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Lavochkin, Semyon Alekseyevich
Lavochkin
Lavochkin
Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of OKB-301 1937-1960

Born: 1900-09-11. Died: 1960-06-09.

Lavochkin was named Chief Designer of OKB-301 in 1937. His bureau designed and built thousands of fighters during World War II. He was less successful in getting any of his post-war jet-engined prototypes into production. In any case the bureau had begun to concentrate on development of surface-to-air missiles. Lavochkin developed the S-25 system (SA-1) for the air defense of Moscow the Soviet Union's first operational surface-to-air missile.

In 1953 SAM activities were spun off to a new design bureau under Grushin, Lavochkin's deputy. OKB-301 was given responsibility for development of the Burya trisonic intercontinental cruise missile. This, like the American Navaho, was considered at the time an obviously better technical solution than the untried intercontinental ballistic missile. Burya was flight tested successfully in 1957-1959 but not put into production due to the superiority of the less-costly invulnerable intercontinental ballistic missiles. Lavochkin died in 1960 at a time when the bureau had basically no projects left on its table. His bureau would be resurrected five years later and given responsibility for planetary unmanned space probes.



Country: Russia. Bibliography: 445, 5671.

1900 September 11 - .
1953 January - . LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: EKR.
1953 April - . Launch Vehicle: Buran M, Burya La-350.
1954 May 20 - . Launch Vehicle: Buran M, Burya La-350.
1955 September - . Launch Vehicle: Burya La-350.
1956 During the Year - . Launch Vehicle: Buran M, Burya La-350.
1956 September - . Launch Vehicle: Burya La-350.
1957 November - . LV Family: Buran M. Launch Vehicle: Buran M-40.
1960 June 9 - .
1962 November 1 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
November 1964 - .

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