS EP-12 Chronology


2007 March 2 - .
2007 March 16 - .
2007 March 23 - .
2007 March 29 - .
2007 April 6 - .
2007 April 7 - .
2007 April 7 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG 019.
  • Soyuz TMA-10 - . Call Sign: Pulsar. Crew: Yurchikhin; Kotov; Simonyi. Return Crew: Yurchikhin; Kotov; Muszaphar. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 220 / ISS-14S. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Simonyi; Yurchikhin; Kotov; Muszaphar. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 196.71 days. Decay Date: 2007-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 31100 . COSPAR: 2007-008A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Carried the Expedition 15 crew and space tourist Charles Simonyi to the International Space Station. Soyuz TMA-10 docked at the Zarya port of the International Space Station at 19:10 GMT on 9 April. It undocked from Zarya at 19:20 GMT on Sep 27 September and docked at the Zvezda port at 19:47 GMT to clear Zarya for Soyuz TMA-10.

    The EO-15 crew and EP-13 space tourist Shukor (brought to the station by Soyuz TMA-11) boarded Soyuz TM-10 and undocked from the Zvezda port at 07:14 GMT on 21 October. The re-entry burn began at 09:47 and was normal. But afterwards, due to failure of an explosive bolt, the Soyuz service module remained connected to the re-entry capsule. The Soyuz tumbled, then began re-entry with the forward hatch taking the re-entry heating, until the connecting strut burned through. The Soyuz the righted itself with the heat shield taking the heating, but defaulted to an 8.6 G ballistic re-entry, landing 340 km short of the aim point at 10:36 GMT. Improved procedures after the ballistic re-entry of Soyuz TMA-1 meant a helicopter recovery crew reached the capsule only 20 minutes after thumpdown. However the true nature of the failure was concealed from the world until the same thing happened on Soyuz TMA-11.


2007 April 9 - .
2007 April 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tyurin; Williams; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi; Kotov; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1; ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Two Expedition 15 cosmonauts spent much of the week in handover activities with their Expedition 14 predecessors. Their new crewmate, Sunita Williams who has been aboard the International Space Station for more than three months, also is helping them learn the ropes. Additional Details: here....

2007 April 20 - .
2007 April 21 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tyurin; Williams; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi; Kotov; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1; ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Summary: The 14th crew of the International Space Station, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin, along with spaceflight participant Charles Simonyi landed their Soyuz spacecraft in the steppes of Kazakhstan at 7:31 a.m. CDT Saturday.. Additional Details: here....

2007 April 21 - . 12:31 GMT - .
2007 April 27 - .
2008 March 8 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/08/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Drew; Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EP-12. Saturday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Eyharts except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    >>>Tonight's BIG EVENT: Launch of ATV Jules Verne (see Ascent Timeline below).

    For his second run with the NASA/JSC experiment NUTRITION w/Repository, FE-2 Eyharts completed the all-day session, collecting urine samples for 24 hrs (to continue through tomorrow morning) and blood samples (for Serum & Heparin). (Acting as operator and CMO (Crew Medical Officer), Peggy Whitson performed phlebotomy on Leo, i.e., drew blood samples (from an arm vein) which were first allowed to coagulate in the Repository, then spun in the HRF2 RC (Human Research Facility 2/Refrigerated Centrifuge) and finally placed in MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). The RC was later powered off after a temperature reset to limit wear on the compressor, and cleaned. Background: NUTRITION is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight; this includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile currently required on all U.S. Astronauts collects blood and urine samples preflight and postflight. NUTRITION expands this protocol by also capturing in-flight samples and an additional postflight sample. Furthermore, additional measurements are included for samples from all sessions, including additional markers of bone metabolism, vitamin status, and hormone and oxidative stressor tests. The results will be used to better understand the impact of countermeasures (exercise and pharmaceuticals) on nutritional status and nutrient requirements. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L), first started on two Mir crewmembers and then on all ISS US crews, nominally consists of two pre-flight and one post-flight analysis of nutritional status, as well as an in-flight assessment of dietary intake using the FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire). The current NUTRITION project has expanded MR016L testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 30 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/30/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Reisman; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-12. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Reisman except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    Ahead: Week 24 of Increment 16. Flight Control to Crew: 'Everyone at the ATV-CC (as well as MCC-M and MCC-H) could not be more pleased with how Demo Day 1 went!'

    From his voluntary 'job jar' task list, after wakeup and before breakfast FE-2 Garrett Reisman completed his third session with the SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment software for data logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Garrett wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days.) Additional Details: here....


2008 June 21 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/21/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Simonyi; Volkov, Sergey; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17; ISS EP-12; STS-122; STS-123. Saturday - lightened-duty day for CDR Volkov, FE-1 Kononenko and FE-2 Chamitoff.

    Today is Kononenko's 44th birthday.


    Happy Birthday, Oleg Dmitriyevich!

    Volkov & Kononenko completed a review of flight procedures plus the standard 3-hr. training drill for a Soyuz TMA-12/16S relocation from the DC1 Docking Module to the FGB nadir port, supported by ground specialists via tagup on S-band/VHF-audio. (Should 'Pirs' fail to repressurize after ingress of the two spacewalkers on 7/11, a relocation of the Soyuz, docked to the DC1 nadir port with FE-2 Chamitoff already safely locked out in the 16S Descent Module, would become necessary. In addition, for the relocation the three crewmembers and the spacecraft will have to be prepared for a return to Earth in the event of a no-docking contingency, and the station has to be configured for uncrewed operation (for which intense planning is underway at NASA, ESA, and TsUP-Moscow). Today's 3-hr. OBT (on-board training) included Soyuz procedures and data analysis for ascent/descent, orbital flight and relocation as contained in RODF (Russian Operations Data File) books, tag-up with instructor, OBT simulator work on the RSK1 laptop, etc. It is assumed that Soyuz activation would be performed on 7/11 over RGS (Russian Groundsite) on DO13 (Daily Orbit 13), closure of hatch on DO15, undocking from DC1 on DO2 (~5:28pm EDT on 7/11), flyaround (~5:34pm) and redocking at FGB at ~5:56pm (DO2).) Additional Details: here....


2008 June 22 - .
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