Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-113



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STS-113
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STS-113
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STS-113
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Crew: Herrington, Lockhart, Lopez-Alegria, Wetherbee. ISS assembly mission. Delivered 13.7-m, 12.5 ton truss to ISS. Four attempts to land on consecutive days, called because of bad weather.

ISS assembly mission ISS-11A delayed from August 22, September 6, 19, October 6, November 2, 10, 11, 19 and 23 due to SSME problems and then damage to the Shuttle's manipulator arm. Shuttle mission STS-113 carried a crew of seven astronauts (six American and one Russian) and a 13.7-m truss of 12.5 tons to the International Space Station (ISS). During several hours of EVA, the crew installed and secured the truss assembly. The truss was to provide structural support for the station's thermal control radiators, and brought the total mass of the ISS to over 200 tons. Prior to leaving the ISS, the shuttle released a pair of tethered (15-m long) picosatellites. It was to leave the ISS on December 2.

NASA Official Mission Summary

STS-113
Mission: International Space Station 11A
Space Shuttle: Endeavour
Launch Pad: 39A
Launched: November 23, 2002, 7:49:47.079 p.m. EST
Landing Site: Kennedy Space Center, Florida
Landing: December 7, 2002, 2:37:12 p.m. EST
Runway: 33
Rollout Distance: 10,563 feet
Mission Duration: 13 days, 18 hours, 48 minutes and 38 seconds
Miles Traveled: 5.7 million

Crew Members: Commander Jim Wetherbee, Pilot Paul Lockhart, Mission Specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington.

Launch Highlights

The earlier planned launch on Nov. 11 was postponed when higher than allowable oxygen levels were detected in the orbiter's mid-body. Launch was tentatively set for no earlier than Nov. 18 so that technicians could troubleshoot and repair the leak. A fatigued flexible hose was found to be the cause and was replaced, along with another similar hose.

Another problem surfaced when a platform used to access the oxygen line bumped the robotic arm in the payload bay. Inspections of the arm for damage postponed launch until Nov.

The launch was again postponed 24 hours to Nov. 23 due to poor weather conditions at the Transoceanic Abort Landing sites.

Mission Highlights

Over the course of the 14-day mission, the STS-113 crew and the Expedition Six crew combined to install the new P1 truss to the International Space Station, perform three spacewalks to outfit and activate the truss, and transfer supplies and equipment between the two spacecraft. Endeavour brought more than 2,500 pounds of material to the station.

Among the transfer were science experiments, the PCG-STES and PGBA returning to Earth and the PCG-STES Unit 10 moving onto the station.

While Endeavour was docked to the space station, Expedition 5 NASA Science Officer Peggy Whitson and Expedition 6 Commander Ken Bowersox replaced two valves and cleared debris from vent lines of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Asembly (CDRA) in the station's U.S. Destiny Laboratory.

Prior to the first spacewalk, Commander Jim Wetherbee removed the P1 truss from Endeavour's payload bay, using the shuttle's robotic arm, and handed it off to the station's Canadarm2. Whitson and Bowersox maneuvered the P1 to its installation position.

EVA No. 1: 6 hours, 45 minutes -- Mission Specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington hooked up electrical connections between the P1 truss and station, installed spool positioning devices that will ensure quick disconnect devices in fluid lines function properly, and released launch locks on the Crew and Equipment Translation Aid (CETA) cart. They also installed Node Wireless video system External Transceiver Assembly (WETA) antennas allowing reception from spacewalkers' helmet cameras without a shuttle present.

EVA No. 2: 6 hours, 10 minutes -- On Thanksgiving Day, Lopez-Alegria and Herrington connected two fluid jumpers between the P1 and S0 trusses, linking plumbing for ammonia in the station's cooling system. They removed the starboard keel pin, moving it to the proper location and stowing it in the P1 truss. They also installed a second WETA, this one on the P1 truss. They released launch locks on the P1 radiator beams.

Working from the Canadarm2, Herrington lifted the CETA cart to the S1 truss where he attached it to the tracks and secured it to its sister CETA, delivered on STS-112. The move cleared the P1 tracks so the Canadarm 2 can move on them via the Mobile Transporter and Mobile Base System.

A final task was reconnecting a cable on the WETA installed 2 days earlier.

EVA No. 3: 7 hours -- Herrington and Lopez-Alegria successfully completed installation of 33 spool positioning devices around the outside of the station. Herrington also troubleshooted the stalled railcar (Mobile Transporter). He freed and deployed a UHF communications antenna that had snagged a trailing umbilical mechanism on the MT. The MT was able to reach its destination, Worksite 7. Herrington completed his assigned tasks without using the Canadarm2, which was to have transferred from the U.S. Lab to the MT to maneuver Herrington through some of his tasks.

During the mission, Whitson and Flight Engineer Donald Pettit did troubleshooting on the Microgravity Science Glovebox on the station. The device, which provides electrical power to the facility, had failed November 20. The MSG allows experiments with fluids, flame, particles or fumes to be performed in an enclosed environment. The box was returned to Earth for further study.

Statistics

The mission of STS-113 was to carry the P1 truss to the International Space Station and attach it to the S0 truss. The shuttle was also to deliver the EO-6 ISS crew of Bowersox, Budarin, and Pettit to the station and return the EO-5 crew of Korzun, Treshchev, and Whitson to earth. Shuttle Endeavour also deployed the MEPSI picosatellite for the US Air Force and DARPA.

Cargo Bay Manifest:

  • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System - 1800 kg + 2 EMU spacesuits - 240 kg
  • Bay 3S: MEPSI - 8 kg
  • Bay 3-13: P1 Integrated Truss Segment - 12193 kg + CETA Cart B - 283 kg
  • Sill: RMS - 410 kg
  • Total: 14934 kg

The OMS engines fired for an OMS assist burn during the early part of the ascent to orbit. A valve in the right OMS engine did not completely open during the burn, and it was decided to use only the left OMS engine for later burns in orbit. The orbiter was placed in an initial 59 x 232 km x 51.6 deg orbit. At 01:27 GMT Endeavour reached apogee and fired the left OMS engine for 5 minutes to raise its perigee. Endeavour docked with the International Space Station on November 25 at 21:59 GMT. The Orbiter RMS grappled the P1 truss in its cargo bay at 15:01 GMT on November 26 and unberthed it at 15:22 GMT. The Station SSRMS grappled P1 at 16:41 GMT and the Orbiter RMS released it at 16:50 GMT, completing the first robot arm handover of a station segment. The SSRMS moved P1 to the end of the S0 truss and connected it between 18:36 and 18:48 GMT. After three days of mission extensions due to poor landing weather in Florida, STS-113 returned to a landing at Kennedy Space Center on 7 December 2002 at 19:36 GMT.

Following the grounding of the shuttle fleet after the Columbia disaster, Soyuz TMA-1 became the lifeboat for return of the EO-6 crew of Bowersox, Budarin, and Pettit. Following the arrival of the EO-7 skeleton crew to keep the station in operation, the EO-6 crew readied the TMA-1 for landing. They undocked from the ISS at 22:40 GMT on 2 May. This marked the first return of American astronauts in a Soyuz capsule (though several had ridden Soyuz capsules to the Mir station). During the re-entry, the first for the Soyuz TMA-1 model, the guidance failed and the capsule reverted to a rolling ballistic re-entry. This subjected the crew to over 8 G's during re-entry, as opposed to the 3 G's of a normal Soyuz lifting re-entry. It also resulted in a landing 460 km short of the target, and a delay of over two hours before recovery forces arrived at the capsule.

AKA: Endeavour; ISS-11A.
First Launch: 2002.11.24.
Last Launch: 2002.12.07.
Duration: 13.78 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Wetherbee Wetherbee, James Donald 'Wexbee' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-52, STS-63, STS-86, STS-102, STS-113. Flew in space six times. More...
  • Korzun Korzun, Valeri Grigoryevich (1953-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-22, ISS EO-5. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Fregat (Frigate). More...
  • Lockhart Lockhart, Paul Scott 'Paco' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-111, STS-113. More...
  • Lopez-Alegria Lopez-Alegria, Michael Eladio 'LA' (1958-) Spanish-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73, STS-92, STS-113, ISS EO-14. More...
  • Treshchev Treshchev, Sergey Yevgenyevich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-5. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO More...
  • Herrington Herrington, John Bennett (1958-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-113. More...
  • Whitson Whitson, Peggy Annette (1960-) American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-5, ISS EO-16. Biochemist, first female space station commander, American and female record for cumulative days in space, female record for number of spacewalks. 376 cumulative days in space. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Endeavour American manned spaceplane. 25 launches, 1992.05.07 to 2011.05.16. Built as a replacement after the loss of the Challenger; named after the first ship commanded by James Cook. More...

See also
Associated Flights
  • ISS EO-5 Crew: Korzun, Treshchev, Whitson. Three-person crew to operate the ISS and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M1-8, Progress M-46, Progress M1-9, Soyuz TMA-1, Soyuz TM-34 and Space Shuttle in Flights 9A and 11A. Backup crew: Kaleri, Kondratiyev Dmitry, Kelly Scott. More...
  • ISS EO-6 Crew: Bowersox, Budarin, Pettit. First ISS crew to have to return in a lifeboat spacecraft. ISS assembly missions cancelled after Columbia disaster. Crew relieved by two-man crew to keep ISS functioning while shuttle grounded. On return Soyuz guidance failed; 8G ballistic reentry. Backup crew: Sharipov, Fincke. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

STS-113 Chronology


2002 November 24 - .
2002 November 24 - .
2002 November 24 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-113.
  • STS-113 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Wetherbee; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Herrington; Bowersox; Budarin; Pettit. Payload: Endeavour F19 / P1. Mass: 115,000 kg (253,000 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wetherbee; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Herrington; Bowersox; Budarin; Pettit. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-113; ISS EO-6. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 13.78 days. Decay Date: 2002-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 27556 . COSPAR: 2002-052A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 379 km (235 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. ISS assembly mission ISS-11A delayed from August 22, September 6, 19, October 6, November 2, 10, 11, 19 and 23 due to SSME problems and then damage to the Shuttle's manipulator arm. Shuttle mission STS-113 carried a crew of seven astronauts (six American and one Russian) and a 13.7-m truss of 12.5 tons to the International Space Station (ISS). During several hours of EVA, the crew installed and secured the truss assembly. The truss was to provide structural support for the station's thermal control radiators, and brought the total mass of the ISS to over 200 tons. Prior to leaving the ISS, the shuttle released a pair of tethered (15-m long) picosatellites. It was to leave the ISS on December 2.

2002 November 25 - .
2002 November 25 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. The crew of Endeavour awakened at 7:29 a.m. to begin final preparations for this afternoon's docking with the International Space Station. Endeavour is now 350 miles behind the space station closing the distance between them at the rate of about 130 miles every orbit. Docking is slated to occur at 3:26 p.m. central time today with the two spacecraft high over the Kazakh/Uzbekistan border. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 26 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. The crew of Endeavour was awakened at 7:26 a.m. to begin a day that will see the installation of the Port One (P1) truss onto the International Space Station. The P1 is the third such truss to be installed on the station this year and is one of 11 truss segments that will make up the station's final Integrated Truss Structure. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 26 - .
2002 November 27 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. Endeavour and International Space Station crewmembers worked today to transfer equipment and supplies between their docked spacecraft. Expedition 5 crewmembers exchanged notes with their Expedition 6 successors and mission specialists Michael Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington prepared for a Thanksgiving Day spacewalk. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 27 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. Endeavour's crew today will focus its efforts on transferring supplies and equipment to the International Space Station that will be used by the station's Expedition Six crew during their four-month stay aboard the complex. The station and shuttle crew members also will move supplies, equipment and completed experiments that were used by the Expedition Five crew to the shuttle for return to Earth. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 27 - . 19:49 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-113-1 - . Crew: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113. The first spacewalk for installation of the P1 truss began at 1947 UTC. The astronauts emerged from the Quest module, attached the P1/S0 umbilicals, removed the P1 drag links and the CETA-B cart's launch restraints. They also installed more SPD disconnects on the ammonia lines, and attached a TV camera to the truss.

2002 November 28 - .
2002 November 28 - .
2002 November 29 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. Transfer of equipment and supplies from Endeavour's middeck to the International Space Station passed the 1,700-pound mark today, with about 75 percent of the total material from the shuttle now aboard the orbiting laboratory. More than 750 pounds of material has been moved from the station to Endeavour's crew compartment. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 29 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Herrington; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. With the Expedition Six crewmembers settling into their new on-orbit home, today's activities largely will focus on continuing transfer of equipment, experiments and hardware, and a formal Change of Command ceremony between resident crews on board the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 29 - . 18:36 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-113-2 - . Crew: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113. Summary: The astronauts emerged from the Quest module at about 1845 UTC. They removed P1 keel pins and installed TV cameras, and moved the CETA-2 cart from P1 to S1..

2002 November 30 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. The third and final spacewalk of STS-113 ended at 8:25 p.m. central time today, as Mission Specialists Mike Lopez-Alegria and John Herrington climbed back inside the Quest Airlock. The two spacewalkers spent seven hours outside the International Space Station today, continuing the outfitting of the newly-installed P1 truss segment. Additional Details: here....

2002 November 30 - .
2002 December 1 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Pettit; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. The crews of Endeavour and the International Space Station today got ready to say goodbye to one another, checking out tools that will be used during undocking of the two spacecraft on Monday. They also configured and stowed spacesuits used in the mission's three spacewalks. Crewmembers got some afternoon time off to relax and talk via radio with family members. Additional Details: here....

2002 December 1 - .
2002 December 1 - . 19:25 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-113-3 - . Crew: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lopez-Alegria; Herrington. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113. It was planned to use the Mobile Transporter as a base for the SSRMS arm during the spacewalk. The MT was moved from worksite 4 on S0 to worksite 7 at the end of P1. Motion began at 1621 UTC but the MT got stuck a few meters short of its goal. The crew fell back on contingency training and opened the hatch of the Quest module at 1924 UTC. Instead of using the SSRMS for transport they spacewalked down the truss to the location of the MT. Here it was found that the MT was blocked by the undeployed P1 UHF antenna. The astronauts deployed it, clearing the MT's path. The MT finally reached its destination at 0011 UTC. This incident indicated problems with ISS configuration control but also showed the value of the astronauts' ability to handle unforeseen contingencies. During the spacewalk, the astronauts installed more fixes to the Station's ammonia line connectors, although dealing with the MT problem meant not all of the planned work could be completed.

2002 December 2 - .
2002 December 2 - .
2002 December 3 - .
2002 December 3 - .
2002 December 4 - .
2002 December 4 - .
2002 December 5 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. Summary: The Space Shuttle Endeavour will spend at least one more day in space after rain, clouds and windy conditions at the Kennedy Space Center prompted flight controllers to wave off today's opportunities to bring Endeavour and its crew of seven home.. Additional Details: here....

2002 December 6 - .
2002 December 6 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. A stalled cold front at the Kennedy Space Center, resulting in low clouds and overcast weather, will keep Endeavour aloft for another 24 hours. For the third consecutive day, flight controllers were forced to wave off opportunities to bring Endeavour home to Florida. Additional Details: here....

2002 December 7 - .
2002 December 7 - .
2002 December 7 - .
  • STS-113 MCC Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herrington; Korzun; Lockhart; Lopez-Alegria; Wetherbee; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; ISS EO-6; STS-113. With the most favorable weather forecast so far this week, Endeavour and crew are focusing on a landing today preferably at the Kennedy Space Center, Fla., although a landing at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., where the weather is clear and calm, is possible. Additional Details: here....

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