Encyclopedia Astronautica

First anti-aircraft missile flown in the USSR. The 217/I had a conventional aircraft layout, with a main wing and aerodynamic control surfaces on the tail.

The first Russian experiments with rockets in the antiaircraft role were conducted by Russia before World War I. Tests conducted from 1909-1912 at Sestroretska were unsuccessful due to the poor performance of powder rockets of the time. N V Gerasimov (1909-1912), N A Sytenko (1909-1910), I V Volovskiy (1912) and others all conducted tests at this time. Despite the lack of success in Russia, rockets were used as a weapon against hydrogen-filled German dirigibles during the war. Ernst Lehmann, who would later die aboard the Hindenberg, described a rocket attack on his zeppelin LZ-90 in January 1916. He was dropping 3000 kg of bombs at the rail yard at Bar-le-Dieu, France, when enemy rockets forced him to climb to 3260 m altitude.

Korolev's experimental 217 rocket was envisioned to be developed as a SAM.

Maximum range: 6.80 km (4.20 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Maximum speed: 300 kph (180 mph). Engine: 17.5 kg;3.5 sec burn time;PTP propellant.

Gross mass: 120 kg (260 lb).
Height: 2.27 m (7.44 ft).
Span: 2.20 m (7.20 ft).
Thrust: 18.14 kN (4,078 lbf).
Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

More... - Chronology...

See also
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

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