Crew: Levchenko. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Levchenko was a prospective Buran pilot sent on the short mission to familiarise himself with spaceflight. Backup crew: Shchukin.
Anatoly Levchenko was launched to Mir together with the Main Expedition EO-03 crew of Musa Manarov, and Vladimir Titov. Soyuz TM-4 maneuvered through orbits of 168 x 243 km, 255 x 296 km, and 333 x 359 before docking with Mir at 12:51 GMT 23 December. Levchenko returned aboard Soyuz TM-3 with A Aleksandrov (launched aboard Soyuz TM-3) and Yuri Romanenko (Soyuz TM-2). The spacecraft landed on December 29, 1987 09:16 GMT near Arkalyk.
Levchenko was a prospective Buran pilot sent on the short mission to familiarise himself with spaceflight. Immediately after his return he was put at the controls of an aircraft to check if the experience had impaired his flying skills in any way.
AKA: Okean (Ocean ); Soyuz TM-4 (Levchenko).
More... - Chronology...
First Launch: 1987.12.21.
Last Launch: 1987.12.29.
Duration: 7.92 days.
Savinykh Savinykh, Viktor Petrovich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-6, Salyut 7 EO-4-1a, Mir EP-2. More...
Levchenko Levchenko, Anatoli Semyonovich (1941-1988) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LII-1. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Air Force School, 1964. Buran test pilot; cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980. Later a civil test pilot for the Soviet Air Force Ministry. Died of a brain tumor in Moscow. More...
Shchukin Shchukin, Alexandr Vladimirovich (1946-1988) Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988. More...
Solovyov Solovyov, Anatoliy Yakovlevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2, Mir EO-6, Mir EO-12, Mir EO-19, Mir EO-24. 651 cumulative days in space. More...
Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Panayotov 'Sasha' (1951-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2. Graduated from Air Force Academy, 1974. Candidate of technical sciences degree, 1983. Lieutenant Colonel, Bulgarian Air Force. More...
Soyuz TM-3 Crew: Aleksandrov. Aleksandrov replaced the ailing EO-2 crew member Laveykin and remained aboard Mir with Romanenko. Backup crew: Savinykh. More...
Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...
Mir LII-1 Chronology
1987 December 21 -
11:18 GMT - .
. Launch Complex
: Baikonur LC1
. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
: Soyuz 11A511U2
- Soyuz TM-4 - .
Call Sign: Okean (Ocean ). Crew: Levchenko; Manarov; Titov, Vladimir. Backup Crew: Kaleri; Shchukin; Volkov, Aleksandr. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 54. Mass: 7,070 kg (15,580 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Levchenko; Manarov; Titov, Vladimir; Kaleri; Shchukin; Volkov, Aleksandr. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-3; Mir LII-1; Soyuz TM-3; Mir LD-1. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 178.95 days. Decay Date: 1988-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 18699 . COSPAR: 1987-104A. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Mir Expedition EO-03. Carried Musa Manarov, Anatoly Levchenko, Vladimir Titov to Mir; returned crew of Soyuz TM-5 to Earth. Orbits 168 x 243 km, 255 x 296 km, 333 x 359 km. Docked with Mir 12:51 GMT 23 December. 30 December moved to forward port..
1987 December 29 -
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