Encyclopedia Astronautica
ISS EP-4


Crew: De Winne, Lonchakov, Zalyotin. First flight of the Soyuz TMA spacecraft. Belgian astronaut. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Lazutkin.

Launch delayed from October 22, 28 pending investigation of causes of failure of another Soyuz booster on 15 October. Soyuz-TMA 1 was a Russian automatic passenger craft. It carried the EP-4 visiting crew of three astronauts (two Russians and one Belgian) to automatically dock with the International Space Station (ISS). This was the first flight of the new Soyuz-TMA model. It was to remain parked at the ISS as the escape craft, relieving the Soyuz TM-34. The crew conducted several microgravity experiments on the ISS during their 10-day stay before returning in Soyuz TM-34.

Soyuz TMA-1 docked with the Pirs module at 0501 UTC on November 1. On November 9 the EP-4 crew boarded Soyuz TM-34 and undocked from the Zarya nadir port at 2044 UTC, leaving Soyuz TMA-1 for the resident crew. Soyuz TM-34 landed in Kazakstan at 0004 UTC on November 10. Following the grounding of the shuttle fleet after the Columbia disaster, Soyuz TMA-1 became the lifeboat for return of the EO-6 crew of Bowersox, Budarin, and Pettit. Following the arrival of the EO-7 skeleton crew to keep the station in operation, the EO-6 crew readied the TMA-1 for landing. They undocked from the ISS at 22:40 GMT on 2 May. This marked the first return of American astronauts in a Soyuz capsule (though several had ridden Soyuz capsules to the Mir station). During the re-entry, the first for the Soyuz TMA-1 model, the guidance failed and the capsule reverted to a rolling ballistic re-entry. This subjected the crew to over 8 G's during re-entry, as opposed to the 3 G's of a normal Soyuz lifting re-entry. It also resulted in a landing 460 km short of the target, and a delay of over two hours before recovery forces arrived at the capsule.

AKA: Soyuz TMA-1; ISS-5S; Yenisei.
First Launch: 2002.10.30.
Last Launch: 2002.11.10.
Duration: 10.87 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Budarin Budarin, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-19, Mir EO-25, ISS EO-6. Made nine spacewalks totalling 1.93 days. 444 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Pettit Pettit, Donald Roy (1955-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-6, STS-126. First NASA astronaut to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft. More...
  • Bowersox Bowersox, Kenneth Duane 'Ken' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, ISS EO-6. More...
  • Lazutkin Lazutkin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-23. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO. More...
  • De Winne De Winne, Frank (1961-) Belgian physician astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-4, ISS EO-20. More...
  • Zalyotin Zalyotin, Sergey Viktorovich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-28, ISS EP-4. More...
  • Lonchakov Lonchakov, Yuri Valentinovich (1965-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

ISS EP-4 Chronology


2002 October 30 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG E15000-004.
  • Soyuz TMA-1 - . Call Sign: Yenisey. Crew: Zalyotin; De Winne; Lonchakov. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 211. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zalyotin; De Winne; Lonchakov. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EP-4. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 185.96 days. Decay Date: 2003-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 27552 . COSPAR: 2002-050A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Launch delayed from October 22, 28 pending investigation of causes of failure of another Soyuz booster on 15 October. Soyuz-TMA 1 was a Russian automatic passenger craft. It carried the EP-4 visiting crew of three astronauts (two Russians and one Belgian) to automatically dock with the International Space Station (ISS). This was the first flight of the new Soyuz-TMA model. It was to remain parked at the ISS as the escape craft, relieving the Soyuz TM-34. The crew conducted several microgravity experiments on the ISS during their 10-day stay before returning in Soyuz TM-34.

2002 November 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #02-49 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Korzun; Lonchakov; Wetherbee; Whitson; Zalyotin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EP-4. Summary: A Russian-Belgian cosmonaut crew arrived at the International Space Station in the wee hours this morning in a newly modified Soyuz capsule after a flawless two-day flight following launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #02-50 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lonchakov; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson; Zalyotin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EP-4. All six people living aboard the International Space Station have started packing up for their return to Earth. The visiting "taxi crew" will be coming home tomorrow after delivering a new crew return capsule and performing a host of experiments, and the Expedition 5 crew, which has been on orbit for nearly five months, will return aboard the space shuttle later this month. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #02-51 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Korzun; Lonchakov; Wetherbee; Whitson; Zalyotin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EP-4. Summary: A Russian-Belgian cosmonaut crew departed the International Space Station today after delivering a new Soyuz return vehicle to the complex and conducting more than a week's worth of joint scientific experiments with the residents on board.. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 10 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-34 - . Return Crew: Zalyotin; De Winne; Lonchakov. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Zalyotin; De Winne; Lonchakov. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EP-4. Summary: On November 9 the Soyuz TMA-1/EP-4 crew boarded Soyuz TM-34 and undocked from the Zarya nadir port at 20:44 GMT, leaving Soyuz TMA-1 for the resident crew. Soyuz TM-34 landed in Kazakstan at 00:04 GMT on November 10..

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