Encyclopedia Astronautica
53T6


Russian anti-ballistic missile. Endo-atmospheric interceptor component of A-135 ABM system.

Maximum range: 80 km (49 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1995.

AKA: SH-8; ABM-3; 53T6; A-135; Gazelle.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb).
Height: 10.00 m (32.00 ft).
Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft).
Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft).
Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).
First Launch: 1979.08.01.
Last Launch: 2009.10.29.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • A-135 Two-tier Russian anti-ballistic missile system for the defence of Moscow, with both endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric interceptor missiles. After protracted development, the system was said to have gone into operation in 1995. More...
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Lyulev Russian manufacturer of rockets. Lyulev Design Bureau, Ekaterinburg, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sary Shagan Primary Soviet anti-ballistic missile test site. Known to have been used for 85 launches from 1958 to 2007, reaching up to 300 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests ran into the thousands. More...

Associated Stages
  • 53T6-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 12,000 kg. More...

53T6 Chronology


1979 Aug - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Ejection Test - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1999 November 2 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2004 November 29 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2006 December 5 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 October 11 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2007 October 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2009 October 29 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test launch - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

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