Encyclopedia Astronautica
ISS EP-14


Crew: Yi So-yeon. First Korean astronaut mission. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Ko San.

First Korean astronaut mission, flown under a South Korean government program begun in 2005. Two candidates were selected for training in Russia in December 2006, and Yi was flown to the International Space Station for a fee of $ 28 million.

Yi was originally named as backup for Soyuz TMA-12 on 5 September 2007, but replaced by original prime crew Ko San on 10 March 2008, less than a month before the flight, after he allegedly removed training materials to Korea. Yi was hit by Whitson's personal effects bag on impact of the Soyuz capsule after its ballistic reentry and required physical therapy for neck and spine injuries.

First Launch: 2008.04.08.
Last Launch: 2008.04.19.
Duration: 10.88 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Ko San Ko San (1976-) Korean scientist cosmonaut, 2006-2008. More...
  • Yi So-yeon Yi So-yeon (1978-) Korean engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-14. First Korean in space. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

ISS EP-14 Chronology


2007 October 21 - .
2007 December 16 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/16/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Sunday - EVA preparation day 1 for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Tani.

    Ahead: Week 9 of Increment 16.

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2007 December 19 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/19/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Today at ~5:30am EST, the ISS, specifically its FGB module, completed 52,000 orbits of the Earth, having covered a distance of 2.

    billion kilometers (1.37 billion st.miles) in 3316 days. The 19,300 kg (42,600 lbs) Zarya ('Dawn') was launched on a Russian/Khrunichev Proton from Baikonur over nine years ago (11/20/1998) as the first element of the multi-national space station.<<<<

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2007 December 20 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/20/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EP-14; STS-122. In preparation for the arrival of Progress M-62/27P on 12/26 (~3:25am EST), FE-1 Malenchenko and CDR Whitson successfully conducted the standard 3-hr. training course on the TORU teleoperated control system.

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2008 January 14 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/14/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Underway: Week 13 of Increment 16.

    CDR Whitson & FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: here....


2008 January 20 - .
2008 February 22 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/22/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Malenchenko; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EP-14. Upon wakeup, FE-1 Yuri Malenchenko terminated his tenth MBI-12 SONOKARD experiment session, started last night, by taking the recording device from his SONOKARD sports shirt pocket and later copying the measurements to the RSE-MED laptop for subsequent downlink to the ground.

    (SONOKARD objectives are stated to (1) study the feasibility of obtaining the maximum of data through computer processing of records obtained overnight, (2) systematically record the crewmember's physiological functions during sleep, (3) study the feasibility of obtaining real-time crew health data. Investigators believe that contactless acquisition of cardiorespiratory data over the night period could serve as a basis for developing efficient criteria for evaluating and predicting adaptive capability of human body in long-duration space flight.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 27 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/27/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-14; STS-122; STS-124; STS-123. Welcome back, Endeavour!

    STS-123/Endeavour returned to Earth last night after 15d 18h 11m in space, the longest Shuttle mission to ISS so far, touching down at KSC on the second opportunity at 8:39pm EDT, after 250 orbits & 6.6 million miles (first opportunity waived off due to cloud layer). (During the perfectly executed ISS 1J/AE mission, its seven-member crew conducted a record five EVAs, delivered & installed the JAXA JLP (Japanese Experiment Module Experiment Logistics Module Pressurized Section) and the Canadian SPDM Dextre, brought up new Expedition 16 crewmember Garrett Reisman and returned his predecessor Leopold Eyharts who spent 48 days in space (44 aboard the station). It was the 122nd flight of a Space Shuttle, the 25th Shuttle mission to visit the station, the 21st for Endeavour and the second of six Shuttle missions planned for 2008. Next up: STS-124/Discovery/1J on 5/25 with JAXA's JEM Pressurized Module 'Kibo', racks & the JEM RMS.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/01/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-14; STS-123. From the US voluntary 'job jar' task list, after wakeup and before breakfast CDR Whitson and FE-2 Reisman downloaded the SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data from their Actiwatches to the HRF-1 (Human Research Facility 1) laptop, changed the lithium battery in Peggy's Actiwatch and initialized both their watches.

    They also changed the battery of SFP (Space Flight Participant) Yi So-yeon's Actiwatch and initialized the unit for her. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, crewmembers wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by them as well as their patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days.)

    FE-1 Malenchenko began his activities with the routine checkup of DC1 (Docking Compartment) circuit breakers and fuses. (The monthly checkup in the 'Pirs' DC1 looks at AZS circuit breakers on the BVP Amp Switch Panel (they should all be On) and the LEDs (light-emitting diodes) of 14 fuses in Fuse Panels BPP-30 & BPP-36.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 3 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/03/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-14; STS-124. ATV1 'Jules Verne' docked successfully at the SM (Service Module) aft port at 10:45am EDT.

    SM hooks were closed at 10:56am. The docking was essentially a repeat of Demo Day 2 except for the final approach from S41 (~12m) to Contact and Hooks Closed. (The 19-ton unmanned ATV maneuvered from a holding position 39 km behind the ISS and conducted a 4-hour staged approach with several stops at reference points for checks. It autonomously computed its own position through relative GPS (Global Positioning System) data, comparing with GPS data received from ISS, and in close range it used VDM (Videometer) lasers pointed at LRRs (Laser Retroreflektors) on the SM for distance & orientation determination relative to its target. Final approach was at a relative velocity of 7 cm/s and with an accuracy of better than 10 cm. The cargo transport, which remains docked for the next four months, is delivering 1,150 kg of dry cargo, including food, clothes and equipment as well as two original manuscripts handwritten by Jules Verne and a 19th Century illustrated edition of his novel 'From the Earth to the Moon'. The cargo also includes 856 kg of propellant, 270 kg of drinking water and 21 kg of oxygen, to be transferred to the SM.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 7 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/07/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-14. Underway: Week 25 of Increment 16.

    This morning at 4:49am EDT, Progress M-63/28P successfully undocked from the ISS. All separation burns went off nominally, and the deorbit burn followed at 7:50am for destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean. This freed the DC1 Docking Compartment port for Soyuz TMA-12/16S docking on 4/10 at ~9:02am. (For the undocking, ISS attitude control was handed over to Russian MCS (Motion Control System) at ~2:55am and returned to U.S. momentum management at ~5:45am, still in earth-fixed LVLH (local vertical/local horizontal). During the undocking, the station was in free drift for ~9 min. Structural response data were taken by MAMS (Microgravity Acceleration Measuring System) and the external truss-mounted SDMS (Structural Dynamic Measurement System). The undocking was preceded at ~4:15am by a temporary shutdown of the amateur radio equipment in the FGB (Ericsson) & SM (Kenwood) to prevent radiofrequency interference with the departing Progress vehicle.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 10 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/10/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-122; STS-124. The ISS crew's work/sleep cycle shifted this morning, from wakeup at 2:00am to 5:00am EDT (sleeptime tonight at 9:30pm, from 5:30pm).

    Work period will shift again tomorrow (6:20am -5:50pm) and on 4/12 (2:10am -5:40pm).


    Yest kasaniya! Soyuz TMA-12/16S docked smoothly at the DC1 port at 8:57am EDT, five minutes ahead of time, with Expedition 17 crewmembers CDR Sergei Volkov and FE-1 Oleg Kononenko, plus Korean SFP (Spaceflight Participant) So-Yeon Yi, 14th Visiting Crewmember (VC). After about 1.5 hrs spent in Soyuz on pre-transfer activities, the crew opened hatches, followed by crew transfer, the traditional joyful welcome event and the installation of the BZV QD (quick disconnect) clamps by Volkov and Kononenko at ~12:10pm. (After successful "kasaniya" (contact), automatic "sborka" (closing of Soyuz & DC1 port hooks & latches) took place shortly thereafter (~9:07am) while ISS was in free drift. Attitude control authority had been handed over to the Russian MCS (Motion Control System) at ~5:25am and was returned to US CMG control at ~10:05am. For the 16S docking, Russian thrusters were disabled during Soyuz volume pressurization and clamp installation; they were afterwards returned to active attitude control (~12:30pm). Before hatch opening, the crew performed leak checks of the Soyuz modules and the Soyuz/ISS interface vestibule. They then doffed their Sokol suits and set them up for drying (~1:05pm), deactivated the Atmosphere Purification Unit (BOA) in the Descent Module (SA), replaced the Soyuz ECLSS LiOH cartridges, equalized Soyuz/ISS pressures, and put the spacecraft into conservation mode on ISS integrated power.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 13 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/13/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-124. Day 4 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Sunday. Ahead: Week 26 of Increment 16.

    The crew's work/sleep cycle again was adjusted slightly, from yesterday's wakeup at 2:20am to 2:10am EDT (sleeptime tonight at 5:40pm). Tomorrow, work period will be adjusted by 5 min (to 2:15am -5:45pm).

    Aboard ISS, the E16/E17 crew rotation/handover period went underway with full activity schedules for all six residents involved. Whitson, Volkov, Malenchenko and Kononenko had several hours crewtime between them for dedicated CDR/CDR & FE/FE handover activities. In addition, there are 'generic' handovers where crewmembers are scheduled together to complete various designated standard tasks. Additional Details: here....


2008 April 14 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/14/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Day 5 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Underway: Week 26 of Increment 16.

    The crew's work/sleep cycle again was adjusted slightly, from yesterday's wakeup at 2:10am to 2:15am EDT (sleeptime tonight at 5:45pm). Tomorrow, work period will again be adjusted by 5 min (to 2:20am -5:50pm).

    Aboard ISS, the E16/E17 crew rotation/handover period went underway with full activity schedules for all six residents involved. Whitson, Volkov, Malenchenko and Kononenko had several hours crewtime between them for dedicated CDR/CDR & FE/FE handover activities. In addition, there are 'generic' handovers where crewmembers are scheduled together to complete various designated standard tasks. Additional Details: here....


2008 April 15 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/15/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Kotov; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Day 6 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Day 188 in space for Peggy & Yuri.

    The crew's work/sleep cycle again was adjusted slightly, from yesterday's wakeup at 2:15am to 2:20am EDT (sleeptime tonight at 5:50pm). Tomorrow, work period will again be adjusted by 5 min (to 2:15am -5:45pm).

    Aboard ISS, crew rotation/handover activities continued for all six residents involved. Whitson, Volkov, Malenchenko and Kononenko had several hours scheduled between them for dedicated ('functional') CDR/CDR & FE/FE handover activities; in addition, there are 'generic' handovers where crewmembers are scheduled together to complete various designated standard tasks. Additional Details: here....


2008 April 16 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/16/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14. Day 7 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Day 189 in space for Peggy & Yuri.

    The crew's work/sleep cycle again was adjusted slightly, from yesterday's wakeup at 2:20am to 2:15am EDT (sleeptime tonight at 5:45pm). Tomorrow, work period will be adjusted again (to 2:00am -12:00pm).

    Aboard ISS, crew rotation/handover activities continued for all six residents involved. Whitson, Volkov, Malenchenko and Kononenko had several hours scheduled between them for dedicated ('functional') CDR/CDR & FE/FE handover activities; in addition, there are 'generic' handovers where crewmembers are scheduled together to complete various designated standard tasks. Additional Details: here....


2008 April 18 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/18/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-123. Day 9 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Day 191 in space for Peggy & Yuri.

    Last day before Soyuz 15S undocking, with the ISS crew on an irregular wake/sleep cycle:

    Sleep: 1:00am - 12:30pm EDT;
    Wake-up: 12:30pm - 4:45am (4/19); E16 departs @ 1:06am
    Sleep time for E17: 4:45am - 2:00am (4/20)

    The E16/E17 crew rotation/handover period is running down. Whitson, Volkov, Malenchenko and Kononenko are completing their joined crewtime for dedicated ("functional") CDR/CDR & FE/FE handover activities plus "generic" handovers where crewmembers are scheduled together to complete various designated standard tasks. Additional Details: here....


2008 April 19 - . 08:29 GMT - .
2008 April 22 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/22/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-122. FE-1 Kononenko performed major periodic replacements on the SM(Service Module)'s ASU toilet facility, changing out replaceable parts with new components, such as a sensor unit (A8A-9060), two receptacles (PR and MP), four hoses, a T-connector, an elbow fitting, an indicator, a filter insert (F-V), and the pretreat container (E-K) with its hose.

    All old parts were discarded as trash. The KTO waste container is being kept for ~7 days. The activity was supported by ground specialist tagup. (E-K contains five liters of pre-treat solution, i.e., a mix of H2SO4 (sulfuric acid), CrO3 (chromium oxide, for oxidation and purple color), and H2O (water). The pre-treat liquid is mixed with water in a dispenser (DKiV) and used for toilet flushing.)

    In the US Lab, after inspecting, activating & configuring the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox) facility, FE-2 Reisman initiated a new series of vacuum draws on the sample chamber by opening the vent and vacuum valves in preparation for CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2) experiment ops on 4/24. After configuring the EMCS for water reservoir replacement, Reisman then replaced the water reservoirs on both rotors and set EMCS switches to allow ground commanding of the facility. The setup was photo documented. (CSLM-2 examines the kinetics of competitive particle growth within a liquid matrix. During this process, small particles shrink by losing atoms to larger particles, causing the larger particles to grow (coarsen) within a liquid lead/tin matrix. This study defined the mechanisms and rates of coarsening that govern the manufacture with metals from turbine blades to dental amalgam fillings.) Additional Details: here....


2008 April 24 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/24/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-123. Before breakfast and exercise, CDR Volkov and FE-1 Kononenko completed their first session with the periodic Russian MedOps test "Hematokrit" (MO-10), which measures the red cell count of the blood, with FE-2 Reisman acting as CMO (Crew Medical Officer, Russian: Examiner).

    (The blood samples were drawn from a finger with a perforator lancet, then centrifuged in two microcapillary tubes in the M-1100 kit's minicentrifuge, and its hematocrit value was read off the tubes with a magnifying glass. It is a well-known phenomenon of space flight that red blood cell count (normal range: 30-45%) tends to go down over time. After the exam, the data were saved in the IFEP software (In-Flight Examination Program) on the MEC (Medical Equipment Computer), and Kononenko stowed the equipment.) Additional Details: here....


2008 June 18 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/18/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14. Today 25 years ago (June 18, 1983), Sally K. Ride became the first US woman to orbit the Earth.

    Launched on STS-7/Challenger, 32 years old at that time, she and her crew (CDR Bob Crippen) spent 6d 2h 23m in space.

    Before breakfast & first exercise, Volkov, Kononenko and Chamitoff completed a full session with the Russian crew health monitoring program's medical assessment MO-9/Biochemical Urinalysis. Afterwards, the FE-1 closed out and stowed the Urolux hardware. (MO-9 is conducted every 30 days (and also before and after EVAs) and is one of five nominal Russian medical tests adopted by NASA for U.S. crewmembers for IMG PHS (Integrated Medical Group/Periodic Health Status) evaluation as part of the "PHS/Without Blood Labs" exam. The analysis uses the sophisticated in-vitro diagnostic apparatus Urolux developed originally for the Mir program. Afterwards, the data are entered in the MEC (Medical Equipment Computer)'s special IFEP software (In-Flight Examination Program).) Additional Details: here....


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