Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-105



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STS-105
Credit: NASA
ists105.jpg
STS-105
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Crew: Barry, Forrester, Horowitz, Sturckow. ISS Assembly flight. Delivered five tonnes of supplies, hardware, and a bedroom suite to accommodate a third astronaut in the Destiny module. Installed two science experiment racks delivered in the Leonardo module.

STS 105 was an American shuttle that carried a crew of ten (including three crew for the ISS - one American and two Russian), five tonnes of supplies, hardware, and a bedroom suite to accommodate a third astronaut in the Destiny module. The crew installed in the station two new science experiment racks that were carried in the Leonardo container which was first lifted out of the shuttle and bolted to the Unity module. Leonardo then carried back all the trash from the ISS back to the shuttle. They crew installed the MISSE (Materials International Space Station Experiment) container outside the ISS to test the effect of radiation on materials and some low-cost science experiments such as microgravity cell growth studies inside the station.

The 15,107 kg payload consisted of:

  • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock and 3 EMU spacesuits - 2160 kg
  • Bay 4P: Adapter beam with G-780 (Mayo High School, Rochester, Minnesota experiment to study germination of faba beans) and PSP-1 (NASA-GSFC canister with passive experiments and ballast) - 200 kg
  • Bay 5: Integrated Cargo Carrier/KYD - 1280 kg, with the Early Ammonia Servicer for the station's P6 truss- 640 kg and two small exposure experiments PEC-1 and PEC-2, to be installed on the be installed on the ISS Quest module as part of the MISSE materials exposure program
  • Bay 7-12: MPLM FM1 (Leonardo) module - 9800 kg total including 3300 kg of payload to be transferred to the Station
  • Bay 13P: Adapter beam with G-774 (Microgravity Smoldering Combustion (MSC) experiment) and SEM-10 (canister with 11 school experiments) - 410 kg
  • Bay 13S: Adapter beam with Simplesat and ACE avionics - 355 kg
  • Sill: RMS arm - 410 kg
STS-105 main engine cutoff was at 2118 GMT placed Discovery and external tank ET-110 into a 58 x 234 km x 51.6 deg orbit. At 2148 GMT Discovery reached apogee and fired its OMS engines to enter a 155 x 233 km x 51.6 deg orbit; another burn at 0100 GMT raised the orbit to 198 x 277 km. Discovery docked at the Station's PMA-2 port at 1842 GMT on August 12. After some problems aligning the docking system, the docking ring was retracted and latched at 1905 GMT and the hatch was opened to ISS at 2042 GMT. Expedition 3 began on August 13 at 1915 GMT when the new crew's seat liners were installed on the Soyuz transport ship. The formal EX-2/EX-3 change-of-command ceremony was held on August 17 in Destiny.

The Leonardo MPLM module was lifted out of Discovery's payload bay at 1326 GMT on August 13 and docked to Unity's nadir at 1554 GMT. 3300 kg of cargo from Leonardo was transferred to the Station. Then 1700 kg of station garbage and materials were loaded into Leonardo. It was unberthed from Unity at 1816 GMT on August 19 and returned to the payload bay for the return to Earth at 1917 GMT.

Discovery undocked at 1452 GMT on August 20 with the Expedition 2 crew aboard, leaving Expedition 3 at the Station.

At 1830 GMT on August 20 the Simplesat test satellite was ejected from a GAS canister in the cargo bay. Discovery landed at Kennedy Space Center at 1822:58 GMT on August 22 on runway 15, after a deorbit burn at 1715 GMT. The Expedition Two crew of Usachyov, Voss and Helms had been in space for 167 days. Discovery was taken out of service after the flight for structural inspections. Its last maintenance down period was in 1995-1996.

AKA: Discovery; ISS 7A.1.
First Launch: 2001.08.10.
Last Launch: 2001.08.22.
Duration: 11.88 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Voss Voss, James Shelton 'Jim' (1949-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, ISS EO-2. US Army More...
  • Barry Barry, Dr Daniel Thomas (1953-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-96, STS-105. More...
  • Horowitz Horowitz, Dr Scott Jay 'Doc' (1957-) Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105. Grew up in Thousand Oaks, California. Left NASA for a position with ATK Thiokol, promoting shuttle-derived vehicles for use as the CEV launch vehicle. More...
  • Forrester Forrester, Patrick Graham (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-105, STS-117, STS-128. More...
  • Usachyov Usachyov, Yuri Vladimirovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-15, Mir EO-21, STS-101, ISS EO-2. 552 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Helms Helms, Susan Jane (1958-) American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, ISS EO-2. More...
  • Sturckow Sturckow, Frederick Wilford 'Rick' (1961-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-88, STS-105, STS-117, STS-128. Grew up in Lakeside, California. US Marine Corps. Flew 41 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Discovery American manned spaceplane. 39 launches, 1984.08.30 to 2011.02.24. More...

See also
Associated Flights
  • ISS EO-2 Crew: Helms, Usachyov, Voss. Three-person crew to operate the station and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M-44, Progress M1-6, Soyuz TM-31, Soyuz TM-32 vehicles and Space Shuttles flights 5A.1, 6A, 7A, 7A.1. Backup crew: Bursch, Onufrienko, Walz. More...
  • ISS EO-3 Crew: Culbertson, Dezhurov, Tyurin. Three-person crew to operate the station and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M-45, Progress M-DC1, Progress M1-7, Soyuz TM-33, Soyuz TM-32 vehicles and Space Shuttles during flights 7A.1, UF1. Backup crew: Korzun, Treshchev, Whitson. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • NASA Houston American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Houston, Houston, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

STS-105 Chronology


2001 August 10 - .
2001 August 10 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-105.
  • STS-105 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Horowitz; Sturckow; Barry; Forrester; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Tyurin. Payload: Discovery F30 / Leonardo. Mass: 116,914 kg (257,751 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Horowitz; Sturckow; Barry; Forrester; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Tyurin. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105; ISS EO-3. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 11.88 days. Decay Date: 2001-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 26888 . COSPAR: 2001-035A. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. STS 105 was an American shuttle that carried a crew of ten (including three crew for the ISS - one American and two Russian), five tonnes of supplies, hardware, and a bedroom suite to accommodate a third astronaut in the Destiny module. The crew installed in the station two new science experiment racks that were carried in the Leonardo container which was first lifted out of the shuttle and bolted to the Unity module. Leonardo then carried back all the trash from the ISS back to the shuttle. They crew installed the MISSE (Materials International Space Station Experiment) container outside the ISS to test the effect of radiation on materials and some low-cost science experiments such as microgravity cell growth studies inside the station.

    The 15,107 kg payload consisted of:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock and 3 EMU spacesuits - 2160 kg
    • Bay 4P: Adapter beam with G-780 (Mayo High School, Rochester, Minnesota experiment to study germination of faba beans) and PSP-1 (NASA-GSFC canister with passive experiments and ballast) - 200 kg
    • Bay 5: Integrated Cargo Carrier/KYD - 1280 kg, with the Early Ammonia Servicer for the station's P6 truss- 640 kg and two small exposure experiments PEC-1 and PEC-2, to be installed on the be installed on the ISS Quest module as part of the MISSE materials exposure program
    • Bay 7-12: MPLM FM1 (Leonardo) module - 9800 kg total including 3300 kg of payload to be transferred to the Station
    • Bay 13P: Adapter beam with G-774 (Microgravity Smoldering Combustion (MSC) experiment) and SEM-10 (canister with 11 school experiments) - 410 kg
    • Bay 13S: Adapter beam with Simplesat and ACE avionics - 355 kg
    • Sill: RMS arm - 410 kg
    STS-105 main engine cutoff was at 2118 GMT placed Discovery and external tank ET-110 into a 58 x 234 km x 51.6 deg orbit. At 2148 GMT Discovery reached apogee and fired its OMS engines to enter a 155 x 233 km x 51.6 deg orbit; another burn at 0100 GMT raised the orbit to 198 x 277 km. Discovery docked at the Station's PMA-2 port at 1842 GMT on August 12. After some problems aligning the docking system, the docking ring was retracted and latched at 1905 GMT and the hatch was opened to ISS at 2042 GMT. Expedition 3 began on August 13 at 1915 GMT when the new crew's seat liners were installed on the Soyuz transport ship. The formal EX-2/EX-3 change-of-command ceremony was held on August 17 in Destiny.

    The Leonardo MPLM module was lifted out of Discovery's payload bay at 1326 GMT on August 13 and docked to Unity's nadir at 1554 GMT. 3300 kg of cargo from Leonardo was transferred to the Station. Then 1700 kg of station garbage and materials were loaded into Leonardo. It was unberthed from Unity at 1816 GMT on August 19 and returned to the payload bay for the return to Earth at 1917 GMT.

    Discovery undocked at 1452 GMT on August 20 with the Expedition 2 crew aboard, leaving Expedition 3 at the Station.

    At 1830 GMT on August 20 the Simplesat test satellite was ejected from a GAS canister in the cargo bay. Discovery landed at Kennedy Space Center at 1822:58 GMT on August 22 on runway 15, after a deorbit burn at 1715 GMT. The Expedition Two crew of Usachyov, Voss and Helms had been in space for 167 days. Discovery was taken out of service after the flight for structural inspections. Its last maintenance down period was in 1995-1996.


2001 August 11 - .
2001 August 11 - .
2001 August 12 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. The crew of Discovery, trailing the International Space Station by less than 2,000 statute miles, was awakened at 5:10 a.m. Central time to the sounds of "The White Eagle," a traditional Russian folk song played for Expedition Three Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov. Dezhurov and his crewmates, Expedition Three Commander Frank Culbertson and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin are just hours from reaching their new home aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Additional Details: here....

2001 August 12 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Discovery Commander Scott Horowitz, with the assistance of Pilot Rick Sturckow and Mission Specialists Pat Forrester and Dan Barry, carefully guided the Shuttle to a linkup with the ISS at 1:42 p.m. Central time as the two craft sailed 240 miles above northwestern Australia. On board Discovery were the new Station Commander Frank Culbertson, and his Expedition Three crewmates, Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 13 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Ross; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. The crewmembers aboard the Discovery / International Space Station complex were awakened shortly before 4:30 a.m. Central time today to the sounds of the overture from "The Barber of Seville" by Rossini, a tribute to Expedition Three Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin, who along with Commander Frank Culbertson and Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov, will move over to the ISS today to take up residency. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 13 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Helms; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. The International Space Station's third resident crew officially took control of the complex at 2:15 p.m. CDT today, when confirmation was given by the new station commander that all transfer activities associated with the custom-made Soyuz capsule seat liners had been completed and leak checks on their Russian Sokol space suits was verified. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 14 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Horowitz; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Discovery's crewmembers, including their new Expedition Two crewmates from the International Space Station, were awakened at 4:10 a.m. Central time to the theme from the movie, "Arthur", to begin a day highlighted by the transfer of equipment and supplies to the station from Discovery and from the pressurized cargo carrier the shuttle brought into space. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 14 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Summary: By mid afternoon, the entire contents of the Leonardo logistics module had been temporarily stowed aboard the International Space Station as the Expedition Three crew continued to learn about life on the orbiting complex.. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 15 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Summary: The hatches swung closed between Discovery and the International Space Station at 4:52 this afternoon Central time so that the shuttle's cabin pressure could be lowered in preparation for a space walk Thursday by Dan Barry and Pat Forrester.. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 15 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Forrester; Sturckow. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Summary: Discovery's astronauts were awakened shortly after 4 a.m. Central time to the sounds of "Big Boy Toys", a country and western tune by Aaron Tippin, selected for Pilot Rick Sturckow by his wife.. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 16 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. On the 1000th day since the launch of the first module of the International Space Station, Discovery's astronauts were awakened shortly after 4 a.m. Central time to the sounds of "The Marvelous Toy" by Tom Paxton for Mission Specialist Dan Barry from his wife. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 16 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Astronauts Dan Barry and Pat Forrester completed the first of two planned space walks during Discovery's voyage to the International Space Station. The excursion lasted 6 hours, 16 minutes and involved installing the Early Ammonia Servicer and the first external experiment on the station's hull. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 16 - . 13:56 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-105-1 - . Crew: Barry; Forrester. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Forrester. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105. The spacewalk was made from the external airlock on Discovery. The astronauts transferred the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS) device from the ICC carrier in the payload bay to the P6 truss on the station. Then they took two MISSE materials exposure experiment boxes from the ICC and attached them to the outside of the Quest airlock.

2001 August 17 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. While Discovery's astronauts looked on, the Expedition Two crew ceremoniously handed command of the International Space Station to its Expedition Three replacements. The ceremony occurred just prior to closing the hatches between the two spacecraft in preparation for the final planned space walk of the STS-105 mission. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 17 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. The ten astronauts and cosmonauts aboard Discovery and the International Space Station will focus on transfer activities today, continuing to place equipment, discarded items and belongings of the Expedition Two crew aboard the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Leonardo for return to Earth. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 18 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Discovery astronauts Dan Barry and Pat Forrester will perform the second space walk of the STS-105 mission today, hooking up heating cables and installing handrails on the International Space Station's Destiny Laboratory in advance of the arrival of a large truss structure at the complex next year. Meanwhile, the new Expedition Three crew aboard the station will continue packing the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Leonardo for its return to Earth Additional Details: here....

2001 August 18 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Astronauts Dan Barry and Pat Forrester successfully strung two 45-foot heater cables and installed handrails down both sides of the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station today during a 5 hour, 29 minute spacewalk, setting the stage for the delivery of a large truss structure to the complex next year. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 18 - . 13:39 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-105-2 - . Crew: Barry; Forrester. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Forrester. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105. Summary: The spacewalk installed Orbit-Installed Handrails and Launch-to-Activation Heater Cables on Destiny. The cables were needed for the installation of the S0 truss to be launched in early 2002. .

2001 August 19 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. With its job completed for the mission, the Leonardo cargo module packed with more than 3,000 pounds of return hardware was safely tucked back aboard Discovery this afternoon. The operation sets the stage for the shuttle's departure from the International Space Station scheduled for 9:52 a.m. CDT Monday. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 19 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. The ten astronauts and cosmonauts aboard Discovery and the International Space Station have started a day that will see the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Leonardo removed from the Unity node of the station and reberthed in the shuttle's cargo bay for the trip home. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 20 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Helms; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Discovery's astronauts, now consisting of the Expedition Two crew, bid farewell to the International Space Station and the Expedition Three crew and undocked from the complex at 9:52 a.m. CDT Monday after more than a week of joint operations. Frank Culbertson, Vladimir Dezhurov and Mikhail Tyurin now will settle in to oversee activities on the station for the next four months. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 20 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. Crewmembers aboard Discovery and the International Space Station are spending their final hours together on a day that will see them bid farewell to one another, close hatches between the spacecraft, undock and separate to enable the new resident Expedition Three crew to begin a stay of about four months aboard the station. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 21 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Forrester; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. With Discovery 500 miles ahead of the International Space Station, and increasing that distance by more than 50 miles with each orbit of the Earth, the STS-105 and returning Expedition Two crewmembers are preparing for a Wednesday landing at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 21 - .
  • STS-105 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Helms; Horowitz; Sturckow; Tyurin; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EO-3; STS-105. With its systems checked out in excellent shape, Space Shuttle Discovery with its seven-person crew that includes the Expedition Two crew, is set to return home at 11:46 a.m. Central time to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, wrapping up a five and a half month stay on the International Space Station. A second landing opportunity is available an hour and a half later at 1:23 p.m. CDT. Additional Details: here....

2001 August 22 - .
2001 August 22 - .
2001 August 22 - .
2001 August 23 - .
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