TKS capsule at Khrunichev factory.
TKS - Cosmos 1663 Configuration. The recovery systems of the VA capsule were replaced with military space sensors.
Credit: © Reginaldo Miranda
Crew: Sarafanov, Preobrazhensky, Yuyukov. Third TKS flight that would have docked with the cancelled Almaz OPS 4 military space station. The spacecraft was instead flown unmanned to Salyut 7 as Cosmos 1686. Backup crew: Vasyutin, Rozhdestvensky, Grechanik.
Third TKS flight that would have docked with the cancelled Almaz OPS 4 military space station. The spacecraft was instead flown unmanned to Salyut 7 as Cosmos 1686. For that mission the VA reentry capsule was retained but stripped of its heat shield and all recovery equpment. In their place military optical test sensors (infrared telescope and Ozon spectrometer) were installed.
First Launch: 1981 Late.
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Preobrazhensky Preobrazhensky, Vladimir Yevgenyevich (1939-1993) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1980. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute Soviet Air Force, liaising with aircraft industrial enterprises. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Killed in an auto crash. More...
Rozhdestvensky Rozhdestvensky, Valeri Illyich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23. More...
Grechanik Grechanik, Aleksei Anatoliyevich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a flight to the Almaz space station. Engineer at the Kosmos Pavillon in Moscow. More...
Yuyukov Yuyukov, Dmitri Andreyevich (1941-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1987. Graduated from MAI, 1965 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a TKS flight to the Almaz military space station. Sector Head, NPO Mashinostroyeniye. From worked at GKNPTs Khrunishchev. More...
Sarafanov Sarafanov, Gennadi Vassilyevich (1942-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15. More...
Vasyutin Vasyutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich (1952-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2. More...
Almaz The only manned military space station to have ever flown, it served only to prove that manned stations provided no cost-effective substitute to unmanned military satellites. Derivatives of the design continue in service into the 21st Century as modules of the Salyut, Mir, and International Space Stations. More...
1981 Late -
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