Encyclopedia Astronautica

Russian surface-to-air missile. Anti-tactical ballistic missile; inner-layer defense.

192 missiles per firing unit. Aviation Week gives completely different masses and dimensions: 4.7 m length, 0.8 m diameter, 1000 kg mass.

Standard warhead: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 40 km (24 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Maximum speed: 6,120 kph (3,800 mph). Initial Operational Capability: 1983. Floor: 25 m (82 ft).

AKA: SA-12a; Gladiator; S-300V; 9M83.
Location: Moscow, Russian Federation.
Gross mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb).
Payload: 150 kg (330 lb).
Height: 7.50 m (24.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.50 m (1.64 ft).
Span: 0.50 m (1.64 ft).
Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-300V Mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile. The S-300V system can fire either of two versions of the containerised missiles loaded: long range and medium range. These missiles are given different NATO designations. However any mix of the two missiles can be loaded as needed in the vertical launcher cells. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Efremov Russian manufacturer of rockets. Efremov Design Bureau, Russia. More...
  • Lyulev Russian manufacturer of rockets. Lyulev Design Bureau, Ekaterinburg, Russia. More...

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