Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-108



zsts108.jpg
STS-108
Credit: NASA
Crew: Godwin, Gorie, Kelly Mark, Tani. ISS Logistics flight. Brought supplies to the Station aboard the Raffaello module,

ISS Logistics flight, launch delayed from November 30 and December 4. Gorie, Kelley, Godwin, Tani, Onufrikeno, Bursch, Walz STS-108 flew the UF-1 Utilization Flight mission to the International Space Station. The UF designation distinguished this from earlier Station flights which were considered assembly flights. The shuttle would deliver the Expedition-4 crew of Onufrikeno, Bursch, and Walz to the station and return the Expedition-3 crew to earth. In addition to the crew swap, UF-1 brought supplies to the Station aboard the Raffaello module, and Godwin and Tani conducted a spacewalk to add thermal blankets to the gimbals on the Station's solar arrays. Endeavour reached an orbit of approximately 58 x 230 km (according to the NASA PAO) at 2228 GMT. At 2259 GMT it fired its OMS engines to raise perigee to 225 km. Mass after OMS-2 was 114,692 kg. Endeavour soft docked with the International Space Station at 2003 GMT on December 7. Problems with aligning the vehicles delayed hard dock until 20:51 GMT, and the hatch was opened at 22:43 GMT. The Raffaello module was unberthed from Endeavour at 1701 GMT on December 8 and berthed to the Unity module of the station at 1755 UTC.

STS-108 cargo bay payload was dominated by the Raffaello (MPLM-2) logistics module with 4 RSP and 8 RSR resupply racks. Also in the cargo bay were the MACH-1 and LMC experiment trusses flown under the Goddard small payloads program. MACH-1 was an MPESS-type Hitchhiker bridge carrying the CAPL-3 capillary thermal control experiment on top. On its forward side was the Starshine-2 launch canister, the CAPL-3 avionics plate, the Hitchhiker avionics plate, and the SEM-15 canister. On the aft side was the G-761 canister containing experiments from Argentina, the PSRD synchrotron detector (a prototype for the AMS antimatter experiment which will fly on Station later), and the COLLIDE-2 and SEM-11 canisters. The SEM (Space Experiment Modules) are collections of high school experiments. LMC, the Lightweight MPESS Carrier carried four canisters with materials science and technology experiments: SEM-12, G-785, G-064 and G-730. In addition, an adapter beam on the starboard sidewall carried G-221 and G-775, with materials science and biology experiments.

Raffaello was transferred back to the Shuttle payload bay on December 14. Endeavour undocked from the Station at 17:28 UTC on December 15 and made a half loop around the station before making a small separation burn at 1822 UTC. The Starshine-2 reflector satellite was ejected from the MACH-1 bridge in Endeavour's payload bay at 1502 UTC on December 16. Endeavour landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 1755 UTC on December 17. The Expedition 3 crew of Culbertson, Dezhurov and Tyurin returned to Earth aboard Endeavour, leaving the Expedition 4 crew of Onufrienko, Bursch and Walz in charge of the Station.

AKA: Endeavour; ISS UF-1.
First Launch: 2001.12.05.
Last Launch: 2001.12.17.
Duration: 11.82 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Culbertson Culbertson, Frank Lee Jr (1949-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-51, ISS EO-3. More...
  • Godwin Godwin, Dr Linda Maxine (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108. Physicist. Was married to astronaut Steven Nagel. More...
  • Gorie Gorie, Dominic Lee Pudwill (1957-) American test pilot astronaut 1995-2010. Flew on STS-91, STS-99, STS-108, STS-123. Flew 38 combat missions over Iraq. More...
  • Tyurin Tyurin, Michael Vladislavovich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-3, ISS EO-14. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO. More...
  • Tani Tani, Daniel Michio (1961-) Japanese-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-108, ISS EO-16-1. More...
  • Dezhurov Dezhurov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-18, ISS EO-3. Made nine spacewalks, total time 1.58 days. More...
  • Kelly, Mark Kelly, Mark Edward (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-108, STS-121, STS-124, STS-134. Twin brother of astronaut Scott Kelly. Grew up in West Orange, New Jersey. Flew 39 combat missions over Iraq. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Endeavour American manned spaceplane. 25 launches, 1992.05.07 to 2011.05.16. Built as a replacement after the loss of the Challenger; named after the first ship commanded by James Cook. More...

See also
Associated Flights
  • ISS EO-3 Crew: Culbertson, Dezhurov, Tyurin. Three-person crew to operate the station and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M-45, Progress M-DC1, Progress M1-7, Soyuz TM-33, Soyuz TM-32 vehicles and Space Shuttles during flights 7A.1, UF1. Backup crew: Korzun, Treshchev, Whitson. More...
  • ISS EO-4 Crew: Bursch, Onufrienko, Walz. Three-person crew to operate the station and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M1-7, Progress M1-8 and Space Shuttle missions 8A, UF2 Backup crew: Padalka, Robinson, Fincke. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

STS-108 Chronology


2001 December 5 - .
2001 December 5 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-108.
  • STS-108 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Godwin; Tani; Onufrienko; Bursch; Walz. Payload: Endeavour F17 / Raffaello. Mass: 105,000 kg (231,000 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Godwin; Tani; Onufrienko; Bursch; Walz. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-108; ISS EO-4. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.82 days. Decay Date: 2001-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 26995 . COSPAR: 2001-054A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 353 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. ISS Logistics flight, launch delayed from November 30 and December 4. Gorie, Kelley, Godwin, Tani, Onufrikeno, Bursch, Walz STS-108 flew the UF-1 Utilization Flight mission to the International Space Station. The UF designation distinguished this from earlier Station flights which were considered assembly flights. The shuttle would deliver the Expedition-4 crew of Onufrikeno, Bursch, and Walz to the station and return the Expedition-3 crew to earth. In addition to the crew swap, UF-1 brought supplies to the Station aboard the Raffaello module, and Godwin and Tani conducted a spacewalk to add thermal blankets to the gimbals on the Station's solar arrays. Endeavour reached an orbit of approximately 58 x 230 km (according to the NASA PAO) at 2228 GMT. At 2259 GMT it fired its OMS engines to raise perigee to 225 km. Mass after OMS-2 was 114,692 kg. Endeavour soft docked with the International Space Station at 2003 GMT on December 7. Problems with aligning the vehicles delayed hard dock until 20:51 GMT, and the hatch was opened at 22:43 GMT. The Raffaello module was unberthed from Endeavour at 1701 GMT on December 8 and berthed to the Unity module of the station at 1755 UTC.

    STS-108 cargo bay payload was dominated by the Raffaello (MPLM-2) logistics module with 4 RSP and 8 RSR resupply racks. Also in the cargo bay were the MACH-1 and LMC experiment trusses flown under the Goddard small payloads program. MACH-1 was an MPESS-type Hitchhiker bridge carrying the CAPL-3 capillary thermal control experiment on top. On its forward side was the Starshine-2 launch canister, the CAPL-3 avionics plate, the Hitchhiker avionics plate, and the SEM-15 canister. On the aft side was the G-761 canister containing experiments from Argentina, the PSRD synchrotron detector (a prototype for the AMS antimatter experiment which will fly on Station later), and the COLLIDE-2 and SEM-11 canisters. The SEM (Space Experiment Modules) are collections of high school experiments. LMC, the Lightweight MPESS Carrier carried four canisters with materials science and technology experiments: SEM-12, G-785, G-064 and G-730. In addition, an adapter beam on the starboard sidewall carried G-221 and G-775, with materials science and biology experiments.

    Raffaello was transferred back to the Shuttle payload bay on December 14. Endeavour undocked from the Station at 17:28 UTC on December 15 and made a half loop around the station before making a small separation burn at 1822 UTC. The Starshine-2 reflector satellite was ejected from the MACH-1 bridge in Endeavour's payload bay at 1502 UTC on December 16. Endeavour landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 1755 UTC on December 17. The Expedition 3 crew of Culbertson, Dezhurov and Tyurin returned to Earth aboard Endeavour, leaving the Expedition 4 crew of Onufrienko, Bursch and Walz in charge of the Station.


2001 December 6 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Tani; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Summary: Endeavour's crew spent its first full day in space today preparing for the major events to come: docking with the International Space Station on Friday; latching a cargo module to the station on Saturday; and conducting a space walk on Monday.. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 6 - .
2001 December 7 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. As Endeavour continues its pursuit of the International Space Station, the seven astronauts and cosmonauts on board were awakened at 6:21 a.m. today to prepare for a busy day as they close the final 765 miles between the two vehicles in anticipation of a docking just before 2 p.m. CST today. Endeavour and the ISS are to link up off the British coast, southwest of Cardiff, Wales. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 7 - .
2001 December 8 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The Expedition Three crew - Commander Frank Culbertson, Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin - officially ended their 117-day residency on board the International Space Station today as their custom Soyuz seatliners were transferred to Endeavour for the return trip home. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 8 - .
2001 December 9 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The 10 astronauts and cosmonauts in orbit took a break from the transfer of supplies, experiments and equipment to and from the Space Shuttle Endeavour and the International Space Station today to pay tribute to the heroes of the Sept. 11 attacks on New York and the Pentagon. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 9 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Waking up to the patriotic tune of "It's A Grand Ole' Flag" performed by the Fire Department of New York Emerald Society Pipes & Drums, Endeavour's crew was awakened at 6:14 a.m. CST today. The Expedition Four crew on board the International Space Station was awakened about a half hour later by a wake-up tone on board. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 10 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Godwin; Onufrienko; Tani; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Summary: Endeavour astronauts Linda Godwin and Dan Tani completed a four-hour, 12-minute space walk today to install insulation on mechanisms that rotate the International Space Station's main solar arrays.. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 10 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The crew aboard the space shuttle Endeavour was awakened at 6:12 a.m. CST this morning to the sound of "Jumpin' at the Woodside," performed by Mission Specialist Linda Godwin's own band, Brass, Rhythm and Reeds. Godwin plays tenor sax in this 18-piece big band recording. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 10 - . 17:49 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-108-1 - . Crew: Godwin; Tani. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.17 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Godwin; Tani. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-108. The astronauts exited from the Shuttle's airlock and installed thermal blankets on the International Space Stations's P6 solar array gimbal motor bearings, which were distorting due to temperature changes. The blankets were installed by 2010 GMT; after failing to engage a solar array latch, the crew moved on to retrieve tools for the next mission and returned to the airlock.

2001 December 11 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The United States astronauts and Russian cosmonauts aboard the shuttle Endeavour and the International Space Station paused this morning to remember and honor the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks, as did many Americans across the country and citizens of nations around the world. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 11 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Shepherd; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The song "Let There Be Peace on Earth," performed by Vince and Jenny Gill, awakened Endeavour's crew this morning at 6:19 a.m. CST. The song was played for Expedition Three Commander Frank Culbertson from his wife for his years of dedicated pursuit of peace on Earth through service to his country, and in tribute to a special anniversary today. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 12 - .
2001 December 12 - .
2001 December 13 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Shepherd; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The crew onboard Endeavour was awakened at 7:17 a.m. CST this morning by the song "Here Comes the Sun", in memory of former Beatle George Harrison, who recently died of cancer. The instrumental was from the IMAX movie, "Everest". The song was played for the Expedition Three Crewmembers, Commander Frank Culbertson, Pilot Vladimir Dezhurov and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin. The crew was allowed to sleep in for an extra hour with a relatively light day of activities in store. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 13 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Summary: The crews of Endeavour and the International Space Station continued packing the Italian-built Raffaello cargo module and the shuttle for the trip home today as the new station crew began to settle in aboard the complex for a five and a half-month stay.. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 14 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tani; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. In space today, the 10 astronauts and cosmonauts on board Endeavour and the International Space Station, will focus their efforts on final transfer activities and this morning's unberthing of the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module to be placed back in Endeavour's payload bay for a return trip home. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 14 - .
2001 December 15 - .
2001 December 15 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Culbertson; Dezhurov; Kelly, Mark; Onufrienko; Tyurin; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. The 10 crewmembers of the Space Shuttle Endeavour and the International Space Station will bid farewell to each other this morning shortly before the hatches are closed between the two vehicles about 7:30 a.m. CST prior to Endeavour's departure from the complex. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 16 - .
2001 December 16 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Summary: On board Endeavour today, the crew focused its efforts on checking out the systems and equipment that will be used during Endeavour's planned reentry and landing Monday.. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 17 - .
  • STS-108 Mission Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Culbertson; Dezhurov; Godwin; Gorie; Kelly, Mark; Tani; Tyurin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-3; ISS EO-4; STS-108. Endeavour's crew began a journey home today, waking up at 3:19 a.m. CST to "Please Come Home For Christmas" sung by Jon Bon Jovi. Weather permitting, Endeavour is scheduled to return to Earth just before noon today. On board Endeavour, Commander Dom Gorie, Pilot Mark Kelly and Mission Specialists Linda Godwin and Dan Tani, along with the returning Expedition Three crew of Frank Culbertson, Vladimir Dezhurov and Mikhail Tyurin, are preparing for a scheduled landing at the Kennedy Space Center. Preliminary weather forecasts predict generally acceptable conditions at the landing site, with a possibility of rain showers in the vicinity. The Entry flight team, led by Flight Director LeRoy Cain, will receive its first weather briefing of the day at 6:30 a.m. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 17 - .
2001 December 17 - .
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