Encyclopedia Astronautica
Salyut 7 EP-3



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Rakesh Sharma
Soyuz T-11
Credit: RKK Energia
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Salyut 7 EP-3
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Crew: Malyshev, Sharma, Strekalov. First Indian astronaut. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Berezovoi, Grechko, Malhotra.

The Soviet-Indian international crew comprised ship's commander Y V Malyshev, flight engineer G M Strekalov (USSR) and cosmonaut-researcher R Sharma (India). They docked with the Salyut-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments.

Indian cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma conducted an Earth observation program concentrating on India. He also did life sciences and materials processing experiments and became the first yoga practitioner in zero-G.

AKA: Yupiter (Jupiter ); Soyuz T-11.
First Launch: 1984.04.03.
Last Launch: 1984.04.11.
Duration: 7.90 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Grechko Grechko, Georgi Mikhailovich (1931-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 7 EP-5. More...
  • Strekalov Strekalov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1940-2004) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times. More...
  • Kizim Kizim, Leonid Denisovich (1941-2010) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. 374 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Malyshev Malyshev, Yuri Vassilyevich (1941-1999) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-6, Salyut 7 EP-3. More...
  • Berezovoi Berezovoi, Anatoli Nikolayevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-1. More...
  • Malhotra Malhotra, Ravish (1943-) Indian pilot cosmonaut, 1982-1984. Indian Air Force test pilot, stationed at the Bangalore space test center. Later worked for Dynamatic Technologies. Brigadier General (Air Commodore), Retired. More...
  • Solovyov, Vladimir Solovyov, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1946-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO More...
  • Sharma Sharma, Rakesh 'Rikki' (1949-) Indian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-3. First Indian astronaut. Indian Air Force More...
  • Atkov Atkov, Dr Oleg Yuryevich (1949-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • Salyut 7 Due to cancellation of the Almaz military station, and delays in the Mir project, the decision was taken in the late 1970's to fly the back-up to DOS-5 / Salyut 6. This was launched as Salyut 7 in 1982. The opportunity was still taken to fly 'guest cosmonauts' from friendly countries on short visits to the stations, although emphasis was placed on military experiments. Salyut 7 was able to conduct significant military experiments thanks to the greatly increased volume and payload of the TKS modules diverted from the Almaz programme that docked with the station. More...

Salyut 7 EP-3 Chronology


1984 April 3 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz T-11 - . Call Sign: Yupiter (Jupiter ). Crew: Malyshev; Sharma; Strekalov. Backup Crew: Berezovoi; Grechko; Malhotra. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 17L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Malyshev; Sharma; Strekalov; Berezovoi; Grechko; Malhotra. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EP-3; Salyut 7 EO-3. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 181.91 days. Decay Date: 1984-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 14872 . COSPAR: 1984-032A. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 7.Transported a Soviet-Indian international crew comprising ship's commander Y V Malyshev, flight engineer G M Strekalov (USSR) and cosmonaut-researcher R Sharma (India) to the SALYUT-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments.

1984 April 11 - .
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