Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-82



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STS-82
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STS-82
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Crew: Bowersox, Harbaugh, Hawley, Horowitz, Lee, Smith Steven, Tanner. Hubble repair mission; five spacewalks.

After a spectacular night launch, the Shuttle completed its rendezvous with Hubble Space Telescope on February 13. Over the next four days five spacewalks were undertaken to renovate Hubble.

The Hubble Space Telescope was released back into orbit at 06:41 GMT on February 19. Discovery landed on Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 08:32 GMT on February 21.

After the OMS 2 burn Discovery was in a 350 x 579 km x 28.5 deg orbit; later on February 11 perigee was raised to 480 km and on February 12 it was in a 576 x 584 km orbit. The Hubble Space Telescope was in a 589 x 598 km x 28.5 deg orbit. The Shuttle completed its rendezvous with Hubble on February 13. Steve Hawley used the RMS arm to grapple HST at 08:34 GMT and by shortly after 09:00 GMT the telescope was docked to the FSS (Flight Support Structure) in the aft part of the cargo bay. Over the next four days five spacewalks were undertaken to renovate Hubble.

On February 14 astronauts Mark Lee and Steven Smith carried out spacewalk EVA-1 to install the STIS and NICMOS science instruments. The spacewalkers discovered potentially serious rips in Hubble's insulation, caused by degradation over the seven years the material has been in orbit. An orbital debris puncture in an antenna was also noticed. EVA-2, by Greg Harbaugh and Joe Tanner, replaced the Fine Guidance Sensor in a 7h 26m spacewalk. EVA-3, by Lee and Smith, made a 7h 11m walk to install a new computer and data recorder. EVA-4 was 6h 34m and saw installation of new electronics and covers on the magnetometer sensors, plus initial repairs to the insulation. EVA-5 involved more insulation repairs; the astronauts then spent some time in the airlock awaiting word on whether an extra gyro replacement would be needed, before finally cleaning up the payload bay and repressurizing after a 5h 17m walk. No sixth spacewalk was needed; a suspect Reaction Wheel Assembly has tested out and did not need to be replaced.

Developmental Test Objectives / Detailed Supplementary Objectives

  • DTO 255: Wraparound DAP Flight Test Verification
  • DTO 312: External Tank TPS Performance
  • DTO 684: Radiation Measurements in Shuttle Crew Compartment
  • DTO 700-9A Orbiter Evaluation of TDRS Acquisition in De-spreader
  • DTO 805: Crosswind Landing Performance
  • DTO 840: Hand-Held Lidar Procedures
  • DSO 331: Integration of the Space Shuttle Launch and Entry Suit
  • DSO 487: Immunological Assessment of Crewmembers
  • DSO 493: Monitoring Latent Virus Reactivation and Shedding in Astronaut
  • PAYLOAD AND VEHICLE WEIGHTS: Orbiter (Discovery) empty and 3 SSME's: 82,952 kg; Shuttle System at SRB Ignition: 2,047,270 kg; Orbiter Weight at Landing with Cargo: 96,762 kg; Flight Support System: 2,033 kg; Orbital Replacement Unit Carrier: 3,165 kg; Second Axial Carrier: 2,392 kg; Hubble Space Telescope (while berthed to Discovery) 11,140 kg.

    NASA Official Mission Summary:

    STS-82
    (2nd HST servicing)
    Discovery
    Pad A
    82nd Shuttle mission
    22nd flight OV-103
    2nd Hubble Space Telescope
    servicing mission
    9th Shuttle night landing/4th night
    landing at KSC
    35th KSC landing
    Crew:
    Kenneth D. Bowersox , Commander (4th Shuttle flight)
    Scott J. "Doc" Horowitz, Pilot (2nd)
    Mark C. Lee, Payload Commander (4th)
    Steven A. Hawley, Mission Specialist (4th)
    Gregory J. Harbaugh, Mission Specialist (4th)
    Steven L. Smith, Mission Specialist (2nd)
    Joseph R. "Joe" Tanner, Mission Specialist (2nd)
    Orbiter Preps (move to):
    OPF - June 30, 1996
    VAB - Jan. 11, 1997
    Pad - Jan. 17, 1997

    Launch:

    February 11, 1997, 3:55:17 a.m. EST. Launch originally targeted for Feb. 13 moved up to Feb. 11 to provide more range opportunities. Countdown proceeded smoothly to on-time liftoff Feb. 11. First flight of Discovery after Orbiter Maintenance Down Period (OMDP).

    Landing:

    February 21, 1997, 3:32:26 a.m. EST, Runway 15, Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Rollout distance: 7,066 feet (2,154 meters) Rollout time: one minute, zero seconds. Mission duration: nine days, 23 hours, 37 minutes, nine seconds. Landed on revolution 150. Landed on second opportunity after first waved off due to low clouds. Ninth night landing in Shuttle program history and fourth at KSC.

    Mission Highlights:

    STS-82 demonstrated anew the capability of the Space Shuttle to service orbiting spacecraft as well as the benefits of human spaceflight. Six-member crew completed servicing and upgrading of the Hubble Space Telescope during four planned extravehicular activities (EVAs) and then performed a fifth unscheduled spacewalk to repair insulation on the telescope.

    HST deployed in April 1990 during STS-31. It was designed to undergo periodic servicing and upgrading over its 15-year life span, with first servicing performed during STS-61 in December 1993. Hawley, who originally deployed the telescope, operated the orbiter Remote Manipulator System arm on STS-82 to retrieve HST for second servicing at 3:34 a.m. EST, Feb. 13, and positioned it in payload bay less than half an hour later.

    Relying on more than 150 tools and crew aids, Lee and Smith performed EVAs 1, 3 and 5, and Harbaugh and Tanner did EVAs 2 and 4.

    EVA 1 began at 11:34 p.m. EST, Feb. 13, and lasted six hours, 42 minutes. One of Hubble's solar arrays was unexpectedly disturbed by gust of air from Discovery's airlock when it was depressurized, but was not damaged. Lee and Smith removed two scientific instruments from Hubble, the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph (GHRS) and Faint Object Spectrograph (FOS), and replaced them with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) and Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS), respectively. STIS will provide two-dimensional spectroscopy, allowing the instrument to gather 30 times more spectral data and 500 times more spatial data than existing spectrographs on Hubble, which look at one place at a time.

    EVA 2 began at 10:25 p.m., Feb. 14, and lasted seven hours, 27 minutes. Harbaugh and Tanner replaced a degraded Fine Guidance Sensor and a failed Engineering and Science Tape Recorder with new spares. Also installed a new unit called the Optical Control Electronics Enhancement Kit, which will further increase the capability of the Fine Guidance Sensor. During this EVA astronauts noted cracking and wear on thermal insulation on side of telescope facing sun and in the direction of travel.

    EVA 3 began at 9:53 p.m., Feb. 15, and lasted seven hours, 11 minutes. Lee and Smith removed and replaced a Data Interface Unit on Hubble, as well as an old reel-to-reel- style Engineering and Science Tape Recorder with a new digital Solid State Recorder (SSR) that will allow simultaneous recording and playback of data. Also changed out one of four Reaction Wheel Assembly units that use spin momentum to move telescope toward a target and maintain it in a stable position. After this EVA, mission managers decided to add EVA 5 to repair the thermal insulation on HST.

    EVA 4 began at 10:45 p.m., Feb. 16, and lasted six hours, 34 minutes. Harbaugh and Tanner replaced a Solar Array Drive Electronics package which controls the positioning of Hubble's solar arrays. Also replaced covers over Hubble's magnetometers and placed thermal blankets of multi-layer material over two areas of degraded insulation around the light shield portion of the telescope just below the top of the observatory. Meanwhile, inside Discovery Horowitz and Lee worked on the middeck to fabricate new insulation blankets for HST.

    Final spacewalk, EVA 5, lasted five hours, 17 minutes. Lee and Smith attached several thermal insulation blankets to three equipment compartments at the top of the Support Systems Module section of the telescope which contain key data processing, electronics and scientific instrument telemetry packages. STS-82 EVA total of 33 hours, 11 minutes is about two hours shy of total EVA time recorded on first servicing mission.

    Discovery's maneuvering jets fired several times during mission to reboost telescope's orbit by eight nautical miles. Hubble redeployed on Feb. 19 at 1:41 a.m. and is now operating at the highest altitude it has ever flown, a 335- by 321-nautical-mile orbit. Initial checkout of new instruments and equipment during mission showed all were performing nominally. Calibration of two new science instruments was to take place over a period of several weeks with first images and data anticipated in about eight to 10 weeks. Two more servicing missions planned for 1999 and 2002. Performance of Discovery was nominal throughout the mission.

    AKA: Discovery.
    First Launch: 1997.02.11.
    Last Launch: 1997.02.21.
    Duration: 9.98 days.

    More... - Chronology...


    Associated People
    • Tanner Tanner, Joseph Richard 'Joe' (1950-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115. More...
    • Hawley Hawley, Dr Steven Alan (1951-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93. Was married to astronaut Sally Ride. More...
    • Lee Lee, Mark Charles (1952-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-82. Was married to astronaut Jan Davis, part of first married couple to fly in space together. More...
    • Harbaugh Harbaugh, Gregory Jordan 'Greg' (1956-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-54, STS-71, STS-82. More...
    • Bowersox Bowersox, Kenneth Duane 'Ken' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, ISS EO-6. More...
    • Horowitz Horowitz, Dr Scott Jay 'Doc' (1957-) Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105. Grew up in Thousand Oaks, California. Left NASA for a position with ATK Thiokol, promoting shuttle-derived vehicles for use as the CEV launch vehicle. More...
    • Smith, Steven Smith, Steven Lee (1958-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-68, STS-82, STS-103, STS-110. More...

    Associated Countries
    Associated Spacecraft
    • Discovery American manned spaceplane. 39 launches, 1984.08.30 to 2011.02.24. More...

    See also
    Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
    • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
    • NASA Houston American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Houston, Houston, USA. More...

    Associated Programs
    • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

    Associated Launch Sites
    • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

    STS-82 Chronology


    1997 February 11 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-82.
    • STS-82 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bowersox; Horowitz; Lee; Tanner; Hawley; Harbaugh; Smith, Steven. Payload: Discovery F22 / SAC. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Horowitz; Lee; Tanner; Hawley; Harbaugh; Smith, Steven. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 9.98 days. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. After a spectacular night launch, the Shuttle completed its rendezvous with Hubble Space Telescope on February 13. Over the next four days five spacewalks were undertaken to renovate Hubble.

      The Hubble Space Telescope was released back into orbit at 06:41 GMT on February 19. Discovery landed on Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 08:32 GMT on February 21.


    1997 February 14 - . 04:34 GMT - .
    • EVA STS-82-1 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - NICMOS installation..

    1997 February 15 - . 03:25 GMT - .
    • EVA STS-82-2 - . Crew: Harbaugh; Tanner. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Harbaugh; Tanner. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Guidance sensor replacement..

    1997 February 16 - . 02:53 GMT - .
    • EVA STS-82-3 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Data interface unit replacement..

    1997 February 17 - . 03:45 GMT - .
    • EVA STS-82-4 - . Crew: Harbaugh; Tanner. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Harbaugh; Tanner. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Solar array drive replacement..

    1997 February 18 - . 03:15 GMT - .
    • EVA STS-82-5 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Insulation blanket repair..

    1997 February 21 - .
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